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President Joseph Fielding Smith— Tenth President of the Church 



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On the Cover: 

A portrait of President Joseph Fielding 
Smith, tenth President of The Church 
of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, is 
featured on our cover this month. 
President Smith, almost a legendary 
figure in the Church because of his 
voluminous contributions in explaining 
and elucidating Church doctrine and 
because of his highly popular book 
Essentials in Church History, was or- 
dained and set apart as President of 
the Church on January 23. For the in- 
information of our readers, the days 
and dates on which the previous nine 
Presidents of the Church were sustained 
are as follows: 

Joseph Smith, Jr., sustained as First 
Elder on Tuesday, April 6, 1830, and 
sustained as President of the High 
Priesthood on Wednesday, January 25, 
1832; Brigham Young, sustained as 
President of the Church, Monday, De- 
cember 27, 1847; John Taylor, Sunday, 
October 10, 1880; Wilford Woodruff, 
Sunday, April 7, 1889; Lorenzo Snow, 
Tuesday, September 13, 1898; Joseph 
F. Smith, Thursday, October 17, 1901; 
Heber J. Grant, Saturday, November 23, 
1918; George Albert Smith, Monday, 
May 21, 1945; David 0. McKay, Mon- 
day, April 9, 1951. (See announcement 
of the new First Presidency, page 4. 
The cover photograph is by Ralph 

Joseph Smith Brigham Young John Taylor 

Wilford Woodruff Lorenzo Snow Joseph F. Smith 

Heber J. Grant George Albert Smith David 0. McKay 

The Voice of the Church • February 1970 • Volume 73, Number 2 

Special Features 

2 President Joseph Fielding Smith Becomes Tenth President of the 

6 The Editor's Page: The Greatest Responsibility — the Greatest Honor, 

President David 0. McKay 

8 David 0. McKay, 1873-1970, Jay M. Todd and Albert L. Zobell, Jr. 

20 Tributes and Messages of Sympathy 

24 Memories of a Prophet 

25 A Prayer for a Prophet, Simply, Dennis Drake 

26 Poems of Love 

40 The Cost of Alcohol 

56 Presiding Bishopric's Page: The New Tithing and Donation Recording 
Procedures, Bishop John H. Vandenberg 

74 In Puketapu, Elwin W. Jensen 

75 "Welcome into the Kingdom," Ron Woods 

76 A Night to Remember, Derek Dixon 

77 Thoughts on President David O. McKay, S. Dilworth Young 

78 The Poetry of David O. McKay 

80 A Man and His Message, Neil J. Flinders and Jay R. Lowe 

84 The Words of a Prophet 

87 "One Who Loved His Fellowmen," President Joseph Fielding Smith 

88 "God Makes a Giant Among Men," Elder Hugh B. Brown 

91 "A True Exemplar of the Life of Christ," President N. Eldon Tanner 
93 "He Lighted the Lamps of Faith," President Harold B. Lee 

Regular Features 

28 LDS Scene 

30 Research & Review: Of Drugs, Drinks and Morals, Dr. Elliott D. Landau 

32 Lest We Forget: The Wilford Woodruff Journals, Albert L. Zobell, Jr. 

34 Teaching: The Bull's Eye, Seth D. Redford 

38 Genealogy: How to Get a Going Family Organization Going, Bill R. 

59 Today's Family: The Supermarket of the Future, Carolyn Dunn 

62 Buffs and Rebuffs 

65 The Church Moves On 

66 These Times: The 1970s, Dr. G. Homer Durham 

70 Melchizedek Priesthood Page: Letter of the First Presidency Clarifies 

Church's Position on the Negro 
96 End of an Era 
29, 33, 37, 61 

The Spoken Word, Richard L. Evans 

41-55 Era Of Youth Marion D. Hanks and Elaine Cannon, Editors 


25, 26, 27, 57, 62, 77 

David 0. McKay, Richard L. Evans, Editors; Doyle L. Green, Managing Editor; Jay M. Todd, Assistant Managing Editor; Eleanor 
Knowles, Copy Editor; Mabel Jones Gabbott, Manuscript Editor; Albert L. Zobell, Jr., Research Editor; William T. Sykes, Editorial 
Associate; G. Homer Durham, Hugh Nibley, Albert L. Payne, Truman G. Madsen, Elliott Landau, Leonard Arrington, Contributing 
Editors; Marion D. Hanks, Era of Youth Editor; Elaine Cannon, Era of Youth Associate Editor; Ralph Reynolds, Art Director; Norman 
Price, Staff Artist. 

W. Jay Eldredge, General Manager; Florence S. Jacobsen, Associate General Manager; Verl F. Scott, Business Manager; A. Glen 
Snarr, Circulation Manager; S. Glenn Smith, Advertising Representative. 

©General Superintendent, Young Men's Mutual Improvement Association of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1970; 
published by the Mutual Improvement Associations. All rights reserved. 

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The Improvement Era, 79 South State, Salt Lake City, Utah 84111 

The new First Presidency 
at a press conference, 
January 23, the day 
they were set apart in 
their new callings: left, 
President Joseph Field- 
ing Smith; center, Presi- 
dent N. Eldon Tanner, 
second counselor; right, 
President Harold B. Lee, 
first counselor. Pictures 
of the First Presidency 
were taken at the press 
conference also. 

President Joseph Fielding 
Smith Becomes Tenth 
President of the Church 

Elders Harold B. Lee and 

N. Eldon Tanner 

Called to First Presidency 

• On Friday morning, January 23, 1970, in the council 
room of the Salt Lake Temple, President Joseph 
Fielding Smith was ordained and set apart as the tenth 
President and prophet, seer, and revelator of The 
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. The 
Council of the Twelve, governing body of the Church 
at the death of a Prophet, ordained and set apart 
President Smith, with Elder Harold B. Lee as voice. 
This action followed by five days the death of Presi- 
dent David O. McKay (see page 8) on Sunday, 
January 18, 1970. 

President Smith selected and set apart as his coun- 

selors in the First Presidency Harold B. Lee, first 
counselor, and N. Eldon Tanner, second counselor. 

President Lee, second to President Smith in seniority 
in the Council of the Twelve, was set apart as president 
of the Council of the Twelve by President Smith, with 
Elder Spencer W. Kimball, next in seniority to Presi- 
dent Lee, being set apart as acting president of the 
Council of the Twelve by President Lee. 

Elder Hugh B. Brown, formerly first counselor 
in the First Presidency under President McKay, re- 
sumed his calling in the Council of the Twelve, with 
seniority following Elder Richard L. Evans and pre- 
ceding Elder Howard W. Hunter. 

The ordination of President Smith as President of 
the Church leaves a vacancy in the Council of the 
Twelve, which is expected to be filled in April at the 
general conference of the Church. 

Elder Thorpe B. Isaacson, formerly a counselor 
to the First Presidency under President McKay, re- 
sumed his position as an Assistant to the Council of 
the Twelve, with seniority following Elder Theodore 
M. Burton and preceding Elder Boyd K. Packer. 

Elder Alvin R. Dyer, also formerly a counselor 
to the First Presidency under President McKay, re- 
sumed his position as an Assistant to the Council of 
the Twelve, with seniority following Elder Henry D. 
Taylor and preceding Elder Franklin D. Richards . 

President Joseph Fielding Smith is called to the 
presidency after nearly 60 years as an apostle of the 
Lord Jesus Christ. He was ordained to the apostle- 
ship April 7, 1910, by his father, President Joseph F. 
Smith, then the sixth President of the Church. He has 
been president of the Council of the Twelve since 
April 9, 1951, and a counselor to the First Presidency 
under President David O. McKay since October 1965. 

President Smith, a grandson of Hyrum Smith, who 
was Patriarch to the Church and fellow martyr with 
his brother the Prophet Joseph Smith at Carthage, 
Illinois, in 1844, is the third person with the name 
Joseph Smith to be President of the Church. 

He has been identified also with the Church His- 
torian's Office since 1901, when he began working 

there following his mission to Great Britain. In 1906, 
he was sustained as Assistant Church Historian, and 
in 1921, as Church Historian, a position he has held 
since then. 

President Smith has made consistent contributions 
to the body of Church literature by his many writings 
on Church doctrine and Church history. 

He is a much beloved leader who, through a life- 
time of devotion to the principles of the gospel, has 
been described by members of the Council of the 
Twelve as truly a just and righteous man. Members 
of the Church look forward to his inspired leadership. 

President Lee was set apart to the apostleship on 
April 10, 1941, after having served as managing direc- 
tor of the Church's Welfare Program. Since that 
time, he has carried the many and varied responsi- 
bilities incident to membership in the Council of 
the Twelve, with wide experience in the Welfare 
Program, Church business, and, of late, the entire 
Church Correlation Program, of which he has been 
chairman of the executive committee. He is a respected 
theologian and a man of great spiritual reserves, and 
is well qualified to carry the great burdens that press 
upon the First Presidency. 

President Tanner has been a member of the General 
Authorities since 1960, when he was called to be an 
Assistant to the Council of the Twelve. Two years 
later he was sustained a member of the Council of the 
Twelve, and a year later as second counselor to Presi- 
dent David O. McKay in the First Presidency. He has 
spent most of his life in Canada, where he was min- 
ister of lands in the Province of Alberta before being 
named president of a Canadian oil company. His ad- 
ministrative acumen has been well used in the First 
Presidency as have his great qualities of fairness, in- 
tegrity, and decency, which have won friends for the 
Church in many walks of life. 

Elder Kimball was ordained an apostle October 7, 
1943, after having served as a stake president in 
Arizona. In recent years he has carried increasing re- 
sponsibilities, particularly as chairman of the appropria- 
tions committee of the Church and as chairman of the 
Indian Affairs Committee, where he has directed the 
widely acclaimed Church Indian program. Elder 
Kimball's conference addresses and writings have 
been admired for many years. 

Since Sunday, January 25, 1970, members meeting 
in stake conferences throughout the Church have been 
sustaining the new prophet, seer, and revelator, and 
the new First Presidency. The general membership 
and all officers and leaders of the Church will have 
the opportunity of sustaining these admired and re- 
spected fellow-brethren in April at the 140th annual 
general conference of the Church. O 

Era, February 1970 3 

Photo by Lignell & Gill 

President Harold B. Lee 

First Counselor in the First Presidency 

President N. Eldon Tanner 
Second Counselor in the First Presidency 

Photo by William Beal 

The tone and intimation of things to come during the 19 years 
of President David 0. McKay's administration were set in his first 
address as President of the Church. This address was delivered at 
the solemn assembly held Monday morning, April 9, 1951, in the 
Tabernacle immediately following his being sustained by those 
present as the ninth President, prophet, seer, and revelator of The 
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Persons present at 
the time have remarked, "Who could forget the majestic and all- 
encompassing humility of the occasion, his several moments of 
silent, free-flowing tears as he commanded all his personal will 
to control his deeply felt emotions? It was an occasion and a speech 
that can never be forgotten!" The Era is pleased to present this 
inspiring speech as the Editor's Page this month. 

The Greatest Responsibility - 
The Greatest Honor 

By President David 0. McKay 

• My beloved fellow workers, 
brethren and sisters: I wish it 
were within my power of expres- 
sion to let you know what my 
true feelings are on this mo- 
mentous occasion. I would wish 
that you might look into my 
heart and see there for your- 
selves just what those feelings 

It is just one week ago today 

that the realization came to me 
that this responsibility of leader- 
ship would probably fall upon 
my shoulders. I received word 
that President George Albert 
Smith had taken a turn for the 
worse, and that the doctor 
thought the end was not far off. 
I hastened to his bedside, and 
with his weeping daughters, son, 
and other kinfolk, I entered his 

President David 0. McKay at 
general conference in April 1953 

sickroom. For the first time, he 
failed to recognize me. 

Then I had to accept the 
realization that the Lord had 
chosen not to answer our plead- 
ings as we would have had them 
answered, and that he was going 
to take him home to himself. 
Thankfully, he rallied again later 
in the day. Several days preced- 
ing that visit, as President Clark 
and I were considering problems 
of import pertaining to the 
Church, he, ever solicitous of the 
welfare of the Church and of 
my feelings, would say, "The re- 
sponsibility will be yours to 
make this decision," but each 
time I would refuse to face what 
to him seemed a reality. 

When that reality came, as I 
tell you, I was deeply moved. 
And I am today, and pray that I 
may, even though inadequately, 
be able to tell you how weighty 
this responsibility seems. 

The Lord has said that the 
three presiding high priests 
chosen by the body, appointed 
and ordained to this office of 
presidency, are to be "upheld by 
the confidence, faith, and prayer 
of the Church." No one can 
preside over this Church without 
first being in tune with the head 
of the Church, our Lord and 
Savior, Jesus Christ. He is our 
head. This is his Church. With- 
out his divine guidance and 
constant inspiration, we cannot 
succeed. With his guidance, with 
his inspiration, we cannot fail. 

Next to that as a sustaining 
potent power comes the confi- 
dence, faith, prayers, and united 
support of the Church. 

I pledge to you that I shall do 
my best so to live as to merit 
the companionship of the Holy 
Spirit, and pray here in your 
presence that my counselors and 
I may indeed be "partakers of 
the divine spirit." 

Next to that, unitedly we plead 
with you for a continuation of 
your love and confidence as you 
have expressed it today. From 
you members of the Twelve we 
ask for that love and sympathy 
expressed in our sacred Council. 
From the Assistants to the 
Twelve, the Patriarch, the First 
Council of the Seventy, the Pre- 
siding Bishopric, we ask that the 
spirit of unity, expressed so fer- 
vently by our Lord and Savior 
when he was saying good-bye to 
the Twelve, may be manifest by 
us all. 

You remember he said, as he 
left them: "And now I am no 
more in the world, but these are 
in the world, and I come to thee. 
Holy Father, keep through thine 
own name those whom thou hast 
given me, that they may be one, 
as we are. 

"Neither pray I for these 
alone, but for them also which 
shall believe on me through their 

"That they all may be one; as 
thou, Father, art in me, and I in 
thee, that they also may be one 
in us ; that the world may believe 
that thou hast sent me." (John 
17:11, 20-21.) 

Brethren and sisters, brethren 
of the General Authorities, God 
keep us as one, overlooking 
weaknesses we may see, keeping 
an eye single to the glory of God 
and the advancement of his 

And now to the members of 
the Church: We all need your 
help, your faith and prayers, not 
your adverse criticisms, but 
your help. You can do that in 
prayer if you cannot reach us in 
person. The potency of those 
prayers throughout the Church 
came to me yesterday when I re- 
ceived a letter from a neighbor 
in my old home town. He was 
milking his cows when the word 

came over his radio, which he 
has in his barn, that President 
Smith had passed. He sensed 
what that would mean to his 
former fellow townsman, and he 
left his barn and went to the 
house and told his wife. Imme- 
diately they called their little 
children, and there in that hum- 
ble home, suspending their activ- 
ities, they knelt down as a family 
and offered prayer. The signifi- 
cance of that scene I leave for 
you to understand. Multiply that 
by a hundred thousand, two hun- 
dred thousand, half a million 
homes, and see the power in the 
unity and prayers, and the sus- 
taining influence in the body of 
the Church. 

Today you have by your vote 
placed upon us the greatest re- 
sponsibility, as well as the great- 
est honor, that lies within your 
power to bestow as members of 
The Church of Jesus Christ of 
Latter-day Saints. Your doing 
so increases the duty of the First 
Presidency to render service to 
the people. 

When the Savior was about to 
leave his apostles, he gave them 
a great example of service. You 
remember he girded himself with 
a towel and washed his disciples' 
feet. Peter, feeling it was a 
menial work for a servant, said, 
". . . dost thou wash my feet? . . . 
Thou shalt never wash my feet." 

The Savior answered, "If I 
wash thee not, thou hast no part 
with me." 

"Nay then," said the chief 
apostle. "Not my feet only, but 
also my hands and my head." 

"He that is washed needeth 
not save to wash his feet, but is 
clean every whit," the Master 

"What I do thou knowest not 
now; but thou shalt know here- 
after." (See John 13:6, 8-10, 7.) 

And then he washed his feet, 

and those of the others also. Re- 
turning the basin to the side of 
the door, ungirding himself, and 
putting on his robe, he returned 
to his position with the Twelve 
and said: 

"Ye call me Master and Lord : 
and ye say well ; for so I am. 

"If I then, your Lord and 
Master, have washed your feet; 
ye also ought to wash one an- 
other's feet." (John 13:13-14.) 

What an example of service to 
those great servants, followers 
of the Christ! He that is great- 
est among you, let him be least. 
So we sense the obligation to be 
of greater service to the mem- 
bership of the Church, to devote 
our lives to the advancement of 
the kingdom of God on earth. 

God bless you, brothers and 
sisters. May the spirit of this 
occasion remain in our hearts. 
May it be felt throughout the 
uttermost parts of the earth, 
wherever there is a branch in all 
the world, that that spirit might 
be a unifying power in increas- 
ing the testimony of the divinity 
of this work, that it may grow 
in its influence for good in the 
establishment of peace through- 
out the world. 

I bear you my testimony that 
the head of this Church is our 
Lord and Savior, Jesus Christ. I 
know the reality of his existence, 
of his willingness to guide and 
direct all who serve him. I know 
he restored, with his Father, to 
the Prophet Joseph Smith the 
gospel of Jesus Christ in its full- 
ness. I know that these brethren 
whom you have sustained today 
are men of God. I love them. 
Don't you think anything else. 
God's will has been done. 

May we have increased power 
to be true to the responsibilities 
that the Lord and you have 
placed upon us, I pray in the 
name of Jesus Christ. Amen. O 

Era, February 1970 7 

ii n • 

David Q McKay, 

By Jay M. Todd, 

Assistant Managing Editor, 
and Albert L. Zobell, Jr. 

Research Editor 

Illustrated by Gary Kapp 
Courtesy BYU Banyon - 1970 





K" * 


/ « ** 

* : 





What can be said when a 
Prophet is called back to 
our Heavenly Father? A 
Prophet who has gloriously com- 
pleted—in the words of the immor- 
tal hymn— 'all you sent me forth 
to do"?* 

David O. McKay, ninth President 
of The Church of Jesus Christ of 
Latter-day Saints, died peacefully 
in his ninety-seventh year at his 
Hotel Utah apartment at 6:00 a.m. 
on the peaceful Sabbath morning of 
January 18, 1970. During the hours 
after midnight, members of his fam- 
ily had arrived to be at his bedside. 

'Oh, my Father," by Eliza R. Snow. 

About midnight, congestion of 
the heart developed and steadily 
worsened. Several hours prior to 
his death, the President lapsed into 
a coma. He had been in failing 
health for several months and in a 
weakening condition for several 
days with complications of heart 
and kidney failure. Although for 
some time he had been confined to 
a wheelchair and had experienced 
difficulties in speech, he had met 
regularly with Church authorities 
to discuss and review Church 

Every Latter-day Saint felt a per- 
sonal loss with the death of David 
(a biblical name meaning "beloved") 


President McKay surrounded by students following a Brigham Young University address 

Hugh J. Cannon and Elder David 0. McKay in 1921 on their world tour of Church missions 

Oman (his grandmother's maiden 
name) McKay. He was born Sep- 
tember 8, 1873, in the northern 
Utah alpine farm community of 
Huntsville, in a corner bedroom of 
the family stone house, the first son 
and third child of David and 
Jennette Evans McKay, Scottish- 
Welsh emigrant converts. His 
father had emigrated from Scotland 
at the age of 12, and his mother had 
emigrated from Wales at the age 
of six. 

He was born less than four years 
after the completion of the trans- 
continental railroad, 26 years after 
the pioneers had entered the valley 
of the Great Salt Lake, and 43 

years after the Church was orga- 
nized by the Prophet Joseph Smith. 
Brigham Young was then President 
of the Church. 

As young David grew, the 
Church grew— and seemingly, every 
personal milestone in his life can 
be related in time to great mile- 
stones in Church history: he was 
baptized when President John 
Taylor presided over the Church, 
received his mission call under the 
direction of President Wilford 
Woodruff, was married in the Salt 
Lake Temple when President 
Lorenzo Snow held the sacred 
priesthood sealing powers, was 
called to the Council of the Twelve 

by President Joseph F. Smith, and 
rendered remarkable service in the 
First Presidency to President Heber 
J. Grant and President George Al- 
bert Smith before beginning his 
own administration in 1951, an ad- 
ministration that has been unparal- 
leled in the history of the Church. 

For 64 years Latter-day Saints 
saw him as an official apostolic 
ambassador at the pulpits of their 
wards and stakes. They saw him 
in the missions; they saw him at the 
pulpit of the Tabernacle and heard 
his voice and saw his image in their 
homes by way of the miracles of 
radio and television. They have 
felt his influence in their lives. 
Although relatively few had per- 
sonal conversation with him or 
shook his hand, he was a personal 
influence in their lives. The mem- 
bers of the Church will miss him, as 
will the countless nonmembers, 
worldwide, who were among his 
ever-expanding circle of friends. 

The David O. McKay era— the 
period during which he served as 
President of the Church, from 
April 9, 1951, until January 18, 
1970— has indeed been a golden age 
for the Church. 

President McKay saw the size of 
the Church nearly triple— from one 
million in 1951 to nearly three mil- 
lion at the time of his death, and 
the number of stakes grew from 
184 to an even 500. In spearhead- 
ing this growth, he traveled ap- 
proximately one million miles to 
become the most widely traveled 
Church President in history— far 
more than the ancient apostle 
whom he most admired, the apostle 
Paul. He visited all the missions in 
Europe and was the first President 
ever to visit missions in South 
Africa, South America, the Pacific 
isles, New Zealand, and Australia. 
The number of missions more than 
doubled, to 88 in number, and the 
unpaid, full-time missionary force 
grew from about 2,000 to more 

10 Era, February 1970 

than 12,000. He instituted three 
language training schools for mis- 
sionaries, at Brigham Young Uni- 
versity, Ricks College, and Church 
College of Hawaii. 

The entry of the Church into 
public places, such as world fairs, 
and the establishment of visitors 
centers reflect President McKay's 
great mission of placing the message 
of the Church in the mainstream of 
life. His famous statement, "Every 
member a missionary," and subse- 
quent counsel enlisted members 
Church-wide in the missionary 

Never in the history of the 
Church has there been such a 
builder as President McKay. Since 
1951, over 3,750 Church buildings 
have been constructed throughout 
the world. (With those now under 
construction or in planning stages, 
the total is 4,411 buildings for his 
administration.) This number is far 
greater than the number built in 
the first 120 years of the Church. 
Of the buildings constructed under 
his administration, over 2,000 of 
them are ward and branch chapels. 
Under his direction, eight temples 
were built or announced: Los 
Angeles Temple, Swiss Temple, 
London Temple, New Zealand 
Temple, Oakland Temple, Ogden 
Temple, Provo Temple, and the 
Washington Temple. The comple- 
tion of the latter three will bring to 
15 the total number of temples in 
use by the Church, of which more 
than half will have been instituted 
under President McKay's adminis- 
tration. (Associated with the growth 
in number of temples has been the 
worldwide stature achieved by the 
Church's Genealogical Society. Suf- 
ficient records are now on micro- 
film for genealogical use throughout 
the Church to fill over three million 
300-page books.) 

Other building projects include 
the $10-million David O. McKay 
Hospital in Ogden, as well as exten- 

sive remodeling in other Church 
hospitals, many seminary and insti- 
tute buildings throughout the 
Church, greatly enlarged college 
campuses at Brigham Young Uni- 
versity and Ricks College, the con- 
struction of the Church College of 
Hawaii, and the building of about 
60 elementary and high school com- 
plexes throughout the South Seas, 
Central America, and South Amer- 
ica. Construction was recently 
begun on a 25-story Church Admin- 
istration Building, scheduled for 
completion in 1972. 

President McKay's impressive 
influence was felt deeply in other 
significant matters that have greatly 
altered the makeup of the Church. 
Under his inspired direction the 
creation of the far-reaching Church 
Correlation Program was instituted. 
Giant strides were taken to weld 
together in common purpose all the 
energies and facilities of the 
Church's administration and pro- 
grams, particularly as the goals 
of the Church were expressed 
through the four priesthood pro- 
grams—home teaching, missionary, 
welfare, and genealogy. In addition, 
the family home evening program— 
which has received international 
acclaim for its concept of strength- 
ening the family unit— was devel- 
oped. Notable changes in Church 
government were applied by Presi- 
dent McKay, including the addi- 
tion of several counselors in the 
First Presidency, additional As- 
sistants to the Council of the 
Twelve, and the calling of Regional 
Representatives of the Twelve; in 
addition, members of the First 
Council of the Seventy have been 
ordained to the office of high 

Indeed, in all things the kingdom 
of God on earth progressed greatly 
and was blessed greatly by the 
wise, beloved, and inspired leader- 
ship of David Oman McKay as he 
presided over the Church for nearly 

19 years. The world was brought to 
more appreciation of the Church, 
and the Church was brought to 
more appreciation of the good- 
nesses of mankind found within the 
world. Parents were brought to 
more appreciation of and love for 
their children, and children were 
brought to more appreciation of and 
love for their parents. Family ties 
were knit even more closely, and 
marital bonds were enriched. Indi- 
viduals were brought closer to God 
and God was brought closer to in- 
dividuals as countless millions 
adopted gospel principles and 
heeded President McKay's great 
and majestic pleas for the building 
of man's most priceless possession- 
personal character. 

All of these general Church 
achievements reflect the selfsame 
qualities of brilliance, wisdom, love, 
imagination, and transparent good- 
ness that were within the man. 
Indeed, these achievements simply 
mirror the nature of David Oman 
McKay. In a similar manner they 
reflect the home environment in 
which he grew, unconsciously as- 
similating the remarkable virtues 
and characteristics found in the 
home of his father and mother, 
David and Jennette Evans McKay. 

Young David began mortality as 
a farm boy on the mountain valley 
acres that he himself was to operate 
and own throughout his life. Al- 
though he was to preach in many 
far-off places, among many tongues 
and peoples, his listeners always 
delighted in his sermon lessons of 
his horses, Dandy and Sonny Boy, 
and a family bobsled party was at 
least a once-a-year tradition. 

Many of his stories that intrigued 
and charmed listeners reflected his 
love for the things and people of the 
soil. Until late in life, he could be 
found in moments of leisure at the 
farm, caring for stock, training his 
horses, cutting hay, plowing land, 
and doing the duties he learned 


Elder McKay when he became first assistant 
superintendent of the Sunday School, 1909 

He was always at home in the South Seas 

under the hand of his father. 

Once when President McKay 
was conversing with the late Pres- 
ton Nibley, former assistant Church 
historian, Brother Nibley remarked 
on the many noted persons that the 
President had met during his long 
life and asked, "President McKay, 
who is the greatest man you have 
ever met?" He replied without 
hesitation, "My father." 

(Of his mother, President McKay 
had written: "I cannot think of a 
womanly virtue that my mother did 
not possess. . . . She was beautiful 
and dignified." "To make home the 
most pleasant place in the world 
for her husband and children was 
her constant aim, which she 

achieved naturally and supremely.") 

Young David grew to manhood 
loving the things his father loved, 
loving nature, liking most of all to 
be in the saddle, riding among the 
hills, there to spend hours in con- 

The McKay family of David's 
youth knew tragedy early, as the 
dread diphtheria swept through the 
community during the winter of 
1877-78, claiming 20 children, in- 
cluding young David's two older 
sisters, Margaret and Elena. 

When David was seven, his 
father was called to return to his 
native Scotland as a Mormon 
missionary. The father debated 
whether to accept the call, finally 
telling his wife that he would ask 
for a postponement until after the 
expected baby had joined the fam- 
ily circle. She looked at him, 
knowing his love for her, and said, 
"David, you go on that mission. 
You go now. The Lord wants you 
now, not a year from now, and he 
will take care of me." He left in the 
spring of 1881, ten days before the 
baby, Annie, was born; she joined 7- 
year-old David, 5-year-old Thomas, 
and 3-year-old Jeannette. Such was 
the spirit and feeling for the Church 
in that home, a tone that shaped the 
lives of the children, including the 
young prophet-to-be. (When the 
father returned, he found that an 
addition to the house that he had 
hoped to build had been built in 
his absence.) 

It was not long after the elder 
David McKay's return from his 
mission that he was called as 
bishop of the Huntsville Ward. He 
later was called as Weber Stake 
high councilor and as Weber Stake 
patriarch. Active in civic offices, he 
served in the last territorial legisla- 
ture and three terms as senator in 
the Utah Legislature before his 
death in 1917. 

At the completion of his regular 
public schooling, David O. McKay 

determined to train and qualify 
himself for a career in the field of 
secular education. (Interestingly, he 
was to make some of his greatest 
contributions in the field of re- 
ligious education.) Hence, he at- 
tended the University of Utah 
normal school, located at the time 
a few blocks west of Temple 
Square, for three years. His years 
there left a deep impression upon 
him, and he similarly impressed his 
associates— he was graduated as 
class president and valedictorian of 
his class and had played guard on 
the first school football team. His 
schooling also brought him into 
contact with his wife-to-be, Emma 
Ray Riggs, daughter of the English- 
woman with whom he boarded 
while attending school. After his 
graduation, the young couple de- 
layed their wedding plans as he 
accepted a call to serve in the 
British Mission. So, in the sum- 
mer of 1897, 23-year-old David O. 
McKay was ordained a seventy and 
left for Europe, where he served, as 
had his father some 15 years pre- 
viously, in Glasgow, Scotland. As 
a missionary he presided over the 
Glasgow conference from March 
1898 to September 1899. 

Some years ago a researcher, 
pouring through the Church mis- 
sionary records, found an appraisal 
of Elder David O. McKay, made by 
his mission president upon comple- 
tion of Elder McKay's mission. The 
appraisal reads: 

"As a speaker: Good. 

"As a writer: Good. 

"As a presiding officer: Very 

"Has he a good knowledge of the 
gospel? Yes. 

"Has he been energetic? Very. 

"Is he discreet and does he carry 
a good influence? Yes, sir! 

"Remarks: None better in the 

This was written in 1899. 

President McKay's mission ex- 


perience fortified him throughout 
his life, particularly his experience 
of coming across an inscription, 
"Whate'er Thou Art, Act Well Thy 
Part," at a time of discouragement. 
However, another mission incident 
was told by the President himself 
at a general conference. The inci- 
dent occurred as the elders in 
Scotland were at a conference pre- 
sided over by President James L. 

"I remember as if it were yester- 
day, the intensity of the inspira- 
tion of that occasion. Everybody 
felt the rich outpouring of the 
Spirit of the Lord. All present were 
truly of one heart and one mind. 
Never before had I experienced 
such an emotion. It was a mani- 
festation for which, as a doubting 
youth, I had secretly prayed most 
earnestly on hillside and in mea- 
dow. It was an assurance to me 
that sincere prayer is answered 
'sometime, somewhere.' ' 

The Holy Ghost, he testified, was 
poured out upon the elders until 
"tears were flowing down their 
cheeks . . . not in sorrow or grief, 
but as an expression of the over- 
flowing Spirit. . . . One elder while 
bearing testimony declared, 'Breth- 
ren, there are angels in this room!' 

"To this, President McMurrin 
arose, testifying, 'Yes, brethren, 
there are angels in this room!' Then 
turning to Elder McKay, he spoke 
prophetically, 'Let me say to you, 
Brother David, Satan hath desired 
you that he might sift you as wheat, 
but God is mindful of you. ... If 
you will keep the faith, you will 
yet sit in the leading councils of 
the Church!' " 

After President McKay had re- 
vealed this testimony, he declared 
humbly, "With the resolve then 
and there to keep the faith, there 
was born a desire to be of service 
to my fellowmen, and with it a 
realization, a glimpse at least, of 
what I owed to the elder who first 

President McKay presided at the dedication of the Hyde Park chapel, London, in 1961 

carried the message of the restored 
gospel to my grandfather and 
grandmother who had accepted the 
message years before in the north 
of Scotland and in South Wales." 
(Through the holy calling and 
inspired utterances of a patriarch 
at the time he received his patri- 
archal blessing at age 12, young 
David was informed that "the eye 
of the Lord is upon you. ... At an 
early date you must be prepared 
for a responsible position. . . . You 
shall see much of the world, you 
shall 'assist in gathering scattered 
Israel.' ... It shall be your lot to 
sit in council with your breth- 
ren. . . . You shall preside among 
the people.") 

His mission over, David O. Mc- 
Kay began teaching at Weber 
Academy (now Weber State Col- 
lege) at Ogden, 13 miles down the 
canyon from Huntsville. Almost as 
soon as he had arrived home, he 
also went to Salt Lake City to re- 
new his proposal of marriage to 
Emma Ray Riggs. During his 
mission, Emma Ray had graduated 
from the University of Utah, re- 
ceiving special attainments in music 
—a training that was to be of warm 
and happy value to her ward and 
stake and to her family. 

They were married in the Salt 
Lake Temple January 2, 1901. 
David O. McKay was 27 years old. 
From that time his thoughts were 

Era, February 1970 13 

never far from her and their fam- 
ily. To this inspiring couple were 
born five sons and two daughters: 
Royle Riggs McKay (who died in 
his early youth), David Lawrence 
McKay, Dr. Llewelyn Riggs Mc- 
Kay, Lou Jean McKay Blood, 
Emma Rae McKay Ashton, Dr. Ed- 
ward Riggs McKay, and Robert 
Riggs McKay. There are 22 
grandchildren and 22 great-grand- 

Their 69 years of marital com- 
panionship stand as one of the 
longest among modern world fig- 
ures, and by all odds is likely the 
most famous. Their loving associa- 
tion, known for its mutual courtesy 
and kind consideration, not only 
became a tradition and an ideal 
among Latter-day Saints, but it was 
also a symbol of what can be in a 
world where family separations and 
marital infidelities are often com- 
monplace. To many it has seemed 
that God left them together so long 
for just such a purpose. In paying 
tribute to his wife, President McKay 
once wrote to his children: 

"Aptly it has been said that, 
'Often a woman shapes the career 
of husband, or brother, or son.' A 
man succeeds and reaps the honors 
of public applause, when in truth 
a quiet little woman has made it 
all possible— has by her tact and 
encouragement held him to his 
best, has had faith in him when 
his own faith has languished, has 
cheered him with the unfailing as- 
surance 'you can, you must, you 

"I need not tell you children how 
fittingly this tribute applies to your 
mother. All through the years you 
have seen how perfectly she fills 
the picture. There is not a line or 
a touch but is applicable. . . . 

"I want to acknowledge to you 
and to her, how greatly her loving 
devotion, inspiration, and loyal 
support have contributed to what- 
ever success may be ours. 

"Willingly and ably she has 
carried the responsibility of the 

"Uncomplainingly she has econo- 
mized when our means have been 

"Always prompt with meals, she 
has never said an unpleasant word 
or even shown a frown when I have 
kept her waiting, sometimes for 

"If I had to take a train at mid- 
night or later, she would either sit 
up with me or lie awake to make 
sure that I should not oversleep. 

"If duty required me to leave at 
five o'clock in the morning, she was 
never satisfied unless she could pre- 
pare me a bite of breakfast before 
I left home. 

"It has been mother who remem- 
bered the birthdays and purchased 
the Christmas presents. 

"Since January 2, 1901, the happy 
day when she became my bride, she 
has never given me a single worry 
except when she was ill and that 
has been, with few exceptions, only 
with the responsibilities of mother- 

"Thus my mind has been remark- 
ably free to center upon the 
problems, cares, and requirements 
incident to my duties and responsi- 

"In sickness, whether it was one 
of you or I, her untiring attention 
night and day was devotion personi- 
fied; her practical skill, invariably 
effective; and her physical endur- 
ance, seemingly unlimited. Many 
an ache and pain she has endured 
in uncomplaining silence so as not 
to give the least worry to the loved 
one to whom she was giving such 
tender care. 

"Never to this day have you 
heard your mother say a cross or 
disrespectful word. This can be 
said truthfully, I think, of but few 
women in the world. 

"Under all conditions and circum- 
stances, she has been the perfect 

lady. Her education has enabled 
her to be a true helpmate; her 
congeniality and interest in my 
work, a pleasing companion; her 
charm and unselfishness, a lifelong 
sweetheart; her unbounded pa- 
tience and intelligent insight to 
childhood, a most devoted mother; 
—these and many other virtues, 
combined with her loyalty and self- 
sacrificing devotion to her husband, 
impel me to crown her the sweetest, 
most helpful, most inspiring sweet- 
heart and wife that ever inspired a 
man to noble endeavor. 

"To her we owe our happy family 
life and whatever success we may 
have achieved!" 

President McKay's legacy in the 
area of love at home will be talked 
of for generations, a source of in- 
spiration and guidance for count- 
less millions. His great message 
to this age centered on the sanctity 
and importance of the home— and 
few men were blessed with better 
resources of such long duration as 
was he. 

The desire to teach mankind of 
the potential of a good home life 
reflected President McKay's great 
background in education. A year 
following his marriage, and about 
two years after he began teaching 
at Weber Academy, he was ap- 
pointed superintendent at the 
academy, a position he held until 
1908 and "over which he presided 
with great credit and distinguished 
ability," as President J. Reuben 
Clark, Jr., was to recall many years 

His first post-mission Church 
assignments were in education also 
—in the Sunday School. Shortly 
after his return from the mission 
field in 1899, he was called as sec- 
ond assistant superintendent of 
Weber Stake Sunday School, and it 
was in this organization that his 
love of teaching, his natural admin- 
istrative talents, and his progressive, 
ever-learning nature began to 


forcefully manifest themselves. 

In the first days of April 1906, 
David O. McKay received a call to 
attend general conference in Salt 
Lake City. In discussing the mat- 
ter, he and Emma Ray thought that 
if anything important were in- 
volved—other than asking his opin- 
ion about educational matters— it 
might be a call to serve as Church 
commissioner of education. But to 
their surprise, he was called to fill 
a vacancy in the Council of the 
Twelve, and thus began his record 
of 64 years as a General Authority 
of the Church. He was 32 years 
old at the time. 

With this holy calling, David O. 
McKay's life was forever changed— 
chartered undeniably upon its 
divine course. His abilities and in- 
terests in education prompted his 
first appointment: some six months 
after taking his seat in the Council 
of the Twelve, he was called as 
second assistant general superin- 
tendent of the Deseret Sunday 
School Union, under President 
Joseph F. Smith as superintendent. 
He became first assistant in 1909, 
and in 1918 he was called as general 

As a teacher and motivator of 
youth— and as a teacher and moti- 
vator of those who work with youth 
—he was widely admired. Recog- 
nizing his superior talents in the 
field of education, President Heber 
J. Grant appointed him commis- 
sioner of education for the Church, 
a post he held from 1919 to 1921. 

In 1921 he was appointed to the 
Board of Regents of the University 
of Utah, the school from which he 
was graduated 25 years previously. 
A year later he was awarded an 
honorary master of arts degree from 
Brigham Young University. (He 
later served on the Board of Trus- 
tees at Utah State Agricultural 
College and on the Board of Trus- 
tees of Brigham Young University, 
the only known person to have 

served on all three boards. Later 
in life he was to receive honorary 
doctorates from those three schools, 
as well as from Temple University 
in Philadelphia, and he was hon- 
ored by numerous educational 
organizations throughout America 
with honorary memberships.) 

From this extensive background 
of talent, training, experience, 
years of leadership responsibility— 
as well as a natural interest in and 
love for education— it is easy to see 
the source of the great advance- 
ments made in Church education 
since he became President of the 
Church. Not only did the seminary 
and institute and Church school 
systems become worldwide with a 
vast system of campuses and course 
work, but in addition, priesthood 
and auxiliary education within the 
Church was greatly stimulated, 
altered, refined, and made more 
effective under the careful tute- 
lage of President McKay, as he 
pointedly counseled general Church 
auxiliary presidencies and super- 
intendents and general board 

His interests took a new turn in 
1920 when he received one of the 
most unusual assignments ever 
given a member of the Council of 
the Twelve. He was called by 
President Heber J. Grant "to make 
a general survey of the missions, 
study conditions there, gather data 
concerning them, and in short, ob- 
tain general information in order 
that there may be someone in the 
deliberations of the First Presi- 
dency and the Council of the 
Twelve thoroughly familiar with 
actual conditions." 

And thus began a 13-month, 
62,000-mile tour, as he sailed over 
all oceans except the Arctic Ocean 
and visited all missions of the 
Church except South Africa. Ac- 
companying him as his assigned 
companion was Hugh J. Cannon, 
president of Liberty Stake. 

In many locales, particularly in 
the South Seas, Elder McKay was 
the first General Authority ever to 

They first visited Japan, China 
(which Elder McKay dedicated for 
the 'preaching of the gospel), and 
Hawaii. They returned for a short 
visit with their families and then 
departed by boat for the South 
Seas. The experiences of those 
months in the South Seas— Tahiti, 
Fiji, Samoa, Tonga, New Zealand- 
involved some great pentecostal 
events, including the gift of inter- 
pretation of tongues, as well as spe- 
cial outpourings of the Spirit. It 
was a tour that forever held the 
Saints of the islands close to the 
heart of President McKay. Brother 
Cannon wrote: "For years Saints 
had prayed for the privilege of 
seeing with their own eyes an 
Apostle of the Lord. This plea had 
been granted. They had seen him, 
had pressed his hand, not a few 
had kissed it and bathed it in their 
tears, had listened to his inspired 
words and had received additional 
confirmation of their faith that the 
Almighty does have divinely chosen 
men to lead his people." So intense 
and spiritual was the parting at 
Sauniatu, Samoa, that the Saints 
erected a monument at the scene 
where they said farewell. Yearly, 
the Saints in the area have gathered 
on the anniversary of that day, 
known as McKay Day, to review 
those events and the prayer given 
by the apostle. 

From the Pacific isles, the two 
men went to Australia, stopping at 
Java, Singapore, Burma, India, 
Aden, Egypt, the Holy Land, and 
then continued up through Europe 
to England and home to America. 
Elder McKay's report and appraisal 
of the work greatly benefitted 
Church leaders, in addition to sug- 
gesting a new area of emphasis for 
49-year-old David O. McKay. His 
view of the Church took on a new 

Era, February 1970 15 




worldwide view, an insight that he 
was to draw upon heavily when he 
became President. He had learned 
firsthand of the love, devotion, true 
equality, talents, and brotherhood 
of the Saints in different lands and 
cultures. More than anything else, 
this tour influenced his already 
deeply based compassionate nature 
to guide members of the Church in 
understanding their real and eternal 
brotherhood with all mankind. 

The year's experience also re- 
minded him of the great value of 
missionary work and set his course; 
for years later he would turn the 
whole Church toward an inspired 
concept— "Every member a mission- 
ary." His missionary spirit must 
have been contagious, for he had 
been home but a few months when 
the First Presidency called him to 
the presidency of the European 
Mission. So, accompanied by his 
family, he departed for England, 
where in the next two years he was 
able to implement his ideas on 
proselyting that he had envisioned 
while traveling around the world 
and that he would use with such 
great effectiveness during his presi- 
dency years later that they would 
bring upwards of 100,000 converts 
yearly into the Church. It was at 
this time that many of the families 
of the Church began calling him 
President McKay— the title by 
which he had been known in the 
European Mission presidency. 

He returned home in 1924 and 
resumed his work as superintendent 
of the Sunday School and his regu- 
lar duties as a member of the 
Council of the Twelve. During 
the next decade he continued to 
carry important assignments in the 
Council of the Twelve, particularly 
traveling to conferences and other 
Church assignments throughout the 
West in white-top, horse-drawn 
buggies, trains, and the new and 
better automobiles of the period. 
He was maturing in the varied and 

Breaking ground for the 
London Temple, 1955 

many responsibilities that befall 
members of the Council of the 

Then on October 6, 1934, follow- 
ing the death of President Anthony 
W. Ivins, former first counselor to 
President Grant, President J. Reu- 
ben Clark, Jr., was advanced to 
first counselor and David O. Mc- 
Kay, at 61 years of age, was ap- 
pointed as second counselor. Thus 
began his nearly 17 years as a 
counselor in the First Presidency, 
in which he was inextricably en- 
twined in the major decisions of 
the Church, followed by almost 19 
years as President of the Church, 
for a total of nearly 36 years as a 
member of the First Presidency. 

At Greenock, Scotland, 1955, President Mc- 
Kay greets members of the arriving Choir 

(This record is exceeded only by 
that of President Joseph F. Smith, 
who was a member of the First 
Presidency for slightly over 38 

One^of the first changes that was 
made after President McKay en- 
tered the First Presidency was his 
own release from the Sunday 
School and the calling of non- 
General Authorities as officers and 
board members of both the Sunday 
School and the Young Men's Mu- 
tual Improvement Association. 

Those were difficult days— the 
mid-1980s. The depression and the 
specter of the coming world war 
pressed heavily upon the world. 
The Church Welfare Program was 

Era, February 1970 17 





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City State 


February 1970 Era 

organized, and President McKay 
joined other General Authorities in 
going throughout the Church, ex- 
plaining and organizing the plan, 
and spending much time on the 
problems incident to the period. 
Even so, busy as he was, he never 
forgot the young people of the 
Church. On countless mid-week 
evenings he would, upon appoint- 
ment, take Sister McKay to an as- 
sembly of M Men and Gleaners or 
other young Latter-day Saints, 
where he would speak on the prin- 
ciples of happy courtship and mar- 

The early years of the 1940s were 
years of world war, and with other 
members of the First Presidency, 
President McKay was a source 
of great strength and assurance to 
members of the Church during 
those trying times. At the death of 
President Heber J. Grant in May 
1945, he was again called as sec- 
ond counselor, this time to Presi- 
dent George Albert Smith. 

Upon the death of President 
Smith, President David Oman Mc- 
Kay was sustained by the member- 
ship of the Church on April 9, 1951, 
as the ninth President of the 
Church. That for which he had 
been preparing for 77 years had 
come to pass. (It was 45 years to 
the day since he had been ordained 
an apostle.) At a time when most 
men would already have been re- 
tired for some 12 years from their 
occupations, David O. McKay be- 
gan to break ground for one of the 
most awe-inspiring periods ever 
directed by a President of the 

Having learned from his 1920-21 
world tour that nothing can take 
the place of firsthand information, 
President McKay determined to 
travel widely during those early 
years of his administration, and by 
doing so, he became the first Presi- 
dent of the Church ever to travel 
to many of the missions. In 1952 

he toured Europe; in 1954, South 
Africa, South America, and Central 
America; and in 1955, Hawaii, the 
islands of the Pacific, and Australia. 
Thereafter, he returned to Europe 
and the Pacific isles to break 
ground and to dedicate temples and 
colleges that his previous tours had 
indicated were needed. Truly, 
President McKay desired to bring 
the schools (with their saving truths 
of knowledge) and the temples 
(with their saving ordinances of 
salvation) to the membership of the 
Church; no longer would the Saints 
of those areas have to save for a 
lifetime for the privilege of making 
one journey to a temple or suffer 
without the benefit of education. 

Another result of these tours was 
President McKay's decision to give 
the Saints full priesthood leadership 
in their respective areas; hence, he 
directed that stakes with local 
leadership be organized through- 
out the world. Zion's borders were 
indeed being enlarged, her banner 
being beautifully unfurled. And 
wherever he traveled he sought out 
meetings with top government 
leaders, expressing the true mis- 
sion of the Church, correcting mis- 
conceptions, leaving a spirit of 
friendship that was to bless the 
Church many times over. 

His leadership and innovative 
and administrative abilities were 
everywhere present, even in the 
vast business responsibilities of the 
Church. A revised financial struc- 
ture was established; the President 
of the Church became chairman of 
the boards of all Church businesses; 
and full-time presidents were 
named to head businesses that had 
taken so much of the time of pre- 
vious Church leaders, whose efforts 
were needed more in spiritual and 
religious matters. 

The decade of the sixties was 
more than anything else a period 
of development and refinement of 
the programs and concepts he 

initiated during the 1950s. Through- 
out the last decade, President Mc- 
Kay's labors were directed toward 
strengthening the programs: build- 
ing even better priesthood leader- 
ship throughout the Church, 
fortifying the home through better 
family home evening and home 
teaching experiences, increasing the 
Saints' desires to experience love 
for their brothers through better 
missionary service for the living 
and increased temple ordinances 
for the dead. It was a decade of 
refinement, a decade that ably used 
the educational and administrative 
talents and wisdom of the President. 

His great and stirring pronounce- 
ments at the general conferences of 
the Church centered upon the 
home and its divine role in saving 
souls. His thoughts and expressions 
became standards not only for 
Latter-day Saints; people through- 
out the world also respected his 
wisdom, inspired utterances, and 
friendship. Consequently, many 
honors were bestowed upon him, 
making him a widely recognized 
leader among men and bringing 
respect and goodwill to the Church. 

Truly David Oman McKay was 
given to our day through the spe- 
cial love and purposes of the Lord. 
He served longer as President than 
six of the other eight Presidents of 
the Church. Only two— President 
Heber J. Grant and President Brig- 
ham Young— served longer. Well 
over half of the members of the 
Church today have known no other 
President of the Church. 

He was a Prophet of God who 
knew that he was on the Lord's 
errand and that nothing could stay 
the hand of the Lord in the onrush 
of his kingdom on earth. We have 
been blessed to have lived during 
his administration, to have heard 
his voice and felt his presence. It 
has been an honor and privilege to 
have been guided by such as he 
toward the Christ-like life. O 

Era, February 1970 19 

People from all walks of life passed by the funeral bier, where President McKay's body lay in state in the Church Office Building 

Tributes and Messages of Sympathy 

Folloiving the announcement of the death 
of President David 0. McKay, hundreds of 
letters, telegrams, and other expressions of 
love and sympathy began arriving at Church 
headquarters. Printed herewith are excerpts 
from some of these messages: 

Senate Resolution 314: 

In the Senate of the United States, January 21, 1970, the 
following Resolution was passed unanimously. 

RESOLVED THAT the Senate has learned with great 
sorrow and regret of the death of David O. McKay, late 
President of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 

RESOLVED THAT as a token of its respect and admira- 
tion for his long and dedicated services as humanitarian, 
missionary, church leader and President of the Church, the 
Senate hereby expresses its sincere sympathy and sorrow at 

his passing to his beloved wife and family and to members 
and nonmembers around the world who accepted him as a 
great spiritual leader. 

Washington State Senate Resolution 1970-Ex. 10, adopted 
January 19, 1970: 

WHEREAS, David O. McKay, President of the Church 
of Jesus Christ of the Latter-day Saints, since 1951, and one 
of that church's most distinguished leaders, died on Sunday, 
January 18, 1970 in Salt Lake City, Utah; and 

WHEREAS, President McKay guided the church in its 
growth from one million members to nearly three million 
members during the period of his presidency; and 

WHEREAS, his leadership has been the source of inspira- 
tion to all the members of his church, among whom are 
numbered many citizens of the state of Washington, who by 
their personal lives and dedication to the lofty ideals of the 
Mormon church contribute significantly to the moral and 
spiritual vitality of their communities; and 


WHEREAS, President McKay's exhortations and encour- 
agement to the formation of vital family relationships among 
his followers demonstrates his deep concern with this most 
fundamental of all social relationships. 

ate of the state of Washington mourns the death of this 
devoted and beloved leader of the Church of Jesus Christ 
of the Latter-day Saints, and joins with the family of Presi- 
dent McKay and the members of the church in their be- 

Be It Resolved by the Legislature of the State of Idaho: 

WHEREAS, through his life and works, David O. McKay 
offered an example of Christian principles to all Americans; 

WHEREAS, David O. McKay served the members of the 
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints throughout his 
many years, and for nineteen years provided guidance and 
counsel as the President of the Church, expanding its mem- 
bership, carrying word of its teachings to many millions, and 
supervising continued construction and dedication of build- 
ings to its work; and 

WHEREAS, all people of the world will mark with sorrow 
the passing of this great leader and inspirational individual, 
so too will the people of the state of Idaho join in acknowl- 
edging with sadness the death of David O. McKay. 

of Representatives of the state of Idaho, the Senate concur- 
curring therein, that the members of the Fortieth Idaho 
Legislature take this opportunity to recognize and memori- 
alize the contribution to the quality of our lives made by 
President David O. McKay, and urge that all citizens of 
this state and the United States join in observances to com- 
memorate this contribution. 

All of Arizona joins in mourning the loss of your great 
leader, whose fruitful years were of such great service to 
his church and country. — Governor Jack Williams of Arizona 

Please accept my most sincere condolences at your own 
personal loss and the loss to the church of a kindly and 
Godly leader. May God's love and mercy be with you in 
your hour of bereavement. — Tuipelehake, Premier, Nukua- 
lofa, Tonga 

I was saddened to learn of your husband's passing and 
want you to know you and your family have my deepest 

Words are certainly inadequate at a time like this, but 
I hope you will gain solace from the knowledge that your 
husband's friends in the FBI share your sorrow. — /. Edgar 
Hoover, director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation 

May I at this solemn moment express to you and through 
you to the members of your church my deepest feelings of 
sorrow for the loss of the great man that President McKay 
has been. My fellow countrymen in particular will never 
forget what through his relentless efforts he did for Greece 
in times of dire circumstances. In him we have recognized 
an outstanding American in the great tradition of the 
principles for which your country is known throughout the 
world.— Basil Vitsaxis, Ambassador of Greece, Washington, 

Please accept and convey our personal sense of loss and 
deep grief in the demise of Dr. McKay. His was a towering 
figure in the field of spirit and a source of inspiration to all 

those who have known him however fleetingly. My wife 
and I join you in mourning the passing of a great man. 
— John Zoinis, Greek Ambassador to Turkey 

Please accept my deepest condolences at the passing of 
David McKay. His memory will forever live on as a fearless 
fighter for justice and for peace between men everywhere. 
— Lt. Gen. Y Rabin, Ambassador of Israel, Washington, D.C. 

Dear Mrs. McKay: 

Mrs. Jordan joins me in extending to you and your fam- 
ily our deepest sympathies and condolences over the death 
of President McKay, one of the most distinguished American 
religious leaders of our times and your devoted partner in 
marriage for most of this century. 

The flood of messages that you will receive from great 
and humble people throughout the world will prove reassur- 
ing to you and will testify to the great esteem with which 
President McKay was regarded by people of all stations in 
life, both within and without the church of your faith. His 
warmth, his dignity of bearing, his reasonable attitude, his 
simple eloquence, his dedication, all stamped him as a 
church official of true distinction. The Mormon Church 
achieved its greatest growth in membership and influence 
during his administration, which began at the age of 77 
when many men have closed the book upon their public 
affairs. — Len B. Jordan, United States Senator from Idaho 

As a young man of 17 it was my privilege to first meet 
Elder McKay when he was an apostle of the Church and 
I was preparing for a mission to which I had been called in 
England. Elder McKay at that time was the favorite of all 
the missionaries in the mission home of the numerous 
speakers who addressed us during the two-week training 
period. From 1931 until the present time I have never had 
occasion to question the inspired leadership of this wonder- 
ful man. — Del Clawson, U.S. Congressman from California 

Alofa Village grieves the loss of its chief. — Sauniatu Vil- 
lage Council, Samoa 

My Maori people join me in sorrow at the death of Presi- 
dent McKay. Please accept and convey to your Church our 
sincere sympathy. — Te Atairangikaaho, New Zealand 

Being much grieved to learn of the great loss the Mormon 
Church suffered by the death of late President David Mc- 
Kay, I extend to you sincere condolences and sympathy. 
— Siegfried von Nostilz, German Consul General, San 

The principles and philosophies he exemplified are those 
which not only account for the strength and influence of his 
church, but which are essential to sound societies and great 

The inspiration he gave to the membership of the Church 
as a leader, and to those of us privileged to know him as a 
man of character and wisdom, is a legacy of unequaled 
value. — General Lewis B. Hershey, former director of the 
U.S. Selective Service, Washington, D.C. 

Be it a spiritual order of the National Board of Directors, 
in joint session, on January 21st, 1970. That in reverence 
to our late member, it is so ordered, that the coming project 
of the Scottish American Society, Inc. Home for our Aged, 
when built within the area of our Nation's Capital, be 
herein stated and called The David O. McKay S.A.A. Home 
forever in his memory. — Stanley Waldorf Mackenzie, 

Era, February 1970 21 

founder and national chairman. The Scottish American So- 
ciety Inc.. Washington. D.C. 

We express our deepest sympathies on the passing of 
President David Oman McKay. The world has lost a great 
religious leader. — Bishop Kenryu T. Suji, Buddhist Churches 
of America National, San Francisco, California 

I join you in sorrow and prayer as we thank God for the 
humble servant and the great leader with whom he blessed 
your Church. — Archbishop Iakovos, New York, New York 

I join the multitudes in paying tribute to a great leader 
who fulfilled God's plans for man on earth. — William D. 
Cocorinia, member of the Arch-diocesan Council, Greek 
Orthodox Church, North and South America 

The University of Utah has suffered a real loss in the 
passing of President McKay. He has been closely asso- 
ciated with the University ever since he entered as a student 
in 1894 and played on the varsity football team. I regard 
him as the University's most distinguished alumnus and we 
are grateful for his lifelong interest in the welfare of his 
alma mater. 

Our beautiful Pioneer Memorial Theatre will always be 
a monument to his interest and to his patronage of the fine 
arts. It is entirely fitting that a portrait should hang in the 
lobby of the theatre. 

Greater than all of these is what President McKay stood 
for. There has never been a greater friend to education 
than David O. McKay. Every child born in Utah since the 
turn of the century has benefited from this. It is a legacy 
that can never be measured and will continue into eternity. 
— James C. Fletcher, president, University of Utah 

I was saddened to learn of the death of President David 
O. McKay. The Mormon Church has lost a distinguished 
and great leader. He was loved and revered by all who 
knew him. His devoted service has left its mark upon the 
whole world. 

On behalf of the University, I offer our deepest sympathy 
to members of the Church and his immediate family. 
— William E. Davis, president, Idaho State University 

I was greatly grieved at the news of the death of Presi- 
dent McKay. Christianity has lost a great and true advocate. 
His example of dedicated stewardship throughout his long 
life will remain as a beacon to those who come after him. 
— H. L. Hunt, Dallas, Texas 

Our hearts were saddened this morning by the news that 
our dear friend and great leader President David O. McKay 
had passed on to meet the Heavenly Father. The world and 
all of us will miss a great man and a great prophet. — Mary 
and Igor Gorin, New York, N.Y. 

The members of the Philadelphia Orchestra, my wife and 
I are deeply saddened by the passing of your great husband. 
It is an irreparable loss not only to the Mormon Church but 
to the world. — Eugene Ormandy, director of the Philadelphia 

We mourn with you the passing of President McKay. In 
him we recognize an outstanding leader of his church whose 
advice and friendship to Scouting have been appreciated 
through the years. — Irving Fiest, President, Boy Scouts of 
America, and Alden G. Barber, Chief Scout Executive 

The passing of your great leader David O. McKay saddens 
all of us but reminds the world of his century of inspiring 
service to humanity and God. To you, the council, and his 
followers we send our deepest condolences and prayers for 
those who will continue his noble work. — E. Roland Harri- 
man, American National Red Cross, Washington, D.C. 

It was with a deep sense of personal loss that I learned 
of President McKay's death. His was a warm, perceptive 
and inspiring spirit that enriched the lives of countless 
thousands throughout the world. It was my great privilege 
to have known him, to have received his counsel, and to 
have felt his influence in my life. May I extend to you and 
your family my deepest sympathy. — Lane W. Adams, 
executive vice-president, American Cancer Society 

The officers and directors of United States Steel join me in 
expressing our profound sorrow over the passing of President 
David O. McKay and share with you and our many asso- 
ciates in Utah the loss of a true friend and great spiritual 
leader. His life and work were an inspiration to all. — Edwin 
H. Gott, chairman of the board, U.S. Steel Corporation 

Our deepest sympathy is extended to you and your asso- 
ciates, and to the members of his family, on the passing of 
President McKay. — Richard P. Cooley, president, Wells 
Fargo Bank 

Few men of our day can offer such an example of obedi- 
ence to the principles of Christianity as did President 
McKay. His passing will leave a void in the hearts of all 
who knew him. We will always cherish his memory and 
the realization that this man who stood for years as the 
spiritual leader of a strong, dynamic people has left us a 
rich heritage. He stands as an example to us all. He was 
a statesman, educator and spiritual leader, worthy of our 
admiration and respect. But most of all, his love of God 
and his devotion to his fellow man have set him out as one 
of the great leaders of our time. — Henry A. Thouron, presi- 
dent, Hercules Incorporated 

The passing of President McKay was a deep loss, not only 
to the members of his Church, but to all of those throughout 
the nation who had the privilege of admiring him. He was 
a truly great American and will be sadly missed. — James C. 
Hagerty, vice-president, American Broadcasting Companies, 

Our sincere condolences on the loss of your late leader. I 
am sure that the memory of his rich and full life will live for 
many generations in the hearts and minds of those who 
were touched by his. — A. W. Clausen, president, Bank of 

Please accept our deep sympathy. I'm sure there are few 
men in the world today more loved and respected. Few men 
have ever had the widespread influence for good or so effec- 
tively emulated the teachings of Jesus Christ as did David 
O. McKay. He was a great man. — Frank E. Barnett, chair- 
man of the board, Union Pacific Railroad Company 

Sincere sympathy in the loss of your great leader. — Na- 
tional Council of Women of United States, New York, N.Y. 

My deepest sympathy with you in the loss of a very won- 
derful president. — Stella Reading, dowager marchioness of 
Reading, London, England 

22 Era, February 1970 

First 4 volumes cover 
the Presidents from 
Joseph Smith to 
Joseph F. Smith. 


Plurality of Gods 

Sons of Perdition 


Revocation of Priesthood 

"One Mighty and Strong" 

Capital Punishment 

Games of Chance 

The Law of Adoption 

Joining Secret Societies 

The Origin of Man 

Blood Atonement 

Thousands of Other Doctrinal Points 
and Official Pronouncements as the 
Result of Modern Revelation. 

Hundreds of thousands of Latter-day Saints have never 
been exposed to all of the revelations, utterances, and 
official pronouncements of the leadership of the Church 
— past or present. Even well informed members will be 
surprised at the wealth of material available on subjects 
for which they believed no official viewpoint existed. 

There is no finer way to get to know the Church of Jesus 
Christ of Latter-day Saints than by glimpsing its growth 
thru the official pronouncement of its divinely-led leaders. 







1848 West 2300 South 

P. 0. Box 268 

Salt Lake City, Utah 84110 

Please send the following circled 

book(s) for which I enclose check 

or money order in the amount of $ 

VOL 1 2 3 4 @ $4.50 each 

all 4 for $15.99 (offer expires April 30, 1970) 




Residents of Utah add 4'/z% sales tax. 


m i 

Photos on pages 2, 77, 87, 92, 94; upper right, page 20, and at left, 
page 24, are by Jerry Harvey. The other photos on pages 20 and 
24 and all three photos on page 73 are by Eldon Linschoten. 

Sister Emma Ray McKay, in front of funeral bier, listens to funeral tributes 

Memories of a Prophet 

Legion are the stories, incidents, personal ex- 
periences and observations, worthy of report, 
concerning President David 0. McKay. The fol- 
lowing are only a handful of many such remem- 
brances that suggest in a small way the nature of 
the man and his soul. 

"There are men whose very presence warms the 
heart. President McKay is one of them. I spoke 
from the heart when, in the middle of a com- 
mencement address I was giving at Brigham 

Young University, I turned to him on the platform 
and said, 'David McKay, almost thou persuadest 
me to be a Mormon.' " — The late Cecil B. DeMille 

"I recall a heart-stopping moment when as the 
aged President McKay mounted the platform to 
address a group, he tripped on the stairs. There 
was a gasp from the people. But he stood up and 
faced the audience with that irrepressible smile. 
'It's awful to grow old,' he said ruefully, 'but I 
prefer it to the alternative.' " — Norman Vincent 
Peale (Continued on page 72) 


A Prayer for a Prophet, Simply 

By Dennis Drake 

". . . I bare you on eagles' wings, and 
brought you unto myself." (Exod. 19:4.) 

Autumn fires out in glory, 

Orange, yellow, magenta on a wooded hill. 

A breeze rustles precarious November leaves, and is still. 

Winged vision tends to the flame burning low, 

As the smoldering sun purples the sky; 

An aging eagle spirals high into evening, 

Out-topping mountains. 

No obstacle can bar his sight; 

The upward climb endows him light. 

He looks far down on evergreen jade, 

No further. 

Great love can overlook the shade. 

This eagle ages gracefully: 

White heads can grow no whiter 

And wisdom grows only wiser; 

His eyes reflect a higher light. 

Majestic, he soars in finer air, 

Higher than most birds dare, 

Communes with clouds, confides in stars. 

The years bring weakness with strength, 

Give meaning to life, delimit its length. 

... he grows old. 

Yet is he truth and passion, 

He glows in everlasting burnings of eternal fire! 

This eagle labors up his last ascent, 

Treading time for our mere sakes. 

For a brief century he was lent; 

Thank God for that time and that life! 

May he feel the love that flows 

To him on that flight. He goes 

More than an eagle; he is not all of this earth, 

Yet less than an eagle, for much of him remains behind. 

Oh, let him feel our faith, our prayers, our pride, 

When his arc ceases to be bold 

And the wings fold, and he dies. 

Era, February 1970 25 

Startled Awakening 

By Mary M. Pronovost 

/ dreamed my suitor would be 

A Romeo who would enthrone 
Me as his Juliet; enthrall 
My very being with his own. 
I visualized his classic look, 
His polished personality, 
Which, like the hero's in the 

Woidd make life radiant for me. 
But I was kissed awake by one 
Who wore a comfortable face 
And spoke his words of love and 

With unassuming, split-7°ail 

The prince I wed has country 

And laughing meadows in his 


Brothers and Sisters 
By Dennis Drake 

// ever you woidd hide your mind or heart 

In hate or shame or misplaced fear 

From all that I shoidd want to know of you — 

Oh, the loss to both of us; 

But dare reveal the depths of what you are, 

Then words are more than words, 

Can touch far deeper than ear and brain allow 

And tell worlds on worlds of what it is ive share. 

At this Valentine* 
time of the year, a selection of 


love of man and woman, 
love of others, love of self, 

love of country, love of God 


By Virginia Scott Miner 

A valentine to a young love — 

This is a promise made, 
Sure of itself and the years to come, 


A valentine to an old love — 
When tears have all been wept, 

This is the flag of faith and trust, 
A promise kept. 

Shall I Take My Degree 
in Theory? 

By Evalyn M. Sandberg 

Scholarship is important. 

I've always felt it so. 
And, in the dealings of God with man, 

it really helps to know 
things past and present and future. 

I'm certain, too, that we'll find 
continuing thought and study 

are vital to spirit and mind. 
But what percentage of effort 

dare I deploy that way, 
anticipating the question 

that awaits on judgment day ? 
For I have an uneasy feeling 

the main query may be: 
"And how did you prove your love 

of man — and, by extension, Me ?" 


A Note to Those Who Love Their 

By Mabel Jones Gabbott 

We have knoivn growing pains 

and freedom's anguish, 

and the pull 

of individual rights 

within the nation's whole. 

We knew the lash of tyranny and chaos, 

felt the full 

unselfish measure of devotion, 

heart and sold, 

of men who fought to make us free, 

who sacrificed 

to keep us one; 

Yet these unrests, 

an innate growing, 

were recognized, were won 

against the tensile strength 

of a country, right and good. 


in the present turmoil, 

can the past give guidance ? 

Could not any nation, 

struggling to stay righteous, 

know : 

the road to peace is trod on bended knee, 

ivith trust and faith in God? 

By John S. Harris 

A solitary man lives 

In a mediocrity of goodness: 

His sins are rare 

Without partners or victims, 

But his excellence too 

Remains dormant, unexercised. 

Is that why God created man? 

His universe was too lonely for His virtue, 

With only stars to receive his selflessness 

And empty void to feel an overwhelming love. 

For One Beloved 
By Jane Merchant 

It is not strange, perhaps, that you should feel 

I have small need of you, since I have learned 

To live with wounds no balm can ever heal, 

And yet remain immediately concerned 

With laughter and intensively involved 

With all the little daily joys by which 

The heart must live, being stubbornly resolved 

The narrowest life can be made full and rich. 

You are life's richness. But if you deplore 

What I have learned of self-sufficiency 

And wish that I relied upon you more, 

You rob me of hard-won maturity. 

I should not dare to keep your love, you know, 

Were I not sure that I could let it go. 

* February 14 is celebrated 
throughout much of the world as 
Valentine's Day. 

Era, February 1970 27 

New Regional Representative 


William Roberts, 
president of the Auckland 
(New Zealand) Stake, 
has been appointed to be a 
Regional Representative 
of the Council of the 
Twelve. Brother Roberts is 
assigned to the Auckland 
and Hamilton, New 
Zealand, regions. He is the 
first overseas Regional 
Representative to be 

called from his homeland. 
Brother Roberts, a 
retired New Zealand 
government officer, 
is presently manager of 
the Church's translation 
and distribution services in 
the South Seas, as 
well as the Church's real 
estate representative. 
He joined the Church 
in 1952. 

YWMIA Centennial Balls Throughout Church Note Founding 

Centennial balls in honor of the 100th anniversary 

of the Young Women's Mutual Improvement Association 

have highlighted the 1969-70 MIA year in nearly all 

stakes and missions throughout 

the Church. Thousands of Latter-day Saints 

have enjoyed the festivities that have 

generally included beautifully decorated halls, grand 

promenades of present and past Church leadership, 

floorshows featuring dance styles since 1869, 

centennial shops and eating nooks proffering 

of Auxiliary 

treats of a century ago, displays of YWMIA activities through 

the years, costumed dancers and participants, 

and the cutting and eating of large birthday cakes, 

sparkling with 100 candles. From Australia 

to Japan, the Philippines to Argentina, Johannesburg to 

Hamburg, and London to Pasadena, 

reports and pictures of the successful events have 

come to YWMIA headquarters. The "Century of 

Sisterhood" appears to be well implanted and 

well nourished for another 100 years. 


Australian Editor 

Graham Edis of the 
Payneham Ward, Adelaide 
(Australia) Stake, has 
been appointed managing 
editor of Adelaide's 
suburban newspaper group, 
Messenger Newspapers, 
Ltd. The chain publishes 
12 weekly newspapers. 

Foreign Economics 
Development Administrator 

Dr. Quentin M. West 
has been appointed 
administrator of the newly 
created Foreign Economics 
Development Service of 
the U.S. Department of 
Agriculture. The new agency 
will plan and coordinate 
all international 
agricultural development, 
technical assistance, 
and foreign training activities 
of the Department of 
Agriculture. Brother West 
has represented the 
United States in various 
world conferences. He is 
presently a Potomac Stake 
Boy Scout leader. 

Military Wife of the Year 

Jeanine H. Acomb has 
been named Fort Riley 
(Kansas) Military Wife of the 
Year. Sister Acomb, 
wife of Lt. Col. Kent M. 
Acomb, president of 
the Junction City (Kansas) 
Branch, won the honor 
for leadership in 
church, civic, and military 
affairs. She is also a 
mother of three children. 

President of Council 
of Graduate Schools 

John Boyd Page of 
the Ames (Iowa) Branch, 
Central States Mission, 
and dean of the graduate 
school as well as 
vice-president for 
research at Iowa State 
University, has been elected 
president of the Council 
of Graduate Schools 
in the United States. He 
will assume the 
presidency in July. Brother 
Page has made widely 
acclaimed advances in 
soil physics and soil 
chemistry research. 


"The Spoken Word" from 
Temple Square, presented 
over KSL and the Columbia 
Broadcasting System Octo- 
ber 26, 1969. © 1969. 

By Richard L. Evans 

"Has love lasted?" 

\ A / hen asked what was most difficult in 

\ /\ /marriage-"lt's the little things," she said. 
V wThe little traits and thoughtlessness, the 
annoying and abrasive trifles all of us seem to have 
—and if we emphasize the little things, they may 
become overly large. When we see a happy marriage 
—not perfect, but a solid, happy, lasting relationship— 
we may well ask what the answer is. There is much 
that makes a marriage. And always, as the years and 
seasons pass, there comes the question: "Has love 
lasted? If not," wrote D. Willson, "if not, what has 
lost it? What has been beautiful? What has been 
difficult? What has . . . life together given these two, 
. . . [what has it] taught them?" 1 Well, it must have 
taught that little things are often larger than they 
look: understanding, friendship, and companionship, 
along with love— and a little praise and kindness and 
encouragement. "Instead of saying to a bride, 'Hold 
your husband,' ... we should say, 'Love your hus- 
band,'" Margaret W. Jackson said. 2 And to a man: 
Be faithful, patient, gentle, kind, considerate, and 
clean. And there are some other essentials: honesty, 
truth, common convictions, character. In marriage one 
can scarcely overemphasize character, for without it, 
likely love won't last. "The most vicious enemy to 
home life is immorality," said President McKay. 3 "I 
think we are inclined to forget," said Mrs. Jackson, 
"that youth and beauty are [after] all . . . only lures. 
They are not binders. . . . We stress too much the 
externals and forget too much the realities. . . . There 
are greater hazards to marriage than attraction for 
other people" 2 — quarreling, pettiness, careless appear- 
ance, carelessness in money matters, carelessness in 
telling the truth. And virtue— always there must be 
virtue, many virtues— and always there must be for- 
giving on both sides. With these, with honesty and 
character, a marriage can survive both the large and 
little things, and be the most satisfying, the most 
lasting relationship of life. 

'D. Willson, "Recipes for Happy Marriage," Good Housekeeping, June 1934. 
2 Margaret W. lackson, "Marriage As It Ought To Be," Good Housekeeping, June 1933. 
President David O. McKay, general conference address, October 3, 1969. 

Era, February 1970 29 

& Review 






By Dr. Elliott D. Landau 

Improvement Era 

Contributing Editor 

Elder Mark E. Petersen of the Council of the Twelve 

• One of my professors was fond of 
saying, "A certain amount of fleas 
is good for a dog — it takes his mind 
off being a dog!" In today's tumultuous 
times, there is an analogy that oblique- 
ly parallels — if such is possible — this 
saying. From the shocking array of 
figures Elder Mark E. Petersen of the 
Council of the Twelve has amassed in 
his new and characteristically incisively 
worded, pungent assault on the Zeit- 
geist (the temper of our times) entitled 
Drugs, Drinks and Morals, 1 we are 
made aware that drugs, drinks, and 
morals are, like the fleas around a dog, 
taking the minds of youth off becoming 
"fit to enter His presence." 2 
When I am home with my ten-year- 

old son, we sometimes like to tussle 
and pummel each other with make- 
believe blows. Soon I become the 
fighter nearly hung up in the ropes, 
exhausted, beaten, and battered. Sud- 
denly, so the game goes, I recover and 
from nowhere come up with a mighty 
blow that ends the contest. Similarly, 
Elder Petersen's statistics nearly floor 
the reader. A large hospital reports an 
increase of 400 percent in the number 
of youngsters, ages 18 to 20, admitted 
with serious mental problems resulting 
from the use of drugs. The Associated 
Press recently reported that in one 
community where 3,000 babies are born 
annually, one child in every five will 
require mental health service because 

The hook Drugs, Drinks and Morals, by Elder Mark E. Petersen of the 
Council of the Twelve, has been selected by the Presiding Bishopric and 
the Unified Social Services department of the Church as a booklet that all 
parents and youth in the Church should be encouraged to read; hence, the 
booklet is the subject of this article. 

of the stimulants taken by the mothers. 
There are 6.5 million alcoholics in 
America, and their number grows by 
nearly a quarter of a million each year. 
In many American cities it is not un- 
usual for millions of men to spend up 
to $7.00 daily for liquor. In Buffalo, 
New York, a check showed that 55 per- 
cent of all accidents involve liquor. 
Are you in the ropes yet? The Surgeon 
General's Office of the United States 
Health Department reports that smok- 
ing causes 125,000 to 300,000 prema- 
ture deaths each year. Three hundred 
thousand coronary attacks, two million 
new cases of chronic bronchitis and 
emphysema, and one million cases of 
peptic ulcers are attributed to smoking. 
And still more — venereal disease is the 
nation's leading communicable disease, 
and reports indicate that children as 
young as ages eight, nine, and ten are 
contracting venereal disease through 
promiscuous sexual behavior. 

And Brother Petersen, of course, does 
come up with the neutralizing blow — 
the power and example set by the pre- 
cepts of The Church of Jesus Christ of 
Latter-day Saints. He says, " 'Thou 
shalt not commit adultery' will forever 
stand as an immutable law to all hu- 
man beings. This generation may 
rationalize itself into complete intoxi- 
cation with sin and proclaim to high 
heaven that it is old fashioned to be 
clean, but it will yet wake up to the 
stern reality that God does not change 
and that the moral laws are his and not 
man's to shift with every whim." 3 

In a series of drug crisis seminars 
held throughout the state of Utah by 
the Division of Continuing Education 
of the University of Utah, one could 
easily extract the essence of the many 
messages. Indeed, it is true that this is 
a topsy-turvy age; it is true that the 
media and the computer have pro- 
foundly affected our lives; it is true 
that scientific know-how has made it 
possible for mountaintop and basement 
laboratories to produce LSD, "cut" 
heroin, and dilute dosages of other 
types of drugs. Still, when there is 
"love at home," when there is constant 
dialogue between parents and children 
(contrasted with the usual verbal at- 
tention we give them when we talk 
"at" them only for things done wrong) , 
the chances of reverting to drugs and 
drinking as a way to solve the perplexi- 
ties of human existence are decreased. 

All humans face problems. Some 
find it impossible to locate anyone who 
will listen. Others can't bring them- 


selves to talk it over with anyone. One 
wife angrily said to her husband, "Why 
can't you be my friend instead of my 
husband?" Similarly, merely being bio- 
logical parents doesn't guarantee that 
our children will turn to us as part of 
the solution to their problems. Ado- 
lescents, particularly, face conflicting 
emotions as they meet the problems of 
friendships, ambitions, sexual conduct, 
and social standards. On the one 
hand, they wish to be independent in 
their solutions. On the other hand, 
they want and need to be dependent. 
At times you can see what only a few 
years previous was a little boy who now 
views himself through the glare of a 
hostile adolescent's eyes. Not being 
able to be cuddled, coddled, or com- 
pletely cut-off, too many young people 
seek a magical solution to the lumps 
of life, and they find it in drugs. This 
reversion to pharmacothymic "craving 
for drugs, craving for magic" answers is 
all too often symptomatic of the fact 
that at home, for one reason or an- 
other, there isn't the kind of rapport 
necessary to open the pathways to deep 
parent-child communication. Readers- 
beware! I have not said that good 
people can't raise poor children. I 
have said that even fine folks may not 
realize that despite their moral earnest- 
ness they may not have created a home 
environment in which their children 
will willingly "open up." 

In general there are three types of 
family cultures. These are: 

1. The authoritarian family. In this 
type of family the father is clearly at 
the head of the house. He is the abso- 
lute authority. What he says is done 
because he says it. Rhyme and rea- 
son are unimportant. If he says it, it 
is law, it is "the word." The concept of 
the priesthood in this family is here 
construed as divine authority. As a 
result of this authoritarian behavior, 
the children in this house learn not 
how to communicate but how to evade 
the master. Authoritarian rule breeds 
submissiveness, evasiveness, dependence 
rather than independence, honesty, and 
forthrightness. On all family success 
evaluations, the authoritarian family 
rates low on most items valued by the 
standards noted above. In this family 
drug and drinking problems are ways 
of escaping tyranny. 

2. The authoritative family. In this 
type of family there is a positive sense 
of direction and authority blended with 
participatory democracy. Here the 
children know who is "boss," but they 

also know the reasons for his behavior. 
Lines are clearly defined, consistencies 
evident, and yet the rationality of be- 
havior is a matter for all to understand. 
In this type of family there is freedom 
and restraint in fair measure. Here 
children can explore their problems in 
an accepting atmosphere where "no" is 
always accompanied by a sensible 
explanation. On measures of family 
success, this family scores very high. 

3. The permissive family. This is 
clearly the least desirable family style, 
the one most likely to encourage drugs, 
drinking, and immorality. There is no 
concept in this home of any authority 
lines. Freedom abounds in measures 
far beyond what children need. In- 
variably drug-addicted youngsters face 
these families with the cry, "Why 
didn't you stop me?" A tolerance for 
everything and anything breeds chil- 
dren with no discriminatory powers. 
Even the authoritarian home is more 
desirable than the permissive family 

Speaking at a stake conference just 
prior to becoming a member of the 
Church, I recollect saying, "The prob- 
lem with the Mormons who already 
consider themselves peculiar is that 
they are not peculiar enough." Latter- 
day Saints have a clear message for 
these modern times. There is no ade- 
quate reason for changing this message. 
In fact, the dilemma of modern man is 
precisely that of being chagrined by the 
chaos of an undisciplined society yet 
refusing to obey eternal commandments. 
The dilemma of the modern Mormon 
lies in his comprehension of the need 
for clear-cut dogma concerning some 
of man's perennial problems of moral- 
ity and his desire not to be seen as one 
who overly accedes to authority. 

Elder Mark E. Petersen tells it as it 
is regarding drugs, drinks, and morals. 
His answer hasn't changed because 
that answer is simply that the Saints 
particularly need to move closer to the 
fundamentals of the gospel of Jesus 
Christ. There is nothing we need look 
back to; there is no return to any 
Camelot; there is only the resolution 
to pattern our individual lives after a 
carpenter's simple ways. An old 
farmer once put it this way: "It ain't 
what I knowed that done me in, 'twas 
what I knowed that I didn't do nuthin' 
about." O 

1 Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Company, 

2 Drugs, Drinks and Morals, p. 76. 

3 Ibid., p. 74. 

Era, February 1970 31 


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Lest We Forget 


Wilford Woodruff 


By Albert L. Zobell, Jr. 

Research Editor 

• As one contemplates the 
restoration of the gospel— 
the incomparable revelations from 
on high, the counsel and the 
sermons of the early leaders of 
the Church, all of which 
have become a way of life for the 
Latter-day Saints— one ponders 
how marvelously it has been 
preserved and recorded. 
Much of it came amid a backdrop 
of events that were tempered 
with oppression and fed by 
hatreds born of the 
misunderstanding of those who 
shared that American frontier. 

In a reminiscent mood, 
Elder Wilford Woodruff of the 
Council of the Twelve addressed 
Saints of the Southern Utah 
Mission, assembled at St. George, 
on the Sabbath afternoon 
of June 10, 1877. There 
he recalled that whenever he 
had heard the Prophet Joseph Smith 
deliver a sermon or a prophecy, 
or give a revelation, he had 
written it in his personal journal. 
He believed that he had a 
special gift from God, 
because even when he did not 
have a pencil and paper with him, 
he could, after hearing the 
Prophet, go home and write the 
Prophet's words almost verbatim; 
but after he had completed the 
writing, the sermon would 
pass from his mind, as though 
he had never heard it. 

At the time he did these 
things in the early days of the 

Church, he apparently 

did not understand that this 

habit of recording the words of 

the Prophet Joseph Smith 

was a calling directly from God. 

But as he saw the subsequent 

history of the Church unfold, 

Illustrated by Dale Kilbourn 

32 Era, February 1970 

wherein many of the records 
were lost, sometimes through the 
apostasy of those charged 
with the responsibility of keeping 
them, he discovered the 
importance of his journals. 
Where the Church did not 
have historical records, the 
Wilford Woodruff journals proved 
very serviceable as a substitute. 

Elder Woodruff related 
that he had stood in the 
congregation as the Prophet Joseph 
Smith had eulogized King 
Follett, all the time recording the 

Elder Follett had died in 
an accident at Nauvoo on 
March 9, 1844, and his funeral 
had been held the following 
day. Then on Sunday, 
April 7, 1844, during the general 
conference, the Prophet took 
occasion to address about 
twenty thousand Saints in what 
has become known as the 
"King Follet Discourse." 
The open-air meeting began at 
"quarter past three p.m." 

The footnote on page 302 
of the Documentary History of the 
Church, Volume 6, says: "This 
was not a stenographic 
report, but a carefully and 
skillfully prepared one made by 
these men [Willard Richards, 
Wilford Woodruff, Thomas 
Bullock, and William Clayton] 
who were trained in reporting and 
taking notes. Evidently, there 
are some imperfections 
in the report and some thoughts 
expressed by the Prophet 
which were not fully rounded 
out and made complete. . . ." 

The sermon, as it was there 
written, fills 16 pages of the 
Documentary History of the 

"The difference between 
President Brigham Young and 
myself," Elder Woodruff 
told the members at St. George, 

was that, in substance, 
President Young remembered 
the sayings of the Prophet Joseph 
in a most wonderful manner, 
while he, Elder Woodruff, 
had written the sayings of 
the Prophet. 

Elder Woodruff was called as 
a member of the Council of 
the Twelve in April 1839. 
He was President of the Council 
of the Twelve at the passing of 
President John Taylor in 
July 1887 and became President 

of the Church April 7, 1889. 
He kept an accurate journal of his 
activities in the Church 
beginning in 1833. On 
August 31, 1898, he recorded 
in his journal, in one of its last 
entries, that he wrote three 
letters from San Francisco, 
California. Two days later, 
President George Q. Cannon, his 
first counselor, penned in the 
journal that President Woodruff 
had passed away peacefully 
at 6:40 a.m., September 2, 1898. O 

Spoken Word 

"The Spoken Word" from 
Temple Square, presented over 
KSL and the Columbia Broad- 
casting System November 2, 1969. 

"If something needs doing . . ." 

By Richard L. Evans 

If something needs doing, do it; the more plainly, directly, honestly, 
the better." 1 These words of David Starr Jordan suggest two facets of 
an insistent subject, namely, the remorse that comes from doing what 
we shouldn't do, and the frustration that comes from not doing what 
we should do. To look a moment at the latter: There are many reasons 
for not moving forward effectively: timidity, indolence, indecision, lack 
of encouragement, fear of failure. But foremost among them would 
seem to be indecision. And so the years go by, with many wishing to 
do differently, to develop, to lift their lives; but habits, obligations, in- 
difference, or sometimes simply not knowing how, keep many from 
trying, from getting going. We all waste time in indecision. We all waste 
opportunities, and if we would put a meter on ourselves, we would 
find we waste much time in brooding, drifting, wishing, worrying. And 
too often we seem resigned to settling for what we are rather than for 
what we could become. And yet, all progress, all improvement in any 
process have come because someone assumed that something could be 
better done and was willing to try to do it— often humble, unpretentious 
people who simply used a little common sense. On the personal side, 
we often excuse ourselves for delaying what we know we ought to do 
—delaying learning, teaching, taking time for our children; delaying the 
settling of quarrels, clearing up misunderstandings with our loved ones, 
being a little kinder; delaying breaking bad habits, meeting obligations, 
repenting, keeping the commandments, and finding personal peace. 
". . . men should ... do many things of their own free will" 2 — and life 
can take on new and solid satisfaction if we commit ourselves to facing 
facts, to doing what should be done. "If something needs doing, do it; 
the more plainly, directly, honestly, the better." 

1 Dr. David Starr Jordan, The Call of the Twentieth Century. 
2 Doctrine and Covenants 58:27. 

Era, February 1970 33 


Conducted by the 
Church School System 

• Goal setting has long been recog- 
nized as one of the marks of good 
leadership. Such slogans as "Reach 
for the Stars," "Set Your Sights 
High," and "Think Big" have been 
used to encourage leaders to set 

By Seth D. Redford 

Coordinator of seminaries and institutes 
in Western Oregon and Eastern Idaho 

their goals high. The leaders who 
are most successful are those who 
have well-defined goals, and it is 
through a process of planning that 
goal setting becomes a vital part of 
any success formula. 

A short time ago, while riding to 
Boise, Idaho, from Salt Lake City, 
the writer asked his traveling com- 
panion, "What do you want to be 
in life?" 

"I do not really know," replied 


the companion. "I have never really 
thought about it. I get up in the 
morning, do my work during the 
day, and go to bed at night. I have 
never really stopped to wonder just 
what I do want to be." 

Statements like this are startling 
to Latter-day Saints. Most of them 
have been practicing goal setting 
since their childhood. 

A group of men were hunting 
chukar partridge on the Owyhee 
slopes of southern Idaho. Just as 
they left their car, a large flock of 
partridge took to the air. One 
hunter pointed his gun at the whole 
flock and pulled the trigger. Not a 
feather dropped. What was wrong? 
How could he have missed? He 
was "flock shooting." Any experi- 
enced hunter has learned this les- 
son: If you want to have partridge 
for supper, you must set your 
sights on one bird at a time, lead 
him, and then carefully squeeze 
the trigger. Goal setting is like 
hunting: if you want to accomplish 
a task, center your attention upon 
the objective. 

President Paul H. Dunn of the 
First Council of the Seventy has 
given a good example of bull's-eye 
goal setting by drawing three cir- 
cles, one inside the other. He said, 
"In the outer circle are 'things that 
are nice to know.' In the next 
circle are 'things that we should 
know.' But in the center circle are 
'things we must know.' ' Teachers 
must first focus their teaching upon 
the things students must know. A 
teacher who concentrates on the 
pure doctrine of Christ (from the 
standard works of the Church) will 
find his goals reached in the testi- 
monies of the lives of his students. 

Jim Jones, in his book If You Can 
Count to Four, states, "You can be 
successful if you can count to four." 
He lists four keys to achieving a 

1. Identify your objective. 

2. Act like the person who has 

already reached the goal. 

3. Don't let anyone talk you out 
of it. 

4. Listen for the ideas from the 
subconscious which will help you 
achieve your desired goal. 

LDS leadership would rephrase 
the fourth item of Mr. Jones' dis- 
cussion: Listen to the promptings 
of the Holy Spirit, and it will guide 
you toward your righteous goals. 

Goals are set in five major areas: 
lifetime goals, annual goals, month- 
ly goals, weekly goals, and daily 

1. Lifetime goals. Every teacher 
and every leader should set life- 
time goals. A lifetime goal for a 
Latter-day Saint should be to some- 
time dwell with God and his Son 
Jesus Christ in the highest degree 
of the celestial kingdom. Such a 
lofty goal is not reached in a single 

"For he will give unto the faith- 
ful line upon line, precept upon 
precept; and I will try you and 
prove you herewith. 

"And whoso layeth down his life 
in my cause, for my name's sake, 
shall find it again, even life eternal." 
(D&C 98:12-13.) 

2. Annual goals. Annual goals 
point the direction for a single year. 
Teachers would do well to meditate 
for some time upon needs before 
setting their annual goals. Annual 
goals for a teacher may read some- 

10 Working Conditions 

Appreciation for good work 

Filling in on things 

Help with personal problems 

Job security 

Good wages 

Work that keeps them interested 

Possibility for promotion 

Personal loyalty to workers 

Good working conditions 

Tactful discipline 

thing like the following items: 

a. I will prepare a lesson plan 
for each class taught during the 
coming year. 

b. I will give each student my 
personal attention. 

c. I will see that the class offi- 

"Monthly goal planning 

should answer 

the 'W formula: what, 

where,when,why, who?" 

cers are carefully chosen and 
trained and that they function in 
their assignments. 

d. I will live my life in such a 
way that I may have the constant 
companionship of the Holy Spirit 
in preparation and in delivery. 

e. I will live as an example for 
each of the students whom I teach. 

A few years ago, at a western 
states convention for supervisors at 
Denver, Colorado, the following 
chart in human relations was dis- 
played. It depicts the things that 
supervisors and workers think are 
important. With this kind of 
knowledge, a supervisor may be 
more qualified to set his yearly 


as felt by the 




as felt by the 





















Era, February 1970 35 

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3. Monthly goals. Class officers 
and teachers and the organizational 
leadership should sit down in a 
monthly planning conference, where 
the goals for the month should be 
set. Leaders should keep in mind 
that monthly goals are part of the 
annual goals that have already been 
set. Monthly goal planning should 
take into consideration the season 
of the year, the current monthly 
meetings of the organization, and 
the areas that need particular at- 
tention. Monthly goals should be 
more concerned with specific events 
and conditions of the particular 
month. Such goal planning should 
answer the "W" formula questions: 
What, Where, When, Why, Who, 
and possibly How. Leadership will 
be more successful if sufficient time 
is given for the monthly planning 
meeting and if all necessary leader- 
ship is present. In this meeting 
annual goals are narrowed down to 
more specific action, and the bull's- 
eye of responsibility is identified. 

The story is told of a great king 
who was teaching his three sons in 
the forest. He said to the first son, 
"Raise your bow to your shoulder 
but do not fire." The son raised 
his bow to his shoulder. "What do 
you see?" asked the father. 

"I see a great eagle against the 
blue sky background," replied the 

"Hold your fire," said the father. 
Repeating the same to the second 
son, the father said, "What do you 

"I see an eagle flying high in the 

The father said, "Hold your fire." 
He said to the third son, "Raise your 
bow to your shoulder but do not 
fire. What do you see?" 

And the third son said, "I see the 
wing bone, where the wing is con- 
nected to the body." (This is a 
vital spot on the eagle. ) The father 
said, "Fire, my son." 

The goal or objective during the 


monthly planning meeting must be 
clearly defined if the leader would 
accomplish the task. 

4. Weekly goals. During the 
weekly planning meetings, goals are 
not usually set. Rather, these 
meetings are check-up meetings to 
(a) see if goals are being accom- 
plished, (b) determine what items 
need to be rescheduled, and (c) 
make new assignments. Weekly 
planning sessions should be sche- 
duled at a definite time when all 
of the leadership can be present. 

5. Daily goals. To keep in the 
area of "must know" or "must do," 
daily goals are set. Most generally, 
such goal setting is confined to the 
individual. One great statesman 
said, "I sit down each morning and 
say to myself, 'What are the five 
most important things I must do 
today?' " Then he marks them down 
in the order of their importance. As 
he starts his daily work he concen- 
trates on the most important thing 
first. This kind of daily goal setting 
keeps him in the area of the most 
important thing first. 

If we would reach exaltation and 
eternal life, we must know "of 
things both in heaven and in the 
earth, and under the earth; things 
which have been, things which are, 
things which must shortly come to 
pass. . . ." (D&C 88:79.) "The glory 
of God is intelligence, or, in other 
words, light and truth." (D&C 
93:36. ) "It is impossible for a man 
to be saved in ignorance." (D&C 
131:6.) ". . . men are, that they 
might have joy." (2 Ne. 2:25.) Joy 
comes from achievement. We can- 
not be satisfied with being medi- 
ocre. We must strive to be more 

When we teach, let us remem- 
ber we are teaching a child of God. 
When we administer in the offices 
assigned to us in the Church, we 
are acting in the name of God. This 
earth is a testing ground for each 
individual in the human family. 

Every son and daughter of God is 
important. Our Heavenly Father 
loves us and wants us to live the 
full measure of our creation. "And 
this is life eternal, that they might 
know thee the only true God, and 
Jesus Christ, whom thou hast sent." 
(John 17:3.) 

Goals that are set upon the bull's- 
eye of need, in the "must know," 
"must do" area, will help teachers 
and leaders become successful in 
their assignments. Students who are 
taught by teachers with an eternal 
goal and a celestial plan are favored 
in the sight of God. O 

Spoken Word 

"The Spoken Word" from Temple 
Square, presented over KSL and 
Columbia Broadcasting System. 
November 23, 1969© 1969. 

The world owes me a living . . . ? 

By Richard L. Evans 

There is this— so often said— or supposed: "The world owes me 
a living." But when God gave man the earth he said, ". . . 
subdue it." 1 And subduing a world takes work. It was not 
intended that we should have all the earth has to offer, without effort. 
Work is a blessing, an absolute essential. But who or what is this world 
that is supposed to owe all of us everything? Surely parents owe chil- 
dren love and care and encouragement— providing for and teaching 
and training. Surely children owe parents respect and love and kindly 
attention, and care, as may be needed, especially later in life. No 
parent should be left in loneliness. And surely men owe other men 
compassionate service and assistance. But if we are speaking of this 
wonderful planet, it is very impersonal. And it will not produce every- 
thing for all of us— or for any of us— without work. But if, when we 
say the world owes us a living, we are talking about people, this is 
all of us together. And all of us owe it to ourselves to make the most 
of ourselves. And since there are always those who, in one way or 
another, are unable fully to care for themselves, we need to produce 
more than we consume, and everyone who can should do all he can. 
But it isn't reasonable for anyone simply to sit down and say, "The 
world owes me a living." There is no magic about it. Someone has 
to think; someone has to plan; someone has to save; someone has to 
plow and plant; someone has to manage. Someone has to do every- 
thing. Everything has to be done. Nothing does itself. Someone has to 
produce or pay for everything in one way or another. There is an ex- 
change of values in all relationships of life, and instead of saying the 
world owes me a living, this could be a very good time to say thank 
God for being alive, for opportunity, and for the willingness to make 
the most of it. To cite part of an old poem: 

". . . For great and low there's but one test 

'Tis that each one shall do his best; 

Who works with all the strength he can, 

Shall never die in debt to man." 2 

'Gen. 1:28. 
2 Author unknown. 

Era, February 1970 37 

How to Get aGoin^ 
Family Organization 

By Bill R. Linder 

• Did you know that you can form a family association 
with as few as two or three people? Since in a wink 
you can think of at least one or more others who are 
interested in one of your family lines, here's what you 
and a group can do and how it will help you in your 
genealogical research. . 

First, find out who are the others who are interested 
in the line you choose to work on (choose only one 
line). Not long ago Mrs. Anne B. Inman, then presi- 
dent of Mississippi's largest chapter of the Daughters 

of the American Revolution, told me she had never 
started work on a new line without discovering that 
there was someone already working on it who had 
"set the stage." Many times there is not just one 
person; there are several at work. "The problem," Mrs. 
Inman, a researcher for many years, said, "is finding 
those workers before you go over the same ground 
they've discovered." 

How do you find them? Most of the time it's easy. 
The most widely used and most successful finding 
aids are the numerous genealogical publications on 
the market. There are national, regional, state, county, 
city— you name it— genealogical periodicals available, 
nearly all of which carry "query" sections. If your 
line runs into a particular locale, advertise that fact in 
the appropriate periodicals, and search the periodicals 
to see if other people are advertising for you. 

Provision will* also be made under the Genealogical 
Society's new GIANT system for persons working on 
the same lines to make contact with each other. This 
will replace the former Pedigree Referral Service. 

If, after considerable searching, you don't find any- 

Bill R. Linder has founded several successful family organiza- 
tions and research teams. He originated the idea for the 
World Conference on Records and served as its program 
chairman until October 1968. Formerly publications editor 
for the Genealogical Society, he now lives in Vienna, Virginia, 
and is a management analyst with the National Archives and 
Records Service in Washington, D.C. 


one working on the line you select, you are not yet 
to the family organization stage for that line. But if 
you do find several people, and if they live close by, 
the next step is to call a meeting in your home. If the 
people you find are scattered from Falls Church, 
Virginia, to San Diego, California, omit the meeting 
and start writing letters. Either way, you and your 
new friends should decide on a plan of action. 

At this point, how you go about organizing and the 
selection of officers are minor considerations. The 
foremost action items are to get together ( or in touch ) 
with at least one or two others, decide what you are 
going to do, write it down, divide up the work, and 
then go to work. 

Once your research team has started work, you 
have planted the seed for an eventual going organiza- 
tion. Now that you are underway, as you discuss plans 
and actually work with fellow team members, you'll 
find that ideas snowball. Officers, dues, a quarterly 
newsletter, a family reunion— all of these will come in 
due time. Over a period of months or years, your 
official family organization will emerge. 

The family organization generally has as its major 
goal the compiling and recording of genealogical and 
historical information pertaining to the common an- 
cestors of its members. Cooperation in genealogical 
research through the family organization is one of the 
most successful means of extending and proving pedi- 
grees and compiling family genealogies. The family 
organization promotes coordination of research among 
individuals researching the same family lines, affords 
opportunities for specialization in research, pools time 
and money resources, channels wise use of resources, 
and fosters fellowship and understanding among its 
members. Frequent association with other members in 
family organizations, through both personal contact 
and correspondence, brings definite feelings of con- 
cern for family and greater appreciation of family ties. 
By working with others of the group, each member 
becomes family oriented and feels he is a part of a big 
family operation. 

The family organization or research team specializ- 

ing in one surname is a sound, logical way to solve 
"dead-end" problems. The Taylors, the Williamses, the 
Stephenses, the Hayneses, the Stewarts, and many 
others have such groups underway. These are united 
efforts to squeeze out of the existing available records 
all the genealogical data pertaining to a given family. 
Within a relatively short time, a cooperating group of 
researchers is able to become the research center for 
the family. Usually, central files are established and 
indexes and cross-reference files are made. Coopera- 
tion is the byword. Free sharing and exchange of in- 
formation is the order of the day. The genealogical 
community benefits greatly from these groups. Every- 
one does. So will you. Have fun! O 

Getting Started 

EXAMPLE. Many members of the Locke family, descendants 
of Thomas Locke of Virginia, who migrated westward, are 
living in Missouri. Bryan Locke, a young man from Jefferson 
City, Missouri, for several months sought correspondents to 
find out more about the Locke family and to meet some of his 
Locke relatives. He compiled a card file of names and 
addresses of over 100 living persons to whom he was related. 
Bryan discovered that about 20 of these were very interested 
in the family. The family organization plan seemed very 
logical to Bryan, and since he had discovered no such 
organization already in existence, a special meeting was 
called to organize. To set up the special meeting, Bryan sent 
detailed letters to the 20 vitally interested persons, outlining 
the advantages of organizing. He mentioned some possible 
goals the organization could set and his ideas of a sound 
organization structure. When all the arrangements were 
made, all the persons whose names appeared in the file of 
addresses were invited to the meeting. Twenty-six persons 
attended the special meeting, and a fully organized Thomas 
Locke Family Organization was the result. 

EXAMPLE. Several descendants of the Wimberly family of 
early Georgia were in frequent communication by mail, in- 
forming one another of family activities and assisting each 
other in Wimberly genealogical research. These individuals 
were widely scattered geographically — two living in Texas, 
one in California, several in Georgia and Florida, and one 
each in Idaho and Utah. Occasionally other individuals from 
yarious areas would join in the correspondence. The idea was 
put forth to organize the Wimberly family. Among themselves 
and by mail, these corresponding individuals agreed on ap- 
pointments to. fill the offices that all felt were necessary. 
An efficient Wimberly Family Organization was soon in opera- 
tion. With the pooling of effort and wise use of resources, 
the organization rapidly gained momentum and membership. 
Within a few months, the organization boasted a membership 
of 75, with a quarterly family publication keeping the mem- 
bers interested and informed, and yet none of the officers 
had ever met. 

Success Tips 

1. Involve as many family members as possible in activities 
and research projects. 

2. Provide definite and worthwhile services for contributing 

3. Establish active communications through a quarterly 
family periodical. 

4. Acquire youth, enthusiasm for genealogy, and leadership 
qualities in leadership positions. 

Era, February 1970 39 


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less than $20 a month! 

Beneficial Life's new Gold Leaf term series is a new idea 
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But economy aside, the Gold Leaf term policy offers 
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including policy fee. 

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Please send me detailed information on your Gold Leaf 
reducing term series. 








* Delegates to the United States Con- 
ference on Alcohol Problems in Wash- 
ington, D.C., in the fall of 1968 were 
given the following data concerning 
man's relationship with alcohol: 

"Alcohol is the largest single factor 
in the deaths of three Americans per 
hour on the highway." 

"Alcohol causes at least half of the 
1,000 weekly auto fatalities." 

"Over 10 percent of the adult drink- 
ing population are alcoholics." 

"Alcohol is the chief contributor to 
poverty which, in turn, drives men to 
desperate and violent actions to ac- 
quire money or possessions." 

"Alcohol is a significant contributor 
to the more than $7 billion in industrial 
losses per year." 

"Even a little 'social drinking' can 
result in a vast amount of brain dam- 

At the conference, a former justice 
of the high court of Punjab, India, noted 
that the greatest contributors to the 
alcohol problem are the "apathy and 
indifference of the common man." (Re- 
search Report, Number 20, published by 
National Liberty Life Insurance Com 
pany, Valley Forge, Pennsylvania.) O 

40 Era, February 1970 

Marion D. Hanks, Editor 

Elaine Cannon, Associate Editor 

We love you, mini-moneyed students, 
You maxi-hearted missionaries 
(No mini-spirits, you!), 
You uptight, earth-bound visionaries, 
And you who pluck guitar strings, 
As well as you who make the scenes; 
You whose fingers boast ten rings, 
You who work on cars and things, 

and you who sell 

and you who paint, 

or work on docks 

unloading freight, 

or hoe the corn, 

or sing the songs, 

or count the cash, 

or right the wrongs 

Era, February 1970 41 

We love you . . . every one! 

All you who tend the stables, control cab] 

Tell kids fables, paint old gables, 

Sew on labels, read of Babel, 

Pitch the ball or just walk tall — 

We love you . . . every one! 

We love you best for your involvement, 
You who care about your "neighbor," 
Whatever his race or type or status; 
For his rights you're quick to labor. 

Oh, we love your high-blown idiom, 
Oh, wow! you tell it like it is. 
It's your syndrome, it's your fancy 
Phrases earmarked hers and his. 

We love 

Your penchant for authenticity, 

Your sophisticated simplicity, 

Your up-with-change, down-on-duplicity, 

Your joie de vivre felicity— 

We love you . . . every one! 

Though we weary being relevant, 
Tire of dialogue and rhetoric prevalent 
With words well-worn of vague define, 
We send you all this Valentine— 
We love you . . . every one! 

Era, February 1970 43 

• Much energy and effort are expended by our modern civiliza- 
tion in penetrating outer space, plumbing the ocean's depths, 
exploring the polar regions, and investigating the infinite com- 
plexities of our nuclear world. While all of this goes on, a 
multitude of social ills beset our society and pose particular 
problems for many of our young generation who are threatened 
by them. 

How do wise young men feel about these various challenges? 
What kind of "trip" most effectively captures their imaginations? 

For those who get a fair exposure to Exploring (like the 
ones in the accompanying photographs), the answer is loud 
and clear: they'll take the lure of real adventure anytime — and 
do so in preference to car, girlfriend, or other extraneous elements 
in their lives that can be set aside temporarily in pursuit of true 

History, ancient and modern, offers its select list of heroes 
for rugged, right-thinking youth to follow, and two of the most 
significant of these heroes figure importantly in the Lake Powell 
country. John Wesley Powell explored the Green and Colorado 
rivers in 1869, making a perilous exploration of the Grand Canyon 




of the Colorado. Another man 
named Powell — Robert Baden- 
Powell — a general returning to 
England from Africa in the 
early 1900s, saw a need for a 
program in Great Britain that 
would develop manhood and 
maturity in young men, and so 
he organized Scouting for boys. 
Shortly after Boy Scouting 
came to America in 1910, it 
was adopted by the Church 
and has been a vital part of the 
Church's work with young men 
ever since. 

Explorer Scouting, a program 
with special appeal for mature 
Scouts, encompasses physical 
programs of sports and outdoor 
activities, exposure to voca- 
tional pursuits vital in our 
technical age, social life, in- 
cluding wholesome association 
with young women, and spiri- 
tual development necessary in 
building good character and 
good citizenship. 

Exploring for young men can 
mean challenging a wilderness 
habitat, learning the ways of 
the wilds under the direction 
of qualified adults. As an exam- 
ple of the real pioneering in- 
volved, four national Explorer 
landmarks have been located 
and named by Explorer groups 
within the state of Utah during 
the past 20 years: Explorer 
Peak, 12,879 feet high in the 
midst of the Uintah wilderness 
area; George Albert Smith 
Arch, centered in the new Can- 
yonlands National Park; Ex- 
plorer Canyon, through which 
flows the lower Escalante River, 
highlighted in the July 1967 
edition of National Geographic 

Era, February 1970 45 

magazine; and Shaw Arch, lo- 
cated in the Grand Gulch of the 
San Juan River. 

Since World War II, avail- 
able leadership and equipment 
have permitted many thousands 
of young men to explore the 
Colorado River and its tribu- 
taries, and thousands more are 
regularly plying the great 186- 
mile Lake Powell Reservoir, 
formed by the building of Glen 
Canyon Dam. 

How are adventure pro- 
grams promoted and accom- 
plished in Exploring? The blend 
of challenge and effort and ex- 
perienced leadership revealed 
in the answer explains the lure 
of true Exploring. 

First, there is reconnoitering 
by aircraft. Research is done on 
maps and photographs, and 
experts are called. 

The Explorers are trained and 
equipped to enter the chosen 
area with a planned schedule 
of Exploring day by day. For 
instance, in the recent initial 
investigation of unexplored 
Dark Canyon, on upper Lake 
Powell, Explorers traveled by 
bus 300 miles, by sheriff's jeep 
patrol 100 miles, hiked 30 miles 
with back packs, and were 
evacuated at the completion of 
the expedition by power boats 
for 15 miles. Aircraft checked 
the group en route. 

For young men with a yen 
for real adventure and a yearn- 
ing for doing something worth 
remembering, something that 
stretches their brainpower, in- 
genuity, courage, and endur- 
ance, Explorer Scouting is a 
first-rate answer! O 





'as born 

February 12, 11 

d assas- 

sinated April 1 

* Y 

5. With 

the legacy of 


on pre- 

served from d 

on, this 

perhaps greate 



presidents left posterity some 
of the truly noble literature of 
the ages. One of his most 
significant gifts is the ad- 
dress he delivered at his sec- 
ond inaugural. We reprint it 
here with the hope and prayer 
that the genius and inspiration 
of it will reach Latter-day youth 
across a troubled world. It 
can if you will read it thought- 
fully. Please do. — The Editors 

• Fellow-Countrymen: At this second appearing to take the oath of the presi- 
dential office, there is less occasion for an extended address than there was 
at the first. Then a statement somewhat in detail of a course to be pursued 
seemed very fitting and proper. Now, at the expiration of four years, during 
which public declarations have been constantly called forth on every point and 
phase of the great contest which still absorbs the attention and engrosses the 
energies of the nation, little that is new could be presented. 

The progress of our arms, upon which all else chiefly depends, is as well 
known to the public as to myself; and it is, I trust, reasonably satisfactory and 
encouraging to all. With high hope for the future, no prediction in regard to 
it is ventured. 

On the occasion corresponding to this, four years ago, all thoughts were 
anxiously directed to an impending civil war. AIJ dreaded it; all sought to 
avoid it. While the inaugural address was being delivered from this place, 
devoted altogether to saving the Union without war, insurgent agents were in 
the city seeking to destroy it without war — seeking to dissolve the Union and 
divide the effects by negotiation. Both parties deprecated war; but one of 
them would make war rather than let the nation survive, and the other would 
accept war rather than let it perish; and the war came. 

One eighth of the whole population were colored slaves, not distributed 
generally over the Union, but localized in the southern part of it. These slaves 
constituted a peculiar and powerful interest. All knew that this interest was 
somehow the cause of the war. To strengthen, perpetuate, and extend this 
interest, was the object for which the insurgents would rend the union even 
by war, while the government claimed no right to do more than to restrict the 
territorial enlargement of it. 

Neither party expected for the war the magnitude or the duration which 
it has already attained. Neither anticipated that the cause of the conflict 
might cease with, or even before, the conflict itself should cease. Each looked 
for an easier triumph, and a result less fundamental and astounding. 

Both read the same Bible and pray to the same God, and each invokes 
his aid against the others. It may seem strange that any men should dare to 
ask a just God's assistance in wringing their bread from the sweat of other 
men's faces; but let us judge not, that we be not judged. The prayers of 
both could not be answered. That of neither has been answered fully. The 
Almighty has his own purposes. "Woe unto the world because of offenses, for 
it must needs be that offenses come; but woe to that man by whom the offense 
cometh." If we shall suppose that American slavery is one of these offenses, 
which in the providence of God must needs come, but which, having continued 
through his appointed time, he now wills to remove, and that he gives to both 
North and South this terrible war as the woe due to those by whom the offense 
came, shall we discern therein any departure from those divine attributes 
which the believers in a living God always ascribe to him? Fondly do we hope, 
fervently do we pray, that this mighty scourge of war may soon pass away. 
Yet, if God will that it continue until all the wealth piled by the bondman's two 
hundred and fifty years of unrequited toil shall be sunk, and until every drop 
of blood drawn with the lash shall be paid with another drawn with the sword; 
as was said three thousand years ago, so still it must be said, "The judgments 
of the Lord are true and righteous altogether." 

With malice toward none, with charity for all, with firmness in the right 
as God gives us to see the right, let us strive on to finish the work we are in, 
to bind up the nation's wounds, to care for him who shall have borne the battle 
and for his widow and orphans, to do all which may achieve and cherish a just 
»"H a lasting peace among ourselves and with all nations. o 

Era, February 1970 47 

''-':. tl-',- : - ■..■'. 'r'-i', ■■;.-■ 


The Date: 

January 18, 1970 

The Subject: 

Responses of young people 
to news of the death of 
President David O. McKay 


What influence did Presi- 
dent McKay have on your 

"He just glowed with love.'''' 

"He was like a partner in 
our home at all times." 

"The older he got, the 
younger he looked and 

"He never chastised any- 
one — he just put his arm 
of love around the world." 

"When President McKay 
died, we felt that we had 
lost someone in our own 

"We have lost a personal 

"If only the young people 
today will remember his 

What teachings of Presi- 
dent McKay do you remem- 
ber best? 

"Love thy mother and 
father all the days of our 

ii Be clean in mind and 
body, always." 


"Be reverent every day, 
not just on Sunday." 

"Pray together." 

"Read good books." 

"Study the scriptures." 

"Hate no one." 

"Be pleasant and courteous 
to everyone." 

"Dress modestly — our Fa- 
ther in heaven is watch- 

"Marriage: the temple way 
is the only way." 

"Contemplating where he 
is now made me think of 
how he feels now to be 
greeting Christ, after the 
personal relationship he's 
had with him. It made me 
consider how my own rela- 
tionship with Christ should 

President David 0. McKay Spoke to Youth: 

My experience with the young leads me to 
believe that there was never a time when 
youth more sincerely sought the truth T when 
they were more responsive to assignments 
made in the Church, when they were more ob- 
servant of the ideals for which this church 




Though not the wisest, youth is the best, the 
most radiant time of life. 

* * * 

Indulgence does not strengthen youth or man- 
hood; restraint and self-control do. 

* * * 

Let us also teach girls that motherhood is 

divine, for when we touch the creative part 
of life, we enter into the realm of divinity. 

* * * 

Youth — conviction — courage make a com- 
bination potentially capable of determining 
the kind of world we shall live in. 

* * * 

Young men and young women, the future 
awaits you! It is yours! Whether it is better 
to walk along the easy road of selfishness and 
indulgence than to strive through self- 
mastery and service for the realm of spiritu- 
ality, you must decide. "Whether it is better 
to serve God than man, judge ye." 

* * * 

Yours now the task to carry on! 

Era, February 1970 49 

Peop/e We Wont 7b Know More About 

Biographical background: Dr. 

Virginia Cutler was born in Park City, 
Utah. She married Ralph Garr Cutler 
in the Salt Lake Temple in 1929, and 
two years later, her husband died, 
leaving her with two small sons. Dr. 
Cutler received her B.S. degree from 
the University of Utah in 1926, her 
M.A. from Stanford University in 1937, 
and her Ph.D. from Cornell University 
in 1946. She has been professor and 
head of the Home Economics Depart- 
ment at the University of Utah, visiting 
professor at the universities of Wash- 
ington and Idaho, and dean of the 

College of Family Living, Brigham 
Young University. She served as a 
technical adviser in Southeast Asia, 
spending two years in Thailand and 
five years in Indonesia. For the past 
three years she has been a Fulbright 
professor and head of the Home Sci- 
ence Department at the University of 
Ghana. Her honors and achievements 
include many publications, magazine 
contributions, and being listed in na- 
tional honorary organizations. For 
many years she was a member of the 
general board of the Young Women's 
Mutual Improvement Association. 

Interviewer: We would be interested to know if there has been one 
particular experience that helped to develop your testimony or that 
helped to crystallize your attitude toward the Church. 

Dr. Cutler: I will have to go back to the time when I received a patri- 
archal blessing. That blessing — I've considered it a sacred document 
that I've used all my life — has been a guide directed to me. The 
promise was given to me that I would be a teacher, that I would teach 
at home and abroad, and that many people would be influenced by 
my teachings. It promised that the way would be opened for me 
to get a good education. It also mentioned something about my 
sons. Those things have come to pass. Of course, I think that 
using it as a guide has helped things come to pass. 

This blessing was really the guiding directive for me in de- 
ciding that I must go away to school after my husband died, that I 
must support my children and take care of them, and that I must 
have a home. All of these things have come about because of that 

I believed in the blessing so strongly that I went away to Stan- 
ford University, although it was during the depression and at a very 
difficult time. I had been able to pay for the house that we had 
built before we were married. I had received a little insurance money 
at my husband's death, but not very much. Two weeks after his 
death, I started to teach. I saved and paid off the house. As soon 
as I got it paid for, I decided to go to school. 

I had only $100, so I borrowed $200 from my sister. I had a 
little Ford car — -it was not even a Model A. I bought a gallon of 
paint and painted my car so it would look real nice. I bought one 
new dress, took my little boys, and off we went. When we got to 
Stanford, I applied for a scholarship but was told it was too late, 
that everything was taken, and that there was no chance until the 
next year. They told me to add my name to a list of applicants if 
I wanted to. There were six pages of names, typewritten and single- 
spaced, but I told them to add my name to the list anyway. 

Two weeks later I received a call from the secretary's office. One 
person had sent word that she couldn't use her scholarship because 
of illness in her family, so they had one available. It happened to 
be the Henry Newell scholarship, which had been given by a very 


Dr: V/rg/n/o 


By Rich Boyer and Jim Jardine 

wealthy man from Utah. He had specified that with all qualifications 
being equal, a person from Utah should have the first choice. They 
went through the six pages of names, and mine was the only one 
from Utah. So, the way opened up just as it was promised. And the 
way opened up all the way along everywhere I went. 

Interviewer: We would like you to comment on how you handled the 
dual role of homemaker and professional person. 

Dr. Cutler: When circumstances forced me to be the breadwinner 
as well as the mother, I felt that I should get the very best education 
possible and that I must do everything I could for my family as well 
as for my church. I just proceeded on that basis. 

My responsibilities often did not give me the quantity of time 
that I wanted with my boys, so I tried to make the quality as high as 
possible. We really tried to make the time we had together count 
so the boys would understand that they had their roots deep in the 
Church and in the community. 

Wherever we lived we always bought a house; then we would 
fix it up. The boys would paint it and put on the roof or do what- 
ever had to be done — they had to do the work. We all worked to- 
gether. We had so many projects and so many things to do after 
I returned home from my work that we were working together all 
the time. 

Interviewer: You speak proudly of your sons. What did you do with 
them? It sounds as if you had something like the family home 
evening program. 

Dr. Cutler: We had that every day! I felt that because the boys didn't 
have a father, I needed to do everything I could to let them feel that 
they were secure and that their roots were really there in the com- 
munity. Each of them seemed to have some special talents, and I 
did all I could to encourage them. 

About the time one of them started to learn to write, he also 
started doing some wood carvings. At first, he used soap — we had 
so many soap carvings that we could do the washing with them for 
months. We made all kinds of animals and all sorts of things. I put 
them on the mantel and made a special point of letting our guests 
know about these carvings. That encouraged him, and he's a plastic 
surgeon today. I know that one of the reasons he chose that profes- 
sion is because he developed a related interest with his carvings. 

There were so many things the boys could do. They could 
hardly wait until they got home from school to start working on some 
of the projects they had. I never had any problems with their 
wanting to go other places, because all the other children in the 
neighborhood came to our house to see what we were doing. 

Interviewer: You mentioned buying houses so your sons could sink 
roots into the community as well as into the Church. Sometimes 
members of the Church see the Church as the community, but it 
seems that you make a differentiation. How much of an involvement 
do you think we ought to have in community activities? 
Dr. Cutler: I feel strongly that we should be part of the community 
around us wherever we live. I wanted my children to get acquainted 

Photos by BYU 

Era, February 1970 51 

with all the children in the neighborhood so that they could learn 
how other people live. I felt that we had our standards to take with 
us wherever we would go and that we should get acquainted with 
everyone and accept them with their differences and do everything 
possible for the community. I've felt that way all my life. 

Interviewer: What do you see as the role of the home in contemporary 
society? It's not hard to tell that it's changing — and sometimes not 
for the better. 

Dr. Cutler: The family is the basic unit of society. If you have a 
strong family, a strong home, and very close ties with the Church 
through the home, you will have a strong society. It spreads out to 
the community and to the state and to the nation. I feel that it takes 
great thought and planning to avoid making our homes like camps 
where we sort of live picnic style. Some come in, grab something to 
eat, and are on their way to a meeting or activity. 

Some people move about without really developing the type of 
spirit in the home that is absolutely essential. This spirit sort of 
came naturally when most people were living on farms and everyone 
was taking some responsibility. But times have changed, and now 
it really boils down to being good managers. We need excellent 
management in the home today to develop good values and to work 
out worthwhile objectives for the family so all members feel that 
they are cooperating and sharing. 

Interviewer: What specific advice would you give young women in the 
Church as they look toward becoming homemakers? 

Dr. Cutler: I would advise them to be prepared for a profession as 
well as to take care of their homes. I think that having a profession 
that serves both home and society is the ideal kind. My own, for 
example, has been that kind. 

We used to call it home economics; we now call it family living 
here at BYU. We have different departments in this college that 
prepare one to work in fields related to the home and children. For 
example, if you are interested in nutrition, you can go into that 
field, and so on. Having some general background in these different 
areas can help a girl be much more competent in carrying the re- 
sponsibilities that she will have in her home. This can pay in two 
ways. Everything she learns, she can use in her home, and she can 
also'use the knowledge to earn a living, if necessary. 

Interviewer: From your experience derived from being in many coun- 
tries for extended periods and from your background in home science, 
do you have any general advice for us and our generation? 

Dr. Cutler: The world is getting smaller and smaller, and we should 
be acquainted with what is happening in other parts of the world. 
As it becomes smaller in terms of transportation and communication, 
the world can also expand for the individual. I think this needs to 
happen to each one of us so that we can expand our knowledge. It 
used to be that it didn't matter if you knew anything about what was 
going on in Ghana or in South Africa, but today we need to expand 
our knowledge as far as we can. Each of us needs to make his world 
very, very big. O 


By Susan H. Flick 

Is your pattern choice in keep- 
ing with Church standards? 

Have you altered yourself 
so that the gospel fits well? 

Are you cut on the straight 
grain? Or on the bias? 

Is all nap leading the same 
direction — toward the celestial 

Do you "seam" completely over- 
cast? flat felled? a little frayed? or 
pinked and perky? 


Have you added just the right 
amount of trim? 

Do you stitch straight ahead? 
back stitch? slip stitch? or cross 



Is the product (up to now) one 
you are proud of? 

Era, February 1970 53 


Student association leaders from Boston to San 
Diego and from Edmonton to El Paso met in Salt 
Lake City to attend the Latter-day Saint Student Asso- 
ciation national convention. Lambda Delta Sigma, 
Sigma Gamma Chi, and Delta Phi Kappa chapter 
presidents were also in attendance. Latter-day Saint 
students from more than 300 campuses were repre- 
sented at meetings held under the direction of Elder 
Marion D. Hanks, LDSSA managing director. 

Highlights of the conference: 

A Meeting of the Minds 

Church leaders listened to the concerns of the 

Questions were asked and answered. 
Ideas and experiences were shared. 
The students were enthusiastic. 
The wisdom and experience of Church leaders 

were appreciated. 
All understood more fully that the Church is for 

the individual. 

Leadership Opportunities 

The Church-sponsored fraternities and sorority, 
Sigma Gamma Chi, Delta Phi Kappa, and 
Lambda Delta Sigma, elected new national 

Constitutions were amended. 

Students accepted the challenge of leadership. 

The students have a say in the programs of the 

Latter-day Saint students need to be leaders on 

Sacred Moments 

A visit to the Church Office Building, and 

association with Church leaders, President 

N. Eldon Tanner, Bishop Robert Simpson, 

auxiliary heads, and others. 
A view of the temple, visitors center, and 

Christmas lights on Temple Square. 
A concluding testimony meeting. 
Elder Hanks' availability, concern, interest, 

and motivation. 
A breakfast meeting with Elder Richard L. 

A very special spiritual experience with 

Elder Harold B. Lee. 
A written commitment to President David 

0. McKay. 

All these things — and knowing that there 
are Latter-day Saint students all over the 
world who are standing tall — will make this 
conference a long-remembered leadership 
training experience. 

— Frank Bradshaw 

Era, February 1970 55 















15 FEB 1970 






no EIPT 011592 25 00296 











Sample receipt of new tithing and donation forms 

The New Tithing and Donation 
Recording Procedures 

• New procedures for recording 
tithing and donations were imple- 
mented on January 1, 1970, in all 
wards and branches of the Church 
in the United States and Canada. 
These new procedures are designed 
to reduce, through the use of auto- 
mated data processing equipment, 
much of the manual processing 
currently being performed at the 
ward and branch level and at 
Church headquarters. 

From the individual Church 
member's point of view, the new 
system varies only slightly from the 
present system: 

1. The individual will continue 
to fill out a white donation slip 
showing the distribution of the en- 
closed amount to tithing, fast offer- 
ings, budget, or other funds. 

2. The individual is responsi- 
ble to see that the amounts shown 
on the donation slip agree with the 

By Bishop John H. Vandenberg 

currency or check that accompanies 
the slip. 

3. A requirement of the new 
system is for each donor to list his 
name exactly the same way on each 
donation slip. Under the old man- 
ual system, the clerk posted the 
records and was usually familiar 
enough with each family to know 
that Johnny Jones, John Jones, John 
Edward Jones, and Johnny E. Jones 
were all the same individual. How- 
ever, the computer does not have 
the reasoning ability nor the back- 
ground information of the clerk, 
and thus each variation of a name 
will be listed separately as if each 
were the name of a different in- 

4. If the individual donor who 
is married wishes to have his dona- 
tions credited to himself and his 
wife jointly, he may do so, but 
again he should list his name the 

same way on each donation slip. 
He may list Brother and Sister 
Mark Smith, or he may list Mark 
and Cathy Smith; however, once 
the name has been listed it must 
remain the same each time. 

5. All donations should be mailed 
or hand carried to the bishop in a 
sealed envelope. All wards and 
branches of the Church are pro- 
vided with donation envelopes for 
this purpose. If you mail your 
tithing and donations to the bishop, 
always send them by check or 
money order. Never send cur- 
rency through the mail. 

6. A receipt showing the break- 
down of the donation will continue 
to be given each individual; how- 
ever, it will be a carbon copy rather 
than the original. 

Under the new system, the orig- 
inal is sent to Church headquarters 
for processing. O 


Changing of the Guard 
By Larry B. Sprouse 

It started in at midnight, 
And then again at one, 

And then once every hour 
Till day was finally come. 

I didn't really mind it, 
For he had been quite ill; 

And he seemed too small for 
Far too small for a pill. 

It wasn't his crying that got me, 
Nor my feet on that bare, cold 
It wasn't the sleep that it cost 
Nor that diaper-changing 

It was that look of rested plea- 
My mate's ever so cheery grin, 
As at breakfast she proudly 
queried me, 
"He slept through the night 

Era, February 1970 57 

Make Your College Experience 

Meaningful, Enjoyable and 

Profitable at LDS 


While some colleges offer institute classes, 
only the Church Colleges maintain the LDS 
standards and atmosphere on a campus wide, 
"full-time" basis. 

LDS is the only Business College where LDS 
Devotionals, teachings, and leadership 
training are the rule, not the exception. 

LDS insures all students rich religious 
experiences and surroundings with both a 
Student Ward and complete Religious 
Institute on campus. 


Campus life at LDS will provide 
you with wholesome activities 
among those of your own faith. A 
full schedule of dances, assemblies, 
outings, and athletic events are 
pleasant relief to study routines. 
Church fraternal organizations, and 
MIA add even more excitement to 
your recreational and cultural 




Business Careers, you will find offer the 
following advantages: 

• A good starting salary 

• Early advancement 

• Interesting work 

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• High prestige 


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• Job placement services 


Fashion Merchandising, Computer 
Technology, Accounting and Business 
Management, Court Reporting, 
Secretarial Science, Marketing. 

For more information write: 
Information Office 
LDS Business College 
411 East South Temple 
Salt Lake City, Utah 84111 

The best things in life are real. 

The real things in life just can't be beaten. After 
all, what could be better than the real cakes you bake 
from scratch? Nothing. 

But it does take longer at a time when life's a lot 
more hurried than it used to be. 

That's why Fleischmann's developed the new 
Rapidmix method. It makes baking the real thing 
quicker and easier than ever before. 

Because you no longer have to dissolve the yeast, 
worry about water temperature or heat the bowl. 

Now you just blend Fleischmann's Yeast with 
your other dry ingredients, mix — and bake one of the 
best things in life. A light, tasty cake. The real thing. 

For 70 real thing recipes, including the Babka 
below, send 250 for "Fleischmann's New Treasury of 
Yeast Baking", Box 61E, Mt. Vernon, N.Y. 10559. 

Todays Family 

By Carolyn Dunn 

Illustrated by Maurice Scan/on 

• What does the supermarket of the future hold for 
consumers? How will the Space Age influence and 
perhaps change our food-buying habits? 

There is speculation that our food-buying destina- 
tions of the future will include commissaries in the sky 
and shopping malls on satellites. 

At the present time food for munching on the moon 
consists mainly of freeze-dried variations that fit all 
the specifications of space travel in a rocket and the 
needs and tastes of the men inside. 

In the future, for longer trips special food might be 
grown in greenhouses along the way, according to some 

far-out reports. By then we may be swallowing nu- 
trition-packed pellets, and they will be taking care 
of our daily food needs. 

However, for those of us who plan to keep two feet 
on the ground, the future may mean simply raising 
our finger to push a button at home and having a 
hot meal appear, or eating our food in condensed food 

Carolyn Dunn, a member of the Sunday School general 
board, is director of consumer and customer services for 
Armour and Company, Chicago, Illinois. She was formerly 
consumer marketing specialist, Utah State University. 

Era, February 1970 59 

balls, about the size used on the golf course, or taking always devour the dishes and utensils as well as the 

our foods home from the market held together by food, for at the table of the future, many will be edible. 

invisible bagging. So will some food packages and soft drink containers. 

We may order our food at home or anywhere in the The exact flavor is still speculation. So far, there is 

world on our phone-a-vision, or if we wish the com- no report on digestibility. 

Vegetables and fruits will be stored in kitchen 

( , drawers of tomorrow for six-month periods under the 

A rGC6nt SUfV6y ShOWGCl hypnotic influence of controlled atmospheric condi- 

tions. Apples are already experiencing this new long 

that 42 Convenience fOOdS actually life and appear crisp and flavorful at the market during 

all months of the year. Some produce items are also 

COSt leSS than the Same prOdUCtS going from garden to market successfully in this 

,, "trance" state. 

maQe If On) SCra LCn Also in the produce line, new variations of familiar 

fruits are already in the developmental stages, such 

as a square pineapple that may be simpler to send 

through marketing channels and a round banana that 

panionship of friends as we shop, we may join them \ ee ^ s better, is peeled more easily, and has more nu- 

in the TV room of a nearby supermarket. trition and fewer calories. 

By inserting an identification card into the receiver Aerosol containers will continue to have interesting 
slot on the chair arm, our TV shopping tour begins, contents, such as peanut butter, cup cake and pancake 
By pushing the food button, a parade of products is batter, liquid spices, whipped butter, jams, and in- 
shown on the screen. A quantity button is touched stant pudding. 

whenever the consumer decides to buy. Talk buttons While we ponder some of these food and kitchen 

give an audio description of all products. Closed- innovations coming up, another report takes us into 

circuit video sales presentations will be a major part the food markets of the next century, 

of newer methods of selling in the food-buying world The long, tedious planning of a complete super- 

of tomorrow. market will be no more. A computer is now available 

With all the complexities, it is and will be an excit- for instant supermarket planning. Within seconds 

ing world. While some futuristic ideas may seem this almost human phenomenon can completely design 

tongue-in-cheek, most of the innovations will have a a whole store, taking into account the store's ethnic 

trial run somewhere, and you may help decide just neighborhood. 

how much a part of the future they will be. The long, monotonous rows of merchandise will 
In case you think you will never succumb to this be broken up into decorative "little shops" through- 
mechanized computer-paced life coming up, remember out the store to give increased variety and interest, 
that you probably once vowed never to touch a cake Convenience foods and instants, both dry and 
mix, eat instant potatoes, or try TV dinners. frozen, will increase in number and variety, and micro- 
If the present trend continues, we will not dare wave ovens in kitchens will be as numerous in to- 
consume anything that isn't completely and totally morrow's society as TV sets are today, 
nutritious. There probably will not be anything Instant ovens will also be a part of supermarkets as 
unnutritious on the market by that time anyway, well as all-hour convenience departments, increased 
Nutrition will literally be packed into food, and we gourmet lines, and larger delicatessens with the 
will need it as the demands on our energy greatly emphasis on take-home foods of every description, 
increase. A centralized or warehouse system for the buying, 
The problem now is that when the future arrives, cutting, and packaging of meats for supermarket use 
many predictions will have already been replaced. So, is finding favor in some areas and will be a definite 
when you think of the future, think of next week and trend in future meat marketing. While the tenderness 
you may be momentarily ahead. of meat is of prime concern to producers and consumers 
Among many other reviews of future trends, we alike, a system to determine the tenderness of beef on 
hear of kitchens with built-in, year-'round vegetable the hoof has been developed and is receiving favorable 
gardens in glass cylinders; dishwashers built right into acceptance in many parts of the country, 
the dining table; computers that figure menus and Other new innovations in the supermarket will in- 
inventories at home. elude everything from soft lights and carpeting, which 
If dishwashing is a problem, family members can are already a part of some markets, to radar-controlled 


shopping carts that will follow customers around the 
store, plus automated check-out counters. Shopping 
carts will fit right into the automated check-out. A 
new type customer credit card will activate the store's 
computer system, check the customer's bank account, 
total up the price of the merchandise, and deduct the 
amount from her checking account in the bank. There 
will be no need to exchange cash. Some futuristic 
experts predict that we will have a cashless and check- 
less society. 

The invisible bagging or molecular force will then 
"knit" or hold foods together from check-out counter 
to kitchen sink, where it will wear away, leaving the 
groceries free for storage. Side trips may be dis- 
couraged for fear the transparent bagging will wear 
off ahead of time. 

Honest shoppers of the future need not be alarmed 
if their grocery carts speak up on their way to the cars. 
A transistorized voice hidden in the handle of a new 
talking grocery cart is supposed to call out a warning 
to would-be cart-nappers just before they vanish from 
the parking lot. 

As part of their concern for feeding an increased 
population, some food researchers are focusing their 
attention on imitation foods. Consumers havp al- 
ready seen the results of soybean protein made to 
resemble meat, and imitation milk is available in some 
areas of the country. 

Research scientists at colleges and universities have 
been busy with their own contributions to the field 
of food development. One professor of food science 
has in the later stages of development a low- calorie 
butter and a frozen low-calorie whipped cream 
product made of real cream. Another professor has 
recently intrigued the industry with successful experi- 
ments with raisins made from fresh cherries and 
with freeze-dried sauerkraut. 

While we may want to look with awe into the 
future of foods and the supermarket, the luster may 
be somewhat dimmed by our concern for future costs. 

It may ease the feeling to reveal the results of a 
recent study made by the United States Department of 
Agriculture. In a comparison study, 158 convenience 
foods were priced with their homemade counterparts. 
Of this group, 42 convenience foods actually cost less 
than the same product made from scratch. Cake mix- 
tures are one of the best example. Other convenience 
foods are becoming part of this picture. 

The main decisions will still rest with the family 
food buyer, who will want to consider family tastes 
and demands as well as budgets. 

And speaking of taste, that may change too. New 
flavor-detecting machines are now in the process of 
determining the sources of flavor in some foods and 

ways to take away undesirable tastes in others. There 
is every reason to believe that even the persimmon 
might someday lose its pucker and become a mild gem 
of a fruit—competing with the orange for popu- 
larity. O 



"The Spoken Word" from 
Temple Square, presented 
over KSL and the Columbia 
Broadcasting System Nov- 
ember 30, 1969 © 1969. 

'The insatiable demand for more" 

By Richard L. Evans 

There is a phrase that suggests a subject: "The 
insatiable demand for more." 1 Who ever 
heard of anyone who was happy, who 
couldn't be satisfied?— who always had to have more 
and ever more— more thrills, more indulgence, more 
power, more possessions? Some overindulge by seek- 
ing to satisfy appetites that remain unsatisfied. Some 
make demands, and when their demands are met, 
make more demands. There are communities that 
want more and more-more size, more reaching for 
comparative place— and in the process, complicate 
their problems. The comparative and competitive 
spirit often enters in and insists that the curve, the 
graph, the record must be ever and always up— 
which, if for a good purpose, is good, but which, if 
never satisfied, even after the purpose is satisfied, 
may be merely the insatiable demand for more. 
Even when there are more comforts and conveni- 
ences than kings could once have had, often there 
are still demands for more. Perhaps it comes down 
finally to a balance of contentment and purpose 
and peace, with a little wholesome discontent to 
keep us learning, moving, reaching, producing, but 
not just more and more without limit, without peace 
or real purpose. "All the good things of the world 
are no further good to us than as they are of use," 
said Daniel DeFoe, "and of all we may heap up we 
enjoy only as much as we can use, and no more." 
That human wants are, in a sense, insatiable, is part 
of what makes progress possible; but if we drink 
without quenching thirst, if we rush and run without 
knowing why we rush and run, we may merely be 
pursuing the insatiable demand for more. In all our 
rushing, striving, struggling, God grant us gratitude, 
balance, judgment; a solid sense of values, an inner 
peace, and an honest appraisal of our purpose. 

'Carnegie Quarterly bulletin, Vol. xvii, No. 3. 

Era, February 1970 61 



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State Zip 




Mormon Towns 

I thoroughly enjoyed the article about 
"The City of Zion in the Mountain West" 
[December], There is an additional 
point connected with the early Mormon 
settling period that few persons recognize 
—or at least so I suspect— and that is the 
common custom of building a stone letter 
on a hill near the town. The letter repre- 
sents the name of the town or a local 
school, such as "M" for Malad (Idaho), 
"P" for Panguitch (Utah), "BR" for Bear 
River (Utah), "U" for University of Utah, 
and so forth. 

I have long been interested in this oc- 
currence, and in 1965 I wrote the New 
York Museum of Natural History about 
the subject. I was informed that scholars 
at the museum knew of no place in Amer- 
ica where such a thing was done, except 
in the area of early Mormon culture; nor 
was there known by these scholars any 
place in Europe where such a thing was 

I would think this of sufficient inter- 
est that it would be worth asking Church- 
wide for community residents to report 
to you if they know of any such custom 
in an area not founded or established by 
Latter-day Saints. 

Gallard C. Carr 
Tremonton, Utah 

Interested readers may send responses 
to the Era. A tabulation and report will 
he given later. 

No Nibley 

I could hardly wait to receive the Decem- 
ber Era to read Dr. Hugh Nibley's article. 
It wasn't there! I have enjoyed reading 
his important disclosures relative to the 
Joseph Smith papyri. The rediscovery 
of the papyri by Dr. Aziz Atiya has been 
one of the most exciting and faith- 
promoting happenings in my religious 

The Era is to be congratulated on its 
immediate response to our needs. We 
want to leam all that is available, and the 
scholarly writings of Dr. Nibley open a 
new world of knowledge to us. We 
hope the series resumes soon. 

Leona Fetzer Wintch 

Manti, Utah 

An Open Letter 

I am a convert of eight years. As I grew 
and developed in the gospel, I came to a 
fuller knowledge of our Heavenly Father, 
and I was overcome with the beauty of 
life and filled with joy to be one of God's 

Then I began working in the Church, 
and I learned respect for the organization 
of it. How well structured it is! How 
smoothly the programs fit one into an- 

other! We all have a necessary job, with 
mutual respect and admiration one for 
another, whether our position is high or 

Recently my children and I were 
placed in a position of need. Although 
I knew somewhat of our welfare plan 
before, now that help has been given us 
so unselfishly, my soul is filled with love 
and gratitude. I think of the thought 
and ingenuity, the many hours of service, 
and of all the helping hands that to- 
gether produced the well-made clothes, 
warm bedding, and wholesome food, to 
say nothing of the extras such as soap 
and toothpaste. I must thank my broth- 
ers and sisters throughout the Church for 
giving of themselves so that my family 
and many others like us can be helped 
when we need it. 

I know that we are merely children, yet 
we have faults and individual problems; 
if in this imperfect state we brothers 
and sisters can run this divinely organized 
Church of ours, it indeed gives a taste 
and a suggestion of heaven. 

a most grateful sister 
Baker, Oregon 

On Children 

I wish to thank the Era for printing in 
the December issue several articles that 
would give worlds of encouragement to 
any mother who would read them: "The 
Home Is to Teach," by Elder A. Theodore 
Tuttle, "Take time for your children," by 
Elder Richard L. Evans, and especially 
the fiction, "And Thanks for Those Neat 
Skippin' Rocks," by Janis Hutchinson. 

Irene H. Tukuafu 
Hauula, Hawaii 

Be Still 
By John D. Engle, Jr. 

// stones of discord 
ever lay 

themselves upon 
the path I plod, 
these words 
will sweep 
them all away: 
"Be still, 
and know 
that I am God." 

For this command 

possesses me 

and lifts me 


from the sod, 

the song that keeps 

my spirit free: 

"Be still, 

and know 

that he is God." 

62 Era, February 1970 



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The Church 
Moves On 

November 1969 

New stake presidencies: President 
Glade M. Sowards and counselors 
Philip G. Watkins and Orlo Goodrich, 
Uintah (Utah-Wyoming) Stake; Presi- 
dent Ralph J. Western and counselors 
Lee W. Leishman and Wayne L. Kup- 
ferer, Antelope Valley (California) Stake. 

The First Presidency announced the 
reorganization of the general Church 
Music Committee with Elder Mark E. 
Petersen of the Council of the Twelve 
as the new chairman. Committee mem- 
bers are Elder Richard L. Evans of the 
Council of the Twelve, Isaac M. Stewart, 
Richard P. Condie, and Arch L Mad- 
sen. Alexander Schreiner is managing 
director with Robert Cundick as as- 
sistant. Leroy J. Robertson, former 
committee chairman, Frank W. Asper, 
J. Spencer Cornwall, and Harold Lund- 
strom are consulting advisers. Roy M. 
Darley, Crawford Gates, Jay E. Welch, 
A. Harold Goodman, Reid Nibley, Ardean 
Watts, Bernell W. Hales, Jr., and Mar- 
garet Cornwall Richards are associates 
of the committee. 

December 1969 

The festive seasonal lights on 
Temple Square were turned on this 
evening, illuminating special Christmas 
scenes. Four thousand junior and 
senior high school students — said to be 
the largest choir ever to sing in the 
Tabernacle — presented a program. They 

were accompanied by the BYU Sym- 
phonic Orchestra. 

This was the last weekend of 1969 
in which stake quarterly conferences 
were regularly scheduled. 

The light opera Amah/ and the 
Night Visitors began its fifth Christmas 
season on Temple Square with its open- 
ing performance in the Tabernacle this 

The reappointment of Richard L. 
Gunn to the general board of the Young 
Men's Mutual Improvement Association 
was announced. 

Eul The annual Christmas message by 
President David 0. McKay and his five 
counselors, issued today, read in part: 
"We glorify in the advancement of 
knowledge and achievement as seen in 
man's efforts to conquer space and the 
landing of men on the moon. This 
represents important advances in man's 
understanding of the universe about 
him, all of which is the handiwork of 
God. Acquiring such knowledge is in 
full harmony with gospel principles. 
All truth, whether it pertains to the 
universe, to this earth, or to the indi- 
vidual and his environment, is a part of 
the gospel of Jesus Christ." 

The appointment of William Roberts, 
president of the Auckland (New Zea- 
land) Stake, as a Regional Representa- 
tive of the Twelve was announced. This 
brings the total number of representa- 
tives to 74. 

January 1970 

U A new computerized system for re- 
cording and reporting tithes and offer- 
ings throughout the United States and 
Canada was placed in operation today. 
It is expected to be less work for ward 
and branch financial clerks who will 
make out receipts with special type- 
writers equipped with special ribbons 
so that the computer in Salt Lake City 
can process them. 

Era, February 1970 65 




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16203 WARD WAY 

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IE 2-70 

These Times 


I he 

By Dr. G. Homer Durham 

Commissioner and Executive Officer, Utah System of Higher Education 

• The twentieth century has seen 
more revolutionary changes than its 
numbered predecessors. It is un- 
likely that the pace will diminish 
in the 1970s. But the need to ex- 
tend one's self, one's attitudes, and 
one's efforts to "hold things to- 
gether" may not keep pace with 
the changes. Herein may lie the 
challenge of the coming decade. 
Will there be enough men and 
women of goodwill, with forbear- 
ance, sympathy, spiritual energy, 
and high leadership qualities, to 
keep things from "flying apart"? 

Hope lies in the fact that the 
aspirations of youth and the long- 
ings of the middle-aged and elders 
of the world may more closely 
knit together than in the late sixties. 
There was a curious feeling as the 
year 1969 moved into history. The 
young, idealistic "dissidents" in 
their music, ballads, feelings, and 
expression were yearning for peace. 
Words like love, goodwill, kindli- 
ness, honesty, charity, compassion, 
concern were heard. The values 
were not too far removed from the 
"four-way test" repeated by the 
elders at their weekly Rotary Club 

gatherings, voiced in the Pledge of 
Allegiance weekly by their Kiwa- 
nian neighbors and others in Amer- 
ica who were asking God to "help 
them do their duty as such." The 
ideals had much in common. But 
the elders inclined to the view that 
much of what long-haired girls and 
boys Were saying was a mask. 
Youth not of the Establishment 
tended to view the elders' proclama- 
tions as a pose, if not hypocritical. 
To reduce the "generation gap," 
recognition was needed that to err 
is human, and to forgive (and 
understand), divine. 

The possibility that the gap can 
be reduced is augmented by the fact 
that in the seventies, 20-year-olds 
will become 30, the 30-year-olds will 
become 40 and fast approaching re- 
sponsibilities of grandfatherhood 
and grandmotherhood for the chil- 
dren of today's ten-year-olds, who 
will become 20. As responsibilities 
descend on the youth paraders of 
the sixties, weight and experience 
will require aspirants to leadership, 
in the seventies, to look back with 
possible appreciation for the bur- 
dens placed on leadership in the 

sixties. Providing instant answers 
for questions of war and peace, air 
and water pollution, the ills of the 
cities of man, can only sober those 
who are sincerely concerned with 

So the seventies will begin to 
demonstrate whether or not the 
young idealists of the sixties were 
really honest and knowledgeable. 
If they were, and if they retain the 
integrity and regard for honesty 
many of them were so disinclined 
to view in their elders, and if their 
expressed regard for truth, love, 
peace, freedom, brotherly and sis- 
terly concern, lightened by hope, 
shines through in practical (in- 
cluding economic) terms— if so, the 
seventies can become quite remark- 
able. But if existential pessimism 
or amoral resignation predominates, 
the seventies could bring crises of 
leadership unparalleled. 

No forecast of issues can ap- 
proach accuracy. But among the 
wonders of space travel, biophysics, 
and organ transplants, the following 
will surely challenge the leadership 
of the seventies: 

1. Readjustments in the world 
political order among the three 
great powers— the United States, 
the Soviet Union, and China. 

In world politics, there has been 
an apparent trend toward a kind 
of "practical conservatism" in the 
Soviet Union. This may present 
new opportunities for world sta- 
bility, less aggravated by ideological 
differences. Since the death of 
Stalin ( 1953 ) , there appears to have 
been less preoccupation in Russia 
with ideology and political doctrine, 
more concern with retaining the 
territorial gains of World War II, 
and pragmatic use of military-eco- 
nomic power to do so. There has 
been a decline in Communist- 
doctrine "conferences" in Moscow, 
engendering world propaganda 
schemes. Extensive activity in for- 
eign aid (e.g., the Middle East), in 
diplomacy led by military-economic 


considerations (as in Hungary, 
Poland, and Czechoslovakia), has 
dwarfed the old "Comintern" and 
its missionary-Communism. The 
democratic revolutions of the nine- 
teenth century touched Russia, but 
left China relatively untouched. 
The seventies find China evidently 
in the final throes of ideological 
Maoism— of doctrine. If techno- 
economists, albeit military, come to 
power in China instead of the revo- 
lutionary, doctrinaire, military-poet 
Mao, there may be other oppor- 
tunities to reduce tension. This 
may be helped by the economic— 
and perhaps the return of some 
military— power of Germany and 

World politics has been "polar- 
ized" by doctrinal differences, led 
by the U.S. -Soviet power-systems, 
since 1945. There has been a grow- 
ing tendency for "polarization" 
along domestic lines in the United 
States. Economic, racial, social, 
urban-industrial, rural, and age di- 
visions have continued political 
overtones. In the seventies, there 
will probably come a new if not 
frantic search in America for "the 
middle of things." Spiro Agnew, as 
Richard Nixon's vice-president, 
gave evidence as 1969 drew to an 
end that he believed not only that 
the middle existed, but that it was 
the "silent majority," that it could 
be rallied and brought to support 
a republic that seemed polarized. 
The differences between such Re- 
publicans as Mayor Lindsay of New 
York and Governor Reagan of Cali- 
fornia and such Democrats as 
Senator McGovern of South Dakota 
and Congressman L. Mendel Rivers 
will persist nevertheless. They sym- 
bolize political liberty. And liberty 
and unity are not always in har- 

Whatever the realignments and 
readjustments, the tasks and bur- 
dens of political leadership— local, 
national, domestic, foreign— will be 
heavier and not less in the seven- 

ties. These burdens have grown 
steadily during the century. The 
American nation, for example, is a 
national economic community. Wel- 
fare, once an individual, family 
concern, has passed from the 
county to state capitols to Washing- 
ton in less than 40 years. Milking 
cows was a household chore for the 
great majority of Americans as the 
century opened. Today it is a 
highly organized, professional en- 
terprise, guided by producing- 
marketing associations supported by 
the federal government. The cheese 
factory in Parowan, Utah, ceased 
operations in 1969. No one is milk- 
ing cows there anymore to bring 
milk to the little factory. But the 
local stores sell cheese, as well as 
the same nylon brushes and mer- 
chandise found in Macy's base- 

2. Readjustments in the eco- 
nomic order. 

President Eisenhower called at- 
tention to "the industrial-military 
complex." The sixties expressed 
concern. Meanwhile business lead- 
ership of the nation was doing more 
of the nation's social work than ever 
before. The country seemed gen- 
erally satisfied with the products 
of its industrial giants, provided 
they would add more social work 
and eliminate air, water, and en- 
vironmental pollution of all sorts. 
And the country seemed to rest 
content that if the corporations 
didn't buckle in and get the job 
launched, people would use new- 
found political tools to force gov- 
ernments, especially the federal 
government, to act and to force the 
corporations to act. 

In the seventies, the American 
"political economy" may be inclined 
to scrutinize the "communications 
complex"— particularly the major 
television networks. People in pop- 
ulous California, fairly populous 
North Carolina, and sparsely popu- 
lated Arizona have all discovered 
that the world (as they understand 

Era, February 1970 67 

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it) cannot be fully reported in 
living color. Moreover, people out- 
side New York City have become 
aware that tremendous political and 
cultural influence has gravitated to 
the networks, A nation that uses 
common brands of cereal, clothing, 
and household appliances is not 
ready to accept certain ideas in 
common. Yet, the weekly news 
magazines and the morning news- 
papers do not speak with the fresh 
voice of yesteryear to those who 
saw the six o'clock and the ten 
o'clock news the night or week be- 
fore "in living color." Those who 
read may well hurry to the variety 
of printed pages, during the seven- 
ties, to see if the ten o'clock news 
really had it "right" (and vice 
versa). And so, people will grapple 
with the political and the economic 
orders— some to seek advantages, 
and some to seek the truth or the 
way out of the confusion. 

3. Readjustments in the social 

All of this brings us to the social 
order. If present trends continue, 
the three- generation American fam- 
ily of 1900 will have become, in 
many, many cases, a one-generation 
family in the seventies. More ac- 
curately, there may be more gen- 
eration-and-a-half families, and 
part-time parents and part-time 
children. The challenge for heads 
of families will be to use wisely 
those few precious minutes that can 
be snatched, under one roof, in 
the evening. And it will be the 
early evening that will have to be 
budgeted for this purpose— with the 
hope that the seven or eight hours 
the family spends together in hope- 
fully quiet sleep, later that night, 
under that same roof, can have its 
subliminal consciousness influenced 
by feelings of secure family love. 
For when the individuals all go their 
separate ways between 6:30 and 
8:30 a.m. the next morning, all will 
need the feelings of personal in- 
tegrity and development that de- 


rive from a concerned, supportive, 
primary group. If not, the political 
and economic orders are going to 
have more social functions than 
can presently be imagined. Child 
care, mental, and Medicare institu- 
tions may only be beginning. 

Education for America's social 
needs in the seventies will be under 
renewed political and economic 
pressure to close the political, eco- 
nomic, and social gaps between the 
races. The "black studies" of the 
sixties were only forecasts and 
symptoms of efforts, strongly 
backed by industrial and business 
interests, to reorient certain aspects 
of education to meet the disadvan- 
taged non white students at the 
level of their ability and under- 
standing. Whether preschool or 
through the university, this ap- 
proach and not the effort to meet 
"standards" for either first grade, 
fourth grade, or freshman year will 
probably accelerate. 

The public universities and high 
schools had to develop many 
"tracks" to accommodate varieties 
of human ability when they ceased 
to be elitist institutions and ad- 
mitted alongside the liberal arts 
curriculum the many arts, crafts, 
and professions serving today's so- 
ciety. As the larger public univer- 
sities and high schools adjusted, so, 
as elementary and junior high 
schools integrate and meet the 
needs of the disadvantaged with 
wider varieties of entrance ability, 
elementary schools may have to de- 
velop several "tracks," all leading to 
useful and serviceable ends. The 
traditional ascent through the first 
to sixth grades to reach, after junior 
high school, the "tracks" in high 
school and college may require ad- 
ditional school ladders. 

American citizens in the fifties 
debated federal aid to education. 
They were probably prepared by 
the tremendous outpouring of Acts 
of Congress in the sixties for what 
may well become substantial fed- 

eral financing of educational sys- 
tems in the seventies. This will 
come not as a consequence of a 
desire in HEW, the White House, 
or the Office of Education to spread 
their influence. It will come in re- 
sponse to the demands of a national 
economy and as a consequence of 
an idea incorporated in the Declara- 
tion of Independence. Education, 
wherever or however attained, in- 
dividually, privately, publicly, has 
become the necessary condition for 
life, liberty, and the pursuit of 
happiness. Otherwise there is the 
pursuit of welfare and relief roles, 
ending in squalor and slums. The 
air-bus we will ride in the seventies 
will not be peaceful, comfortable— 
and safe— unless it is maintained by 
sturdy aviation mechanics who 
know their jobs and do them well. 
They are taking their place with 
the lawyer, doctor, or dentist. The 
cities will not be habitable, likewise, 
unless the nonwhite people who 
populate them (and elect their 
mayors) share the pride, economic 
dependence, and social stability 
that have carried the educated 
American white community so far. 
There are tremendous challenges 
ahead. The political, economic, and 
social adjustment of institutions 
may be simpler than the adjustment 
of our attitudes. The world, sur- 
rounded by space platforms, in 
which information is multiplying, 
organized, and used by integrated 
circuits and computerization, is a 
new world with familiar scenery. If 
your attitudes are shaken up in the 
seventies, it may be well to reread, 
frequently, William Cowper's great 
hymn "God Moves in a Mysterious 
Way," especially verse 5: 

"His purposes will ripen fast, 
Unfolding every hour; 
The bud may have a bitter taste, 
But sweet will be the flower." 

At least we hope the flower will 
be sweet. O 

Era, February 1970 69 

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Letter of First Presidency Clarifies Church's 

Position on the Negro 

December 15, 1969 

To General Authorities. Regional Representatives of 
the Twelve, Stake Presidents, Mission Presidents, and 

Dear Brethren: 

In view of confusion that has arisen, it was decided 
at a meeting of the First Presidency and the Quorum 
of the Twelve to restate the position of the Church 
with regard to the Negro both in society and in the 

First, may we say that we know something of the 
sufferings of those who are discriminated against in a 
denial of their civil rights and Constitutional privi- 
leges. Our early history as a church is a tragic story 
of persecution and oppression. Our people repeatedly 
were denied the protection of the law. They were 
driven and plundered, robbed and murdered by mobs, 
who in many instances were aided and abetted by 
those sworn to uphold the law. We as a people have 
experienced the bitter fruits of civil discrimination 
and mob violence. 

We believe that the Constitution of the United States 
was divinely inspired, that it was produced by "wise 
men" whom God raised up for this very purpose," 
and that the principles embodied in the Constitution 
are so fundamental and important that, if possible, 
they should be extended "for the rights and protec- 
tion" of all mankind. 

In revelations received by the first prophet of the 
Church in this dispensation, Joseph Smith (1805- 
1844), the Lord made it clear that it is "not right 
that any man should be in bondage one to another." 
These words were spoken prior to the Civil War. 
From these and other revelations have sprung the 

Church's deep and historic concern with man's free 
agency and our commitment to the sacred principles 
of the Constitution. 

It follows, therefore, that we believe the Negro, as 
well as those of other races, should have his full 
constitutional privileges as a member of society, and 
we hope that members of the Church everywhere 
will do their part as citizens to see that these rights 
are held inviolate. Each citizen must have equal op- 
portunities and protection under the law with refer- 
ence to civil rights. 

However, matters of faith, conscience, and theology 
are not within the purview of the civil law. The first 
amendment to the Constitution specifically provides 
that "Congress shall make no law respecting an estab- 
lishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise 

The position of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter- 
day Saints affecting those of the Negro race who 
choose to join the Church falls wholly within the 
category of religion. It has no bearing upon matters 
of civil rights. In no case or degree does it deny to 
the Negro his full privileges as a citizen of the nation. 

This position has no relevancy whatever to those who 
do not wish to join the Church. Those individuals, we 
suppose, do not believe in the divine origin and na- 
ture of the Church, nor that we have the priesthood 
of God. Therefore, if they feel we have no priesthood, 
they should have no concern with any aspect of our 
theology on priesthood so long as that theology does 
not deny any man his constitutional privileges. 

A word of explanation concerning the position of the 

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints owes 
its origin, its existence, and its hope for the future to 
the principle of continuous revelation. "We believe 
all that God has revealed, all that He does now re- 
veal, and we believe that He will yet reveal many 


great and important things pertaining to the Kingdom 
of God." 

From the beginning of this dispensation, Joseph 
Smith and all succeeding Presidents of the Church 
have taught that Negroes, while spirit children of a 
common Father, and the progeny of our earthly par- 
ents Adam and Eve, were not yet to receive the priest- 
hood, for reasons which we believe are known to 
God, but which he has not made fully known to 


Our living prophet, President David O. McKay, has 
said, "The seeming discrimination by the Church 
toward the Negro is not something which originated 
with man; but goes back into the beginning with 
God. . . . 

"Revelation assures us that this plan antedates man's 
mortal existence, extending back to man's preexistent 

President McKay has also said, "Sometime in God's 
eternal plan, the Negro will be given the right to hold 
the priesthood." 

Until God reveals his will in this matter, to him 
whom we sustain as a prophet, we are bound by that 
same will. Priesthood, when it is conferred on any 
man comes as a blessing from God, not of men. 

We feel nothing but love, compassion, and the deep- 
est appreciation for the rich talents, endowments, 
and the earnest strivings of our Negro brothers and 
sisters. We are eager to share with men of all races 
the blessings of the gospel. We have no racially 
segregated congregations. 

Were we the leaders of an enterprise created by our- 
selves and operated only according to our own 
earthly wisdom, it would be a simple thing to act 
according to popular will. But we believe that this 
work is directed by God and that the conferring of 
the priesthood must await his revelation. To do other- 
wise would be to deny the very premise on which the 

Church is established. 

We recognize that those who do not accept the prin- 
ciple of modern revelation may oppose our point of 
view. We repeat that such would not wish for mem- 
bership in the Church, and therefore the question of 
priesthood should hold no interest for them. Without 
prejudice they should grant us the privilege afforded 
under the Constitution to exercise our chosen form of 
religion, just as we must grant all others a similar 
privilege. They must recognize that the question of 
bestowing or withholding priesthood in the Church 
is a matter of religion and not a matter of constitu- 
tional right. 

We extend the hand of friendship to men everywhere 
and the hand of fellowship to all who wish to join 
the Church and partake of the many rewarding oppor- 
tunities to be found therein. 

We join with those throughout the world who pray 
that all of the blessings of the gospel of Jesus Christ 
may in the due time of the Lord become available 
to men of faith everywhere. Until that time comes 
we must trust in God, in his wisdom, and in his 
tender mercy. 

Meanwhile we must strive harder to emulate his Son, 
the Lord Jesus Christ, whose new commandment it 
was that we should love one another. In developing 
that love and concern for one another, while awaiting 
revelations yet to come, let us hope that with respect 
to these religious differences, we may gain reinforce- 
ment for understanding and appreciation for such 
differences. They challenge our common similarities, 
as children of one Father, to enlarge the outreachings 
of our divine souls. 

Faithfully your brethren, 

/SS/ Hugh B. Brown 
/SS/ N. Eldon Tanner 

Era, February 1970 71 

(Continued from page 2U) 

"Some years ago I was privileged to participate 
in a meeting of President McKay and Walter 
Reuther, a very powerful labor leader in the 
United States, who was accompanied by his wife 
and two daughters. The meeting in the President's 
office was pleasant and informal with reference 
to a farm experience of his youth and how it re- 
lated to principles of truth. There was no posturing 
or posing or declaiming or any effort at all on the 
President's part to appear to be filling a role. As 
always, he was warm and friendly and natural 
in his conversation and companionship. After we 
had left President McKay, Mr. Reuther walked 
with me a few steps. He had a tear in his eye as 
he said to me that he had enjoyed the association 
of many men of great prominence in America and 
other parts of the world, but, said he, 'I never met 
a man like that.' A few minutes later Mr. Reuther 
said, 'I do not think our generation will ever pro- 
duce a man like that.' At a luncheon held a little 
later, he repeated those remarks verbatim." 
— Elder Marion D. Hanks, Assistant to the Council 
of the Twelve 

"While attending the New Zealand Temple 
dedicatory services in 1958, I was walking down a 
hallway in the temple when a friend intercepted 
me and invited me to step inside a room. I was 
overwhelmed to notice that the only other people 
in the room were President and Sister McKay. My 
friend said, 'President McKay, this is one of our 
returned New Zealand missionaries, Brother 
Simpson.' The President extended his firm right 
hand, and placing his left hand on my shoulder, 
looked into my eyes and, more than that, into every 
fiber of my being. After a few seconds, he gave 
my hand a friendly pump, my shoulder a squeeze, 
and said, 'Brother Simpson, I am pleased to know 
you.' Not 'I am pleased to meet you,' but 'pleased 
to know you.' During the ensuing days and weeks, 
the memory of this introduction kept recurring. 
Approximately three months later, while sitting 
in my office in Los Angeles, my telephone rang 
and the voice on the other end of the line said, 
'This is David 0. McKay speaking.' He said that 
based on our interview, he had felt impressed to 
issue a call to return with my family to New 
Zealand to preside over the people I loved so much." 
— Bishop Robert L. Simpson of the Presiding 

"In Salt Lake City one Thursday afternoon, a 
Sunday School class had been granted the great 

favor of an appointment with the President. Un- 
fortunately, he was called to the hospital where his 
brother, Thomas E., lay critically ill. The children 
were naturally disappointed. A member of the 
Council of the Twelve greeted the class and talked 
with them. 

"Many busy men would have considered the 
matter closed, but the next Sunday morning found 
President McKay driving eight miles to a small 
chapel south of the city. Entering the building he 
inquired where this particular class met. Imagine 
the thrill experienced in that little classroom when 
the door opened and the President of the Church 
walked in. After explaining why he was not in 
his office when they called, he shook hands with 
the teacher and with each one of the children and 
left his blessings. 

" 'I want you children to know,' he said, 'that 
the President of the Church keeps his appoint- 
ments if at all possible.' " — Story told by Glen 
Snarr, Murray, Utah 

"I remember being in New York when Presi- 
dent McKay returned from Europe. Arrange- 
ments had been made for pictures to be taken, but 
the regular photographer was unable to go, so in 
desperation the United Press picked their crime 
photographer — a man accustomed to the toughest 
type of work in New York. He went to the airport, 
stayed there two hours, and returned later from 
dark room with a tremendous sheaf of pictures. 
He was supposed to take only two. His boss imme- 
diately chided him, 'What in the world are you 
wasting time and all those photographic supplies 

"The photographer replied very curtly, saying 
he would gladly pay for the extra materials, and 
they could even dock him for the extra time he 
took. It was obvious that he was very touchy about 
it. Several hours later the vice-president called 
him to his office, wanting to learn what happened. 
The crime photographer said, 'When I was a little 
boy, my mother used to read to me out of the Old 
Testament, and all my life I have wondered what 
a prophet of God must really look like. Well, today 
I found one.' " — Arch L. Madsen, president of 
Bonneville International Corporation 

"I have loved President McKay for a long, long 
time — since the winter of 1912-13 when Brother 
McKay came to Los Angeles to see us who had lost 
our homes in Mexico due to the revolution. He 
came to Sunday School, and he took a glass of 


Mourners wait for a moment's glance at the funeral bier 

how clear and beautiful the water was, and then he 
dropped a drop of ink in the water, and it was 
clouded all through. He said to us little fellows, 
'That is what sin does to a life.' I have ever since 
then been trying to keep that sin out of my life." 
— Elder Marion G. Romney of the Council of the 

"In the dedicatory service for the Samoan Saints 
at the New Zealand Temple, President McKay 
asked Brother Lafe Poilupi if he could translate 
the dedicatory prayer to be given by President 
McKay from English into the Samoan language. 
Brother Poilupi answered humbly by saying, 'I 
can do it if you will bless me.' President McKay 
answered, 'I do bless you.' Although Brother 
Poilupi had not heard the prayer previously nor 
seen a copy of it, he interpreted the prayer per- 
fectly, according to those well acquainted with 
both Samoan and English. He never hesitated nor 
did he ever need to correct himself." — Elder Del- 
bert L. Stapley of the Council of the Twelve 

"The phrase 'McKay weather' was not an un- 
usual one in those years when the President was 
traveling throughout the world as the new Presi- 
dent of the Church. Typical of the stories is this 
incident when President McKay asked me to 
accompany him to the South Pacific. We were 
refueling at Canton Island, 1,800 miles south of 
Honolulu. The President was up bright and early 
and in his seat when I sat beside him. 

"He said, 'You see those black flags out there? 
Word has come that there is a hurricane in our 
pathway toward the south.' We were concerned, 
but we took off and landed safely 1,200 miles later 
in Fiji that evening. 

General Authorities in their seats at the funeral 

"When we arrived at the cable office, the man 
was most concerned and asked, 'When did you 
arrive?' We answered, 'Just this evening.' 'Oh, 
you are the people who came through the hurri- 
cane !' 'What do you mean?' we asked. 

"He took us to a large map of the Pacific and 
said, 'As you were going south a very severe hurri- 
cane that had caused the rerouting of all military 
planes was moving exactly in your pathway, but 
all of a sudden — and they haven't been able to 
explain it — the hurricane veered out about 200 
miles to the west, stayed there for about two hours, 
and then moved right back about 200 miles into its 
original pathway. That time allowed you to come 
through with no difficulty,' he said. 

"As we walked to the hotel, President McKay 
said, 'That was the hand of the Lord that reached 
out and made it safe for us to come through.' " 
— Franklin J. Murdoch, Church travel agent 

Era, February 1970 73 

At Church College of New Zealand dedicatory services, April 1958 In New Zealand with the Prime Minister, 1958 

In Puketapu 

• The bustling little town of Hunt- 
ly, New Zealand, nestles along the 
broad banks of the lower Waikato 
River, in a pleasant valley of gently 
rolling hills lush with grass, trees, 
and the cool evergreen verdure of 
this pleasant land. On the west 
bank of the river once stood the 
small frame chapel of the Puketapu 
(Sacred-mount) Branch of the 
Church, largest congregation and 
center of the former Waikato Dis- 
trict of the New Zealand Mission. 
Here, one cool autumn day in 1921, 
occurred one -of the greatest spiri- 
tual manifestations in the history of 
the mission. 

In that year, the little Maori vil- 
lage was all abustle with activity. 
The Saints of the district and the 
local Puketapu Branch were busy 
making preparations, as hosts, for 
the coming hui-tau— the annual mis- 
sionwide conference to be held in 
April. Meeting tents and sleeping 
tents must be provided; kumara 
(sweet potato), meat, vegetables, 

By Elwin W. Jensen 

and potatoes must be gathered in 
great quantity; provisions and 
preparations must be made to 
house and feed the multitude who 
would assemble. This was to be no 
ordinary conference. A prophet of 
God was to be in attendance. The 
first General Authority ever to visit 
New Zealand, Elder David O. Mc- 
Kay of the Quorum of the Twelve, 
was expected to be present. Antici- 
pation was keen. 

A number of revisions had to be 
made in plans for the conference. 
Word had been received that the 
visiting brethren from Zion desired 
to meet with the Saints there. They 
would not arrive by the date initial- 
ly set for the conference, April 6, so 
the date was changed tentatively to 
April 15. However, some dock 
labor troubles had upset boat 
schedules, and the definite date of 
arrival was uncertain. Not until the 
April 13 issue of the mission news- 
paper was it officially announced— 
a new conference date had been set. 

A cablegram from the visitors, 
Elder McKay and his companion, 
Hugh J. Cannon, had been re- 
ceived, indicating an arrival date 
of April 20. Since the Saints were 
eager to meet a General Authority, 
the committee agreed ( for the third 
time) to change plans, and the 
conference was rescheduled for 
April 23, 24, and 25. 

Excitement was at its peak as 
members and friends gathered at 
the meeting grounds of the Puke- 
tapu Branch. The conference ses- 
sions, held in large meeting tents, 
were filled to overflowing. Out of 
courtesy, several of the leading 
Maori brethren were invited to 
speak. They made only brief re- 
marks, however, saying they had 
come "to fill their baskets." They 
were just an empty kit, with no food 
inside. Long had they desired to 
feed at the fountainhead of truth, 
to see a prophet. Now that one had 
arrived, they said, "Let us listen, 
and fill our baskets." 


Stuart Meha, stalwart mission 
worker, had been selected to act 
as interpreter for Elder McKay. 
He was well qualified, but he felt 
the heavy burden of this assign- 
ment. He knew the people would 
want to hear every word, every 

Then the prophet stood up. 
How he longed to speak to them 
in their own tongue. But he would 
ask that, through the Spirit, they 
might receive an understanding of 
the things he would say. His over- 
whelming love and dynamic person- 
ality seemed to bring the audience 
into full rapport. 

And then it happened: as the 
sermon proceeded it seemed as 
though the entire congregation 
understood. Brother Meha, taking 
notes preparatory to giving the 
translation, noticed the unusual re- 
action of the assemblage. He was 
startled. Even the older Maori 
Saints who could not speak English 
were nodding their heads in full 

Still uncertain of what had hap- 
pened, Brother Meha arose to give 
the translation. But as he spoke 
in the Maori tongue, one old 

brother interrupted and said that 
an important point had been 
omitted from the translated ver- 
sion. Three times this happened— 
three times during the translation 
Brother Meha was interrupted and 
reminded of a point he had over- 
looked. Suddenly he realized: 
These Maori members, though 
they did not know English, had 
understood, in detail, the entire 
sermon! The entire congregation 
had received the gift of interpre- 
tation, and through the manifesta- 
tion of the Spirit, they obtained a 
full understanding of the sermon. 

The entire conference was an un- 
usual spiritual feast. Never had 
the little Maori village experienced 
such an event. For years afterward 
the Saints would remember and 
talk of that special conference, and 
point out the spot where the meet- 
ings were held. 

One young Maori in particular 
would never forget, for not only 
had he seen and heard the prophet's 
sermon that day; he was also in- 
volved in another unusual drama. 
This was James Elkington, who had 
been assigned to patrol the village 
grounds to help maintain order. 

Outside agitators had attempted to 
disrupt some of the conference pro- 
ceedings. Once Brother Elkington 
had been obliged to ask them to 
leave, but in another meeting they 
rushed forward to the rostrum 
where Brother McKay was speak- 
ing. Uncertain of what to do, 
everyone was temporarily immobil- 
ized. But President McKay simply 
straightened up, looked at the agi- 
tator, put forth his hand, and in the 
quiet dignity of his majestic per- 
sonality, bade their leader wel- 
come. As soon as the erstwhile 
troublemaker touched the hand of 
President McKay, he seemed to wilt 
like a falling leaf. He ceased to 
speak, went limp, and quietly with- 
drew from the meeting, never to 

Today the' slim spire of a sacred 
temple rises from the green pas- 
tures of the Waikato, only a few 
miles distant from Huntly, a con- 
stant reminder and a tower of 
strength to the Saints in New Zea- 
land. Perhaps it is understandable 
why the Maori Saints have a spe- 
cial place in their hearts for David 
O. McKay and why they think 
of him as their own prophet. O 

"Welcome into the Kingdom 


By Ron Woods 

• As a convert of only five weeks, the Tabernacle as inspired men de- 

I was thrilled with the opportunity livered messages for the guidance 

to attend the general conference of of God's children on the earth. I 

April 1963. At the Friday morning was struck with the thought that 

session I watched and listened in it must be glorious to have the 

privilege of being near the Prophet 
of God as did those who sat around 

The next morning I left my 
apartment early to be sure to get a 

Era, February 1970 75 

seat again in the Tabernacle. It 
was quite early, and there was 
hardly anyone else on the street, 
but as I neared the Church Office 
Building on South Temple, I saw 
two people descending the steps to 
the street. The shock of white hair 
was what caught my eye first, and 
I knew that I was looking at the 
President of the Church. I was so 
startled that at first I hardly noticed 
that he was leaning on the arm of 
an aide. They reached the bottom 
of the stairs and turned in front of 
me, going in my direction, and I 
found myself walking five steps be- 
hind them. 

I quickly decided that I couldn't 

let such an opportunity go by, so 
with much anxiety for my boldness, 
I went up on his free side and said, 
"President McKay, may I walk with 
you too?" His gracious reply, his 
bright eyes, and the very radiance 
of his face all made me know that 
I was welcome. Any trepidation I 
had had about bothering such a 
busy man left me as he expressed a 
sincere interest in knowing about 
me— where I was from, if I had 
come for conference, whether I was 
a returned missionary. In answer 
to that last question, I told him 
that I had just recently been bap- 
tized. We had been walking slowly 
toward the Hotel Utah, but as I 

said this, he stopped and turned to 
me. Looking deep into my eyes, he 
reached out his hand for mine and 
said, "Brother Woods, let me give 
you the hand of fellowship. Wel- 
come into the kingdom." 

I had, in the process of my con- 
version, gained a testimony of 
Joseph Smith, but the idea of a 
living prophet hadn't yet made a 
deep impression on me. But as of 
that moment I knew that here was 
a living prophet of a living God. 

I cannot now walk that street 
without seeing in my mind those 
piercing eyes and hearing his inspir- 
ing words : "Welcome into the king- 
dom." , O 

ht to Remember 

• When the glooms gather and the 
sad days come, and when, like 
Ishmael in Moby Dick, I seem to 
be bringing up the rear of every 
funeral procession, I remember a 
night at the Albert Hall in London 
14 years ago, and my heart is lifted 
in a moment. 

In September 1955 my wife and 
I were new converts to the Church. 
We had not yet fully caught fire 
and were rather remiss in many of 
the duties laid upon us. We knew 
the Church was true, but we were 
having difficulty translating our 
knowledge into energetic, positive 

In that year the Tabernacle 
Choir came to England, and we ar- 
ranged to attend their concert at 
the Royal Albert Hall. 

As the great night came, we took 
our seats in the immense audi- 
torium with several thousand other 

By Derek Dixon 

Saints. And what a night it was! 
The singing of the choir held us 
enthralled for an hour and a half, 
and we felt as though we had been 
caught up to the glories of the king- 
dom of God. 

At the end of the concert, as the 
auditorium began to empty, we saw 
a man standing in a distant box, 
surrounded by a little knot of 
people. He seemed to tower above 

"Look!" said my wife. "There is 
President McKay." 

And it was. 

A sort of madness seized us, and 
we frantically tried to make our 
way toward his box. But, to our 
sorrow, by the time we got there 
he had already left the box with 
his party. 

Frantically we rushed to an out- 
side corridor, searching as we went 
for a sign of him. And then sudden- 

ly he was there, shaking hands with 
a few people. 

He was very tall, and his white 
wavy hair was a veritable crown. 
In spite of his size, there was about 
him an air of gentleness. And his 
eyes! They had a depth and pene- 
tration to them that I remember 
even at this distance of time. I 
looked into them and seemed to see 
eternity beyond. And my heart 
burned, and I knew that he truly 
was a prophet of the living God! 

He spoke to us and shook hands 
with us; then he turned and walked 
out into the night with the other 
members of his party. 

We stood there a very long time 
gazing at the door through which 
he had passed. We could never 
describe, never in a thousand years, 
how we felt at that time; for the 
Prophet had gone, but the testi- 
mony remained. O 


Flower-banked grave at the Salt Lake City cemetery 

Thoughts on 
President David Q McKay 

Rise up, Huntsville, 

Bare your 


Your son, 
Our Prophet, 
Has gone home. 

Lay his dust in 
The cool earth 
Beneath the Wasatch's 
Mighty gaze. 

Be tall, Mt. Ogden, 
And higher stand, 
Ben Lomond. 
He loved your peaks. 

By S. Dilworth Young 

Let the valley 

He taught the 

Lie warmer because 

Simple virtues: 

He was born 

Home — a shrine, 


Parenthood — a privilege, 

He received 

Motherhood — divine, 

Of its strength. 

Purity — Godlike. 

He was of this land. 

He did not 

Spell out 

He lifted up his 

Exaltation — 

Common clay, 

"We have it 

Purified it, 


Made it fit, 

He seemed to say, 

Put eternal impress 

On it. 

"In daily 

Acts — 

What we are 

With loving care 


Prepared it 

Mirrors what 

To be 

We shall there 



Era, February 1970 77 

Enjoying an old-time surrey ride at Brigham 
Young University's motion picture studio, 1953 

The Poetry of 
David Q McKay 

President David 0. McKay as a poet delighted 
family and friends with his personal poems to 

In answer to a homesick son on a mission, he 
wrote a lengthy poem of comfort and advice, con- 
cluding with : 

Old Time passes quickly — too quickly, my lad, 
As into our lives he throws good and bad; 
'Twill be but a span ere your wish you'll possess, 
And Mother and Bobbie you will fondly caress. 

Be yours then to say, in that moment of bliss, 
As loved ones you greet with a pure loving kiss; 
Though waves of temptation around me did roll, 
They but tempered my manhood; untainted's my 

His love for babies, sincere and beautiful, has 
been expressed in a choice gem that begins: 

Sweet, innocent, heavenly treasure, 
Spirit offspring of God from above, 
Gift of an All-Wise Creator, 
Expression of heavenly love! 
Thou stirrest my soul with emotion, 
I feel nearer God and the right; 
For nothing is half so inspiring, 
As a baby dressed in white. . . . 

President McKay called his younger daughter, 
Emma Rae, his "ray of sunshine," and when she 
left home for the first time in order to accept a 
teaching position at McCammon, Idaho, her cheer- 
ful laugh was missed very much around the house. 
Her father wrote the following poem: 

Emma Rae's Away 

Lonesome seems the home today, yet four of us 

are here! 
The sun is shining brightly, yet there's an absence, 

sure, of cheer! 
Mother — tearful — still is smiling, and the boys 

pretend to play, 
But home is not the same — now that Emma's gone 


Yesterday, I thought I heard the front door open 

For a moment, I'd forgotten, and in ecstacy I cried 
"Back so soon, my sunbeam! We've missed you all 

the day!" 
Then the shadow settled o'er me, for Emma's far 


It isn't at the mealtime that we miss your features 

(To speak the truth full freely, you were seldom 

Nor is it at the telephone where one must always 

To answer friends and schoolmates, "Emma Rae's 


It's in the mind, the thought, the feeling, 
In every heartbeat an appealing 
For the merry voice that brightened all the day — 
Still remains that lonely yearning, for Emma Rae's 


Twenty happy summers! why do years so quickly 


Why do circumstances challenge our wish to have 

you nigh ? 
Your cheerful soul and laughter made home a 

summer day, 
But now the leaves are turning — Emma Rae's 


Hasten the day, old Hand of Time, when our 

children no more roam! 
Bring back each as sweet and pure, as each left 

the childhood home! 
Till then, pass, Time, like lightning: as arrows 

speed the day! 
E'en then weeks move as oxcarts, while loved 

ones are away. 

President McKay's delightful sense of humor is 
expressed in a poem in his beloved Scotch. The 
poem, to President Rudger Clawson, is entitled : 

A Scotch Answer 

Your letter's before me awaiting reply — 

The ane to the "Scotchman sometimes called 

I'm sure that you think I've neglekit you sairly 
An' I'll no say myseV that I've treated you fairly. 

I beg ye'll forgive this unseemly delay — 

Ye ken weel that I've traveled for months far 

Then, besides, ye have been in this auld British 

So ye realize truly hoo much wark there's in hand. 

Ye ask for a rug wi' good pattern an' brown, 
Wi' a bouncin' good discount for cash paid right 

down : 
But do ye no ken hoo the Scots lo'e the penny? 
A discount! My word! It's gay hard to get any! 

But I found a true friend wi' rugs good and new, 
Whom I telt 'twas a present I'm buyin' for you. 
Said he: "Here's a tartan, the real, real McKai; 
Since it's you, I'll gi'e discount." Said I, "It's a 

Sae, noo, beloved brither, accept frae us twa, 
This Scotch steamer rug. When frosty winds blaw, 
Just wrap yersel warmly frae feet tae yer thigh, 
An' gie a kind thought tae yer friends called 

— David O. and Emma Ray 

The affection, love, and devotion of David 0. 
McKay for his sweetheart were expressed to her 
on birthdays, Christmas, and on other occasions 
in words, actions, and in writing. Sister McKay 
expressed her joy in receiving from her sweetheart 
"heart-petals in rhyme" with which he continued 
to woo her. 

To My Sweetheart on Our Golden Anniversary 

Old Time leaves his mark by wrinkling the brow, 

And by turning dark tresses to gray; 

Many changes he makes between Then and the 

As he silently rolls on his way. 

But some things grow sweeter as years come and 

For in essence they're really divine; 
That this is a fact I assuredly know, 
For these virtues transcendent are thine. 

Your sweetness and love, refinement of soul, 
Have been enhanced by each passing year; 
With loved ones around you, yours is the goal 
That brings heavenly joys very near. 

What I'm trying to say in this slow, limping verse 
Is, you're fifty times dearer as Sweetheart today 
That when you consented "for better or worse" 
To be my companion for aye! 

On Mother's Day 

Our children, God bless them, 

Are a credit and true — 
/ marvel to think how 

You mother' d them through 
Measles and mumps, 

Scarlet fever and cold — 
And the hundreds of rhijmes 

And fairy tales told! 

Ever patient, untiling, 

Devotedly true — 
Every virtue of mother 

God has given to you. 
Oft alone, without husband, 

Your family to raise, 
The world of your training 

Speaks only in praise. 

Era, February 1970 79 

At general conference in the late 1960s, with Presidents Hugh B. Brown and Joseph Fielding Smith 

A Man and His Messa 

By Dr. Neil J. Flinders and 
Jay R, Lowe 

• President David O. McKay was 
a man with a message: a message 
from God for the people of the 
world. From 1951 to 1970 he was 
commissioned to deliver that mes- 
sage as the Lord's chief oracle on 
the earth. Called and sustained at 
age 77 as presiding high priest of 
The Church of Jesus Christ of Lat- 
ter-day Saints, President McKay 
was quick to admit that "when God 
makes the prophet, he doesn't un- 
make the man." ( The Improvement 
Era, June 1962, p. 405. ) In his case 
this was particularly unnecessary. 

From his youth he grew and devel- 
oped "in wisdom and stature and 
favour with God and man." (Luke 
2:52.) His long life with his cher- 
ished wife was an example in deed 
of the message the Lord asked him 
to deliver in word. 

As chief administrator (1951- 
1970) and long-time apostolic am- 
bassador (1906-1970) for the 
Church, President McKay's inspired 
and insightful influence was widely 
felt. But it was during the annual 
and semiannual conferences of the 
Church when he formally addressed 

the world that his message as 
Prophet rang out in greatest clarity. 
A careful analysis of the addresses 
delivered by him during his nearly 
19 years as President of the Church 
attests to this clarity. The message 

Dr. Neil J. Flinders and Jay R. 
Lowe researched this article, which 
views President David O. McKay in 
light of the 106 general conference 
addresses he gave from April 1951 
to April 1969. Dr. Flinders is a 
research analyst for the Depart- 
ment of Seminaries and Institutes, 
and Brother Lowe is an instructor 
at Brigham Young University, where 
he is pursuing his doctorate. 


is as moving as it is prophetic, and 
it is repeated over and over in both 
provoking prose and touching 

The will of God impressed itself 
on his mind; and, apparently, it 
was during the April conference of 
1953 that this revelation settled into 
the clearly defined themes that 
were to echo and reecho over land 
and sea during the next two 
decades. In his own words he an- 
nounced to the world: 

". . . I have been impressed to 
emphasize two great functions of 
the Church: First, the putting in 
order of our homes, and keeping 
them in order; and second, the pro- 
claiming of the divinity of the mis- 
sion of our Lord and Savior, Jesus 
Christ." ( Era, June 1953, p. 400. ) 

Approximately 47 percent of the 
total content of his addresses dealt 
directly and explicitly with these 
two topics. Almost everything else 
that he said was in relation to these 
topics, whether it be self- discipline, 
free agency, Communism, crime, 
chastity, unity, or charity. 

Consistent with his role as a 
prophet was his effort to proclaim 
the divinity of Jesus Christ. He ex- 
horted all men everywhere to 
repent and accept Christ— to ac- 
quire a faith in Christ. Sixty-three 
percent of his conference remarks 
can be perceived as exhortations to 
repentance, and the single scrip- 
tural passage he quoted most often 
was Acts 4:12: "Neither is there 
salvation in any other: for there is 
none other name under heaven 
given among men, whereby we 
must be saved." 

A marked characteristic of his 
message to repent was a spirit and 
feeling of kindness, love, and great 
concern for the individual. This 
feeling can be discerned in the fol- 
lowing sentence: "With all my soul, 
I plead with the members of the 
Church and people everywhere, to 
think more about the gospel; more 

about the developing of the spirit 
within; to devote more time to the 
real things of life, and less time to 
those things which will perish." 
(Era, June 1968, p. 112.) 

The remainder of the content in 
his conference addresses fits pri- 
marily into three other categories: 
bearing personal witness of Christ 
(15.4%), warning of the anti-Christ 
and his evil (14.0%), and witness- 
ing to the restoration of the gospel 
to the earth in this dispensation 

President McKay saw a unique 
and vital relationship between the 
home environment and attaining 
and maintaining a living faith in 
Christ. He proclaimed that the 
home was the key to establishing 
faith in Christ among the people 
of the earth. He substantiated this 
position with realistic, practical, and 
persuasive evidence such as the 
following: A child spends an aver- 
age ratio of time of 16 to 1 in the 
home over the school and 126 to 1 
in the home over the church. With 
this link between Christ and the 
home clearly in mind, President 
McKay committed himself to struc- 
turing the function of the Church in 
a manner that would insure its 
practical implementation. The work 
toward correlation, home teaching, 
and the family home evening are 
prime examples of these efforts. 

"Home is the nearest image of 
heaven," "the family is the founda- 
tion of the state," "our home joys 
are the most delightful the earth 
affords," and "no other success can 
compensate for failure in the home" 
are some of the concepts he used to 
emphasize the importance of the 
home in an era when other minds 
are suggesting that the home be 
abolished as an institution. 

As mentioned previously, when 
President McKay was not dealing 
directly with the topics of faith in 
Christ or the home, he was usually 
drawing attention to subjects he 

Era, February 1970 81 




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felt were appendages of significant 
importance to these major themes. 
A great deal of attention is given 
in his addresses to those things 
that he felt were enemies of a 
faith in Christ and a healthy home. 
The enemies he described are: 

( 1 ) the lack of self-mastery— letting 
the physical rule the spiritual; 

(2) the threat of Communism, 
crime, and other forces that subvert 
free agency; (3) the lack of charity; 
(4) the lack of unity; and (5) the 
lack of reverence. The proportion 
of emphasis he gave each of these 
threats in relation to the others was 
roughly (1) 43%, (2) 29%, (3) 15%, 
(4) 10%, and (5) 3%. 

It is important to note that all of 
the enemies cited above except 
those in category number two are 
internal in nature, and they add up 
to 71% as compared to 29% for the 
external threats. President McKay 
was not a prophet of doom, but an 
optimistic and hopeful leader who 
loved life on this earth. He recog- 
nized and explained that the great- 
est dangers facing an individual's 
true welfare are within himself— not 
from without. Apparently, he felt 
it was much more important for 
individuals to correct self than to 
correct others; to be concerned 
about what one needs to do to self 
as against what one needs to do to 
others. This is in strong support of 
the conclusion that as a prophet, a 
large part of his concern was in 
calling members of the Church to 

President McKay loved the youth 
of the Church. He paid them great 
tributes and looked upon them as 
children of destiny. He ascribed 
the level of spirituality in the wards 
of the Church to the youth— as the 
young go, so goes the ward. Many 
times he spoke directly to youth 
and counseled them to seek a faith 
in God and to approach the Lord 
with that faith. If they would do 
this, he promised four great and 


immediate blessings would come to 
them— gratitude, guidance, confi- 
dence, and inspiration. He con- 
sistently lent his great energies to 
programs in the Church that would 
develop character in the youth. It 
was his conviction that "flabbiness 
of character more than flabbiness 
of muscles lies at the root of most 
problems facing American youth." 
(Era, June 1959, p. 423.) 

His main emphasis under the 
topic of "self-mastery" focused on 
the law of chastity and the Word of 
Wisdom. Of all individual sins, he 
most consistently warned of the 
dangers and destruction associated 
with unchastity. On this score he 
stood unmoved in the face of ac- 
celerated social trends over the 
world that condone sexual promis- 
cuity and increase tolerance toward 
infidelity. His position was clear, 
unequivocal, and in full accord with 
his predecessors. 

"Ever since the organization of 
the Church, its leaders have raised 
their voices warning that infidelity 
and sexual immorality are two 
principal evils that threaten to 
weaken and to wreck present-day 
civilization." (Era, June 1966, p. 

"In this day when modesty is 
thrust into the background, and 
chastity is considered an outmoded 
virtue, I appeal to parents espe- 
cially, and to my fellow teachers, 
both in and out of the Church, to 
teach youth to keep their souls un- 
manned and unsullied from this and 
other debasing sins, the conse- 
quences of which will smite and 
haunt them intimately until their 
conscience is seared and their 
character becomes sordid. A chaste, 
not a profligate, life is the source of 
virile manhood. The test of true 
womanhood comes when the wom- 
an stands innocent in the court of 
chastity. All qualities are crowned 
by this precious virtue of beautiful 
womanhood. It is the most vital 

In New Zealand, 1958 

part of the foundation of a happy 
married life and is the source of 
strength and perpetuity of the 
race." (Era, June 1967, pp. 25-26.) 

By example as well as by word 
President McKay indicated that the 
individual characteristic that at- 
tached itself to all other virtues of 
the soul was gratitude. His spirit 
and expression of gratitude per- 
meated all his addresses— it is a con- 
tinuous theme. This characteristic 
harmonized well with his magnani- 
mous character. He felt and ex- 
pressed a world view— a universal 
brotherhood. In approximately 550 
quotations that appear in his con- 
ference addresses, 384 were from 
the scriptures and 165 were from 
non-scriptural sources. A total of 
100 individuals other than writers 
of the scriptures are quoted in his 
discourses. The preponderate ma- 
jority (91 to 9) were not members 
of the Church. 

Standing solidly on his relation- 
ship with Christ, whom he quotes 
225 times, he reached out toward 
truth in many directions and fre- 
quently called attention to the wis- 
dom and insights of men who saw 
and spoke that which would edify 
and uplift their fellowmen. This 

spirit of fellowship with all the 
children of God was apparently felt 
by those from all walks of life whom 
he visited and who visited with 
him. Repeatedly, he indicated that 
the source of this love was his faith 
in and relationship to Christ— a 
faith that he acquired under the 
stimulation of a memorable home 

The single topic that he empha- 
sized in every conference— the need 
for a great and universal faith in 
Christ— was always prominent in 
his thinking as it is expressed in 
these addresses. No matter what 
problems and needs were being 
considered, Christ was invariably 
recommended as the only ultimate 
solution. "Without Jesus Christ of 
Nazareth, the Crucified Christ, the 
Risen Lord, traits of the jungle will 
hold the human family in bondage." 
(Era, December 1965, p. 1099.) 
This need to bring Christ into our 
individual lives and into our homes 
that we might have order in our af- 
fairs and an aura of true love sur- 
rounding our relationships was the 
message delivered by President 
David O. McKay— a man with a 
message from God for the people 
of the world. O 

Era, February 1970 83 

Speaking at a Brigham Young University preschool workshop for faculty and administrators 

The Words of a Prophet 

"Today, as always, we need 
men and women who have the 
courage to think right, to speak 
right, and to do right!" 

"Love is the highest attribute 
of the human soul, and fidelity 
is love's noblest offspring." 

"To he the worthy son or the 
worthy daughter of noble par- 
ents is one of the greatest re- 
sponsibilities of youth." 

"Man's free agency is an eter- 
nal principle of progress, and 
any form of government that 

curtails or inhibits its free exer- 
cise is wrong. 

"There are things in the world 
which we may and should de- 
spise, but we can condemn the 
evil without hating the man." 

"No man can disobey the 
ivord of God and not suffer for 
so doing. No sin, however se- 
cret, can escape retribution." 

"Our children are our most 
priceless possession. They are 
the treasures of eternity. None 
of them should be lost." 

"Christ is the way, the truth, 
the life, the only safe guide to 
that haven of peace for which 
men and women the wide world 
over are earnestly praying." 

"The hardest battles of life 
are fought within the chambers 
of the soul." 

"Horizon means something 
bounded by observation or ex- 
perience — but the horizons with- 
in us are limited only by the 
boundary of imagination and 

"In all the problems and per- 
plexities of human existence, 
Jesus Christ is the one safe guide 
to whom we can go for guidance 
and comfort." 

"While we solicitously call at- 
tention to the tragedies in the 
stream of human life, let us not 
be unmindful of the much 
greater group who move steadily 
and successfully along, avoiding 
the sandbars and rapids of sin- 
ful indulgence and spiritual de- 
cay, whose noble lives confirm 
and increase confidence in the 
growing generation." 

"True education — the educa- 
tion for which the Church stands 
— is the application of knowledge 
to the development of a noble 
and godlike character." 

"We are living in what may be 
the most epoch-making period of 
all time. Scientific discoveries 
and inventions, the breaking 
down of heretofore approved 


social and moral standards, the 
uprooting of old religious moor- 
ings — all give evidence that we 
are witnessing one of those tidal 
waves of human thought which 
periodically sweep over the 
world and change the destiny of 
the human race." 

"We must continue to declare 
that the gospel, the glad tidings 
of great joy, is the true guide to 
mankind; and that men and 
women are happiest and most 
content who live nearest its 

"Man's chief concern in life 
should not he the acquiring of 
gold, or of fame, or of material 
possessions. It should not be the 
development of physical powers, 
nor of intellectual strength. His 
aim, the highest in life, should 
be the development of a Christ- 
like character." 

"The worth of man is a good 
measuring rod by which we may 
judge the rightfulness or the 
wrongfulness of a policy or 
principle, whether in govern- 
ment, in business, or in social 

"The most potent influence in 
training youth is to cherish life, 
to have increased respect for 
human kind, to keep their word 
of honor, to love justice, in the 
life and personality of the 

"The true purpose of life is 
perfection of humanity through 
individual effort, under the 

guidance of God's inspiration. 
Real life, is response to the best 
about us." 

"No other success in life can 
compensate for failure in the 

"Parents are urged to gather 
their families around them, and 
to instruct them in truth and 
righteousness, and in family love 
and loyalty, for the home is the 
basis of a righteous life, and no 
other instrumentality can take 
its place nor fulfill its essential 
functions. The problems of 
these times cannot better be 
solved in any other place, by any 
other agency, by any other 
means, than by love and rever- 
ence and righteous teaching and 
example at home." 

"Choose good companions and 
find among them those with 
whom you would like to go 
through life and eternity." 

"Acceptance of the divinity of 
Christ's mission and compliance 
with the principles of his gospel 
give assurance of immortality 
and eternal life." 

"Truly, the holiest words my 
tongue can phrase, and the 
noblest thoughts my soul can 
claim, are unworthy of mother- 
hood. It is a quality more pre- 
cious than all others. 'In infancy 
I saiv her lovely face. I came to 
manhood and find it still the 
same. Reverently I breathe her 
name, the precious name of 
mother.' " *" 

Era, February 1970 85 

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"The dearest possession a man 
has is his family." 

"Every member a missionary." 

"Many people, have lost the 
proper sense of values and have 
sought peace and happiness of 
wealth at the expense of spiritual 

"A man's character is greater 
than intellectual attainments or 
social privilege." 

"I appreciate with all ray heart 
the knowledge of Christ's plan 
for the establishment of peace 
among mankind. The assurance 
of the efficacy of that plan brings 
peace to the soul beyond the 
power of expression." 

"Families who prayerfully pre- 
pare and consistently hold their 
weekly home evenings, and who 
work together during the week 
to apply the lessons in their lives, 
will be blessed." 

"Meditation is one of the most 
secret, most sacred doors through 
which we pass into the presence 
of the Lord." 

"Next to the home, the Church 
should be a dominant force in 
safeguarding our youth." 

"What you think about in your 
secluded moments will radiate 
from you when you stand in the 
presence of others." 

"A noble and godlike char- 
acter is not a thing of favor or 


chance, but is a natural result 
of continued effort and right 
thinking, the effect of long- 
cherished association with god- 
like thoughts." 

"To hold the priesthood of 
God by divine authority is one 
of the greatest gifts that can come 
to a man, and worthiness is of 
first importance." 

"Temple marriage is the be- 
ginning of traveling on a road 
together — a road that will never 
end. Eternal joys may be 
glimpsed in the temple. These 
joys may be yours — together — if 
you will but follow the eternal 
principles outlined for you on 
your wedding day in the house 
of the Lord." 

"A chaste life is the source of 
virile manhood, the crown of 
beautiful womanhood, the con- 
tributing source of harmony and 
happiness in family life, and the 
source of strength and perpetuity 
of the race." 

"All of us should take pride 
in making Mormonism a syno- 
nym for trustworthiness, temper- 
ance, chastity, honesty, justice." 

"He who seeks for happiness 
alone seldom finds it, but he 
who lives, that is, who loses him- 
self to give happiness to others, 
finds that a double portion has 
come to himself." 

"Thankfulness is the begin- 
ning of gratitude. Gratitude is 
the completion of thankfulness. 

Thankfulness may consist merely 
of words. Gratitude is shown in 



4 It is your duty to teach that 
Jesus Christ is the Redeemer of 
the world, that Joseph Smith was 
a prophet of God." 

"Since love is as eternal as life, 
the message of the resurrection 
is the most comforting, the most 
glorious ever given to man; for 
when death takes a loved one 
from us, we can look into the 
open grave and say, 'He is not 
here; he is alive.' " 

"Selfishness is the root from 
which spring most human ills." 

"We must continue to declare 
that the gospel, the glad tidings 
of great joy, is the true guide to 
mankind; and that men and 
women are happiest and most 
content who live nearest its 

"The strength of any com- 
munity consists of and exists in 
the men who are pure, clean, up- 
right, and straightforward, ready 
for the right, and sensitive to 
every approach of evil. Let such 
ideals be, the standard of citizen- 

"What you think about in 
your secluded moments will 
radiate from you when you stand 
in the presence of others." 

"A man's character is greater 
than intellectual attainments or 
social privilege." O 

Police escort hearse from Church Office Building to the Tabernacle for funeral 

President Joseph Fielding Smith reads his tribute to President McKay at the funeral 

Sermons delivered at the funeral of President David 0. McKay, January 22, 1970 

"One Who Loved 
His Fellowmen" 

President Joseph Fielding Smith 

• I honor and revere the name and the 
memory of President David O. McKay. 

For 60 years I sat by his side in the 
presiding councils of the Church. I 
came to know him intimately and well, 
and I loved him as a man and honored 
him as a prophet. 

He was a true servant of the Lord — 
one who walked uprightly before his 
Maker; one who loved his fellowmen; 
one who enjoyed life and rejoiced in 
the privilege of service that was his; 
one who served with an eye single to 
the glory of God. 

He exemplified perfectly the Old 
Testament standard: ". . . what doth 
the Lord require of thee, but to do 
justly, and to love mercy, and to walk 
humbly with thy God?" (Mic. 6:8.) 

As stated editorially in the Deseret 
News: "If ever a man of modern history 
left his world better for having lived 
in it, that man was David Oman 

"Wherever he passed, men lifted 
their heads with more hope and cour- 
age. Wherever his voice was heard, 
there followed greater kindness among 

Era, February 1970 87 

men, greater tolerance, greater love. 
Wherever his influence was felt, man 
and God became closer in purpose and 
in action." 

President McKay was called to the 
holy apostleship in April 1906 by my 
father, President Joseph F. Smith, who 
acted under the inspiration of the 
Spirit, and he became one of the great- 
est and most inspired leaders of this 

In the early days of his ministry the 
Brethren used to go out on assignments 
two by two. Often President McKay 
and I went together. We would travel 
as far as we could by train and then 
the local brethren would meet us with 
a white top or a wagon. Sometimes we 
continued on horses or mules or by 
ox team. Many times we slept out 
under the stars or in such houses or 
cabins as were available. 

In all his travels President McKay 
was a perfect gentleman — always kind 
and considerate, more interested in my 
comfort than in his own. 

I shall miss him greatly. It does not 
seem possible that he has left us. But 
we know he has gone to a joyous re- 
union with his father and mother and 
that he is now taking up his labors in 
the paradise of God as he begins to 
associate anew with his good friends 
who preceded him into the realms 
ahead, with Stephen L Richards and 
J. Reuben Clark, with George Albert 
Smith and Heber J. Grant, with Henry 
D. Moyle and Joseph F. Smith, and 
a host of others. 

To my mind two statements made 
by the prophet Lehi exemplify the life 
of President McKay. He was like a 
great river, "continually running into 
the fountain of all righteousness," and 
he was like a mighty valley, "firm and 
steadfast, and immovable in keeping 
the commandments of the Lord!" 
(1 Ne. 2:9-10.) 

I thank God for the life and ministry 
of this great man. He was a soul set 
apart, a great spirit who came here to 
preside in Israel. He did his work well 
and has returned clean and perfected 
to the realms of light and joyous re- 
union. If ever there was to whom 
these words of scriptural benediction 
might well be said, it was President 

"Come, ye blessed of my Father, in- 
herit the kingdom prepared for you 
from the foundation of the world" 
(Matt. 25:34), for ye did all things well 
that were entrusted unto thy care. 

I pray that the peace of heaven may 
rest with Sister McKay and their family 
and that the spirit of emulation may 
abound in the hearts of all of us for 
that mighty prophet whose memory is 
hallowed to us this day. 
In the name of Jesus Christ. Amen. O 

Cod Makes 
a Ciant Anions Men 


Elder Hugh B. Brown 

Of the Council of the Twelve 

• "Here and there, and now and then, 
God makes a giant among men." Presi- 
dent McKay was a symbol of moral 
strength to the people of many nations. 
His life was an inspiration, his memory 
a benediction. 

He was a man who was tall in 
character as well as physically. He 
stood out, head and shoulders, above 
the crowd — a measuring standard for 
manhood. He was known for his 
largeness of spirit and the grace with 
which he lived. 

The "God-image" quality of Presi- 
dent McKay's nature was the root of 
his dignity. Those who listened to him 
felt there was something finer in the 
man than anything that he said. 

When a great man dies, for years 
the light he leaves behind him lies on 
the paths of men. The love, the teach- 
ings, the life of President McKay have 
been an inspiration and a proud influ- 
ence for good in the world. 

As Robert Louis Stevenson said, and 
President McKay often liked to quote 
this: "He has achieved success who 
has lived well, laughed often, and 
loved much, who has gained the respect 
of intelligent men and the love of 
little children, who has filled his niche 
and accomplished his task, who has 
left the world better than he found 

President McKay has done that. He 
had the ability to inspire all whose 
lives he touched. 

A noted newspaper columnist wrote 
of him: "President McKay is a man 
with a strong, friendly face, a coura- 
geous smile, an amazing memory, and 
a deep understanding of his fellow- 
men. ... I have met many of the 
religious leaders of the world but 
none with a more contagious humor, 
practical good sense and homespun 

People are impressed by convictions 
and earnestness, and the dignity and 
simplicity that go along with being 
honest. Religion gets into the blood 

We believe that the teachings of 
Jesus Christ are not primarily theologi- 
cal dogma, but a moral idea. His 
kingdom is not so much a theory to be 
believed as a goal to be sought. The 
vision that you glorify in your mind, 
the ideal that you enthrone in your 

heart, that you will become. 

President McKay has lived as nearly 
as it is humanly possible for any man 
to live a Christ-like life. He found 
that the answer to the yearnings of 
the human heart for fullness lies in 
living outside oneself by love. He 
proved the truth of Christ's paradoxical 
saying, "He that loseth his life for my 
sake shall find it." (Matt. 10:39.) He 
was a true servant of the Lord, one who 
lived as he taught. 

He was aware that there are capaci- 
ties and powers within us beyond 
comprehension. Our faith can bring 
us the wisdom to know what to do, 
and the strength to do it. 

Leadership denotes followship. No 
real leader finds it necessary to remind 
others that he is the leader. He must 
so conduct himself as to inspire con- 
fidence. This age is calling for 

I would like to share with you some- 
thing that President McKay once said: 

"If even the simplest principles of 
the Savior's teachings had been ob- 
served, history would have been 
changed. . . . The Church of Jesus 
Christ of Latter-day Saints accepts as 
literally true the words of Jesus: 'I am 
come that they might have life, and 
that they might have it more abun- 
dantly.' (John 10:10.) We believe, 
however, that this abundant life is 
obtained not only from spiritual ex- 
altation, but also by the application to 
daily life of the principles that Jesus 

"These principles are few and simple 
and may, if desired, be applied by 
every normal person. The first of these, 
and the foundation upon which a true 
Christian society is built, is: 'Thou 
shalt love the Lord thy God with all 
thy heart, and with all thy soul, and 
with all thy mind.' " (Mark 12:30.) 

He emphasized the latter part of that. 
He loved God with all his soul, but he 
loved him with all his mind, too, and 
because of that interpretation of the 
meaning of the scripture, he spent a 
lifetime improving his mind, reaching 
up, looking out, lifting up, and thus he 
blessed all who met him. 

General Omar Bradley spoke truly 
when he said, "With the monstrous 
weapons man already has, humanity is 
in danger of being trapped in this 


world by its moral adolescence. Our 
knowledge of science has clearly out- 
stripped our capacity to control it. (We 
have too many men of science — too few 
men of God.) We have grasped the 
mystery of the atom and rejected the 
Sermon on the Mount. Man is stum- 
bling blindly through a spiritual dark- 
ness while toying with the precarious 
secrets of life and death. The world 
has achieved brilliance without wis- 
dom, power without conscience. Ours 
is a world of nuclear giants and ethical 

We thank the Lord for leaders such 
as President McKay who help us to 
keep a true sense of values, to realize 
and act upon the revealed fact that 
man is a child of God: that, as the 
apostle Paul said, we are "joint-heirs 
with Christ." (Rom. 8:17.) 

Dr. James E. Talmage, who for many 
years was associated with President 
McKay in the Council of the Twelve, 
sums up a discussion of the creation of 
the universe as follows: 

"What is man in this boundless 
setting of sublime splendor? I answer 
you: Potentially now, actually to be. 
He is greater and grander, more pre- 
cious in the arithmetic of God, than all 
the planets and suns of space. For him 
they were created: they are his handi- 
work: man is his son. In this world, 
man is given dominion over a few 
things. It is his privilege to achieve 
supremacy over many things. 

'The heavens declare the glory of 
God,' said the Psalmist, 'And the 
firmament showeth his handiwork.' 
Incomprehensibly grand as are the 
physical creations of the earth and 
space, they have been brought into 
existence as a means to an end, neces- 
sary to the realization of the supreme 
purpose, which in the words of the 
creator himself is thus declared: 'This 
is my work and my glory — to bring to 
pass the immortality and eternal life 
of man.' " 

But now, after quoting the poets, 
historians, scientists, and philosophers, 
and others, there is really only one 
source from which we get our inspira- 
tion when thinking of the meaning 
and purpose of life and death. That 
source is the holy scriptures. In First 
Corinthians we read: "If in this life 
only we have hope in Christ, we are of 
all men most miserable. But now is 
Christ risen from the dead, and become 
the firstfruits of them that slept. For 
since by man came death, by man came 
also the resurrection of the dead. For 
as in Adam all die, even so in Christ 
shall all be made alive." (1 Cor. 15:19- 

And again in the same chapter, 
"There are also celestial bodies, and 
bodies terrestrial: but the glory of the 

Era, February 1970 89 



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celestial is one, and the glory of the 
terrestrial is another. There is one 
glory of the sun, and another glory of 
the moon, and another glory of the 
stars: for one star differeth from an- 
other star in glory. So also is the resur- 
rection of the dead. . . ," (1 Cor. 

"So when this corruptible shall have 
put on incorruption, and this mortal 
shall have put on immortality, then 
shall be brought to pass the saying that 
is written, Death is swallowed up in 

"O death, where is thy sting? O 
grave, where is thy victory?" (1 Cor. 

There is nothing more inspiring than 
that account given in the four Gospels, 
where disciples, including some women, 
went to the sepulchre. You will re- 
member, Peter and John ran to the 
sepulchre when they were told that 
Christ had been taken away. Peter was 
more impetuous; John more fleet of 
foot; but Peter ran into the sepulchre 
and saw that the body of Christ was 
not there. The linen clothes had been 
laid aside. 

Mary Magdalene stood without, 
weeping. Then she looked in the tomb 
and saw two angels in white, who said 
to her, "Woman, why weepest thou?" 

She said, ". . . they have taken away 
my Lord, and I know not where they 
have laid him." 

And then as she stepped back she 
became aware of the presence of some- 
one. Her head was bowed; her heart 
was heavy. She did not dare to raise 
her eyes, and looked only at the feet 
and ankles of the person who stood 

He said to her, "Woman, why weep- 
est thou? whom seekest thou?" She said, 
"If thou hast borne him hence, tell me 
. . . and I will take him away." 

And then the Lord and Savior Jesus 
Christ said to her, "Mary." And there 
was a complete change in her whole 
being as she heard her name spoken. 
She became aware of the fact that the 
living Christ had addressed her and 
called her by name. She raised from 
agony to ecstasy and would have em- 
braced him but he forbade her and told 
her to go and tell the brethren: "I 
ascend unto my Father, and your 
Father; and to my God, and your God." 
And she went. (See John 20.) 

It was difficult for them to under- 
stand the truth of what she said. Even 
these who had been closest to him 
through his life could not comprehend 
the true meaning of the resurrection. 
Then he came to them in that upper 
room. Ten of them were present. They 
fell back, afrighted. And he said, "Why 
are you troubled? ... it is I myself: 
handle me, and see, for a spirit has 


not flesh and bones, as you see me 
have." (See Luke 24:37-39.) It was an 
inspiring occasion, but even then they 
needed more to fully convince them. 

And at a later date, 11 of them met 
again. Thomas was present this time, 
Thomas who had said, "I will not be- 
lieve unless I see the prints in his hands 
and feet." While they were there 
meditating, He appeared, even though 
the doors and windows were closed. 
And he said to Thomas, ". . . reach 
hither thy hand, and thrust it into 
my side. . . ." 

And Thomas said, "My Lord and my 
God." (See John 20:25-28.) 

He met with them on various occa- 
sions, and with 500 of the brethren on 
one occasion. He met them at the Sea 
of Tiberias, and then he went out near 
Bethany; a number of his followers 
were with him, and he was taken up in 
a cloud and ascended into heaven. 
There were angels present, and they 
said to those who were there: "Ye men 
of Galilee, why stand ye gazing up 
into heaven? this same Jesus, which is 
taken up from you into heaven, shall 
so come in like manner as ye have 
seen him go into heaven." (Acts 1:11.) 

It is because of this promise that we 
bear our witness to the world that the 
second coming of Christ is imminent. 
We know not when — it has not been 
revealed — but we are sure that it will 

May God's blessings be with us and 
may we do everything in our power to 
hasten the day when universal peace 
will be established, when the gospel 
will be understood, when the Son of 
God, the Prince of Peace, will come 
and rule and reign. When that time 
comes, David O. McKay will be among 
those who will be with the Master and 
will greet us, if we can prepare our- 
selves to be worthy to see him again. 

God bless you, my brethren and 
sisters, all present and all who are 
listening, that peace may enter your 
hearts and from there radiate to all 
the communities where you live. May 
the peace which Christ promised to 
the world finally come, and it will 
come if more men will emulate the 
wonderful example of our beloved 

The Lord bless you, Sister McKay, 
and your family, and may you have 
that peace of which Jesus spoke when 
he said, "Peace I leave with you, my 
peace I give unto you: not as the world 
giveth, give I unto you. Let not your 
heart be troubled, neither let it be 
afraid." "In my Father's house are 
many mansions: if it were not so I 
would have told you." (John 14:27, 2.) 

May his peace and blessings be with 
all of us, I pray in the name of Jesus 
Christ. Amen. O 

'A True Exemplar 
of the Life of Christ 

President N. Eldon Tanner 
Second Counselor in the First Presidency 

• We have met here today as an ex- 
pression of our love and respect for our 
departed, illustrious, devoted, and be- 
loved leader, David O. McKay — a 
prophet of God — and to his devoted 
wife and family. 

It is a real honor and a humbling 
experience indeed to be asked by the 
family to speak at the funeral of their 
husband, father, grandfather, and 
brother, who was loved, respected, and 
adored by every one of them. 

As I stand before you on this most 
solemn occasion, I feel so inadequate 
in trying to express my feelings, and 
humbly pray that the spirit and bless- 
ings of the Lord will attend each and 
every one of us and that what I may 
say might be of some comfort and 
solace to the family and encouragement 
to those who are paying homage to this 
great man. 

He has spent his whole life in the 
service of his Lord and Savior and of 
his fellowmen. It has been a signal 
honor, privilege, and blessing and a 
most rewarding experience for me to 
have been called by the prophet as one 
of his counselors, and for six glorious 
years to sit in council with him, to feel 
his great spirit, and to have been taught 
and inspired by the Lord's anointed. 
I have continually prayed and shall 
continue to pray and strive to be 
worthy of this rare and wonderful 
opportunity and blessing, which is be- 
yond compare. 

I wish to express my appreciation for 
the opportunity I have had of becom- 
ing so well acquainted with his sweet 
and devoted wife, Emma Ray, whom I 
have always loved and respected, and 
also for the close and pleasant associa- 
tion I have had with Lawrence as 
superintendent of the Sunday School 
and in a business way, and with Ed- 
ward, Robert, and with Conway Ash- 
ton, and other members of this fine 
family whom I have learned to love 
and respect. 

I should like personally to express 
my appreciation to the doctors and 
nurses for their true love, devotion, 
and kindness in caring for his every 
need, and which he appreciated so 

After a normal lifetime of service, 
he was called at the age of 77 as a 
prophet of God to preside over The 
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day 
Saints. Though he had passed the age 

when most men have finished their 
mortal life, he was hale, hardy, and 
alert, loving life and the challenges 
before him. He has presided over the 
Church for 19 years. 

Under his leadership the Church has 
enjoyed unprecedented physical and 
spiritual growth. The missionary pro- 
gram has made greater progress, and 
we have seen more temple building 
than ever before. Priesthood programs 
and activity have been greatly enlarged, 
a successful correlation program in- 
augurated, and Regional Representa- 
tives of the Twelve have been called to 
assist in furthering the Church's world- 
wide program. In response to a grow- 
ing need for an answer to some of the 
social problems confronting us, there 
has been greater emphasis on the im- 
portance of home and family relation- 
ships than at any other time. 

His life of outstanding service and 
leadership has been acknowledged, and 
great tribute expressed, by newspapers, 
radio, and television from all over the 
continent, and elsewhere in the world, 
and by telegrams, letters, and phone 
calls from admirers far and near. 

As one of the greatest prophets and 
leaders of this dispensation, his counsel 
has been sought and his influence felt 
by leaders in all walks of life, includ- 
ing Presidents of the United States. He 
was loved and respected and revered 
by millions of people who now mourn 
his passing. 

During his whole life he was a true 
examplar of the life of Christ. He fol- 
lowed and lived by the two great 
comandments which the Lord gave to 
the lawyer, who asked him, tempting, 
"Master, which is the great command- 
ment in the law? 

"Jesus said unto him, Thou shalt 
love the Lord thy God with all thy 
heart, and with all thy soul, and with 
all thy mind. 

"This is the first and great com- 

"And the second is like unto it, Thou 
shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. 

"On these two commandments hang 
all the law and the prophets." (Matt. 

I should like to refer to one or two 
instances that seem to depict the love 
and harmony that existed in his home. 
When he was 90 years of age, Sister 
McKay, his lovely wife, wrote the 
following tribute: 

Era, February 1970 91 

Scene at the Salt Lake cemetery 

"I am very, very proud of my hus- 
band. He is just as lovely, just as 
courteous, just as polite, just as kind, 
just as sweet in our home as he is any- 
where else, and I am very proud of 
him. And I am very grateful for him. 

I cannot see a thing wrong with him. 
And I pray that our brethren will try 
to follow his example in every way, 
shape, and form." 

There are two experiences which I 
have had, and which touch my heart, 
that I should like to repeat to you 
today. One morning, shortly after he 
had left the hospital following a slight 
stroke, I was in his study with him, and 
he said: "President Tanner, I had the 
sweetest experience last night. About 

II o'clock I got up to go to the bath- 
room, and had only gone two or three 
steps when Emma Ray was by my side, 
holding my hand." And I wondered 
how this little frail woman could assist 
this big man, but as tears came to his 
eyes, I knew that she had helped him 
through love and consideration for his 

At another time I had him in his 
wheelchair and was wheeling him out 
to go to the meeting in the temple. I 
just got to the front door when he said, 
"Oh, I must kiss Emma Ray good-bye." 
Here he was in a wheelchair, on his 
way to a meeting, had only been mar- 
ried for 65 years, and feeling it impor- 
tant that he should kiss his sweet wife 
good-bye. I turned his wheelchair 
around and wheeled him back through 
the hall, through the living room, to 
the bedroom, where he kissed Emma 
Ray good-bye. Then tears came to my 
eyes, and I thought what an example 
of love and affection, which, if prac- 
ticed in every home, would contribute 

greatly to our joy and unity and 

His love of and devotion to the Lord 
cannot be questioned. Another experi- 
ence I should like to repeat took place 
just before I was called into the First 
Presidency. We were sitting in a meet- 
ing of the First Presidency and Quorum 
of the Twelve discussing a very im- 
portant matter, trying to determine 
what would be in the best interest of 
the Church and acceptable to our 
Heavenly Father. After the discussion 
had gone on for some little time, 
President McKay said, "Brethren, I 
think this is what the Lord would want 
us to do." 

All of the brethren, though some 
strong views had been stated, realized 
that we should do as the President 
directed. I turned to a brother by 
whom I was sitting and said, "I never 
cease to marvel at the wisdom of that 
man, the keenness of his mind, how he 
can analyze a problem and come up 
with the right solution." 

He turned to me and said, as he put 
his hand on my knee, "You are listen- 
ing to a prophet of God." I was 
startled and a little chagrined, because 
I too knew that we were listening to a 
prophet of God, and that his answer 
would need to be correct and what the 
Lord would want us to do. 

He believed, followed, and under- 
stood the gospel of Jesus Christ. He 
knew and taught that death was just 
passing from mortal to immortal exis- 
tence to a life hereafter. 

A little grandson of mine, eight 
years of age, who had leukemia and 
understood the seriousness of his con- 
dition, paid a great tribute to President 
McKay. His teacher had asked the 

class to write out what each would like 
to be more than anything else. Little 
Tommy wrote: "I would like to be 
President McKay because he is a 
prophet of God. When he dies he will 
go to the celestial kingdom, and that 
is where I want to go." 

Then he finished by saying, "Maybe 
I'll get there anyway." Such is the 
faith of a little child, and I am sure 
his wish has been realized. The Savior 
said: "Except ye be converted, and be- 
come as little children, ye shall not 
enter into the kingdom of heaven." 
(Matt. 18:3.) 

Another little incident I should like 
to relate took place as President Mc- 
Kay's family were discussing the fact 
that he would be given a great welcome 
by the prophets and General Authori- 
ties who had preceded him, and by his 
father, his mother and brothers, and 
his many friends. His grandson Mark 
spoke up and said, "You know, it would 
really be interesting to be in on that 
celebration that is going on in heaven 
for Papa Dade. Boy! He's really got 
it made!" 

How fortunate and blessed we are 
to know that we are the spirit children 
of God, that God lives, and that his 
Son Jesus Christ actually came to earth 
and gave his life that we might be 
resurrected and enjoy immortality and 
eternal life. This will make it possible 
for every one of us to go back into his 
presence if we will but follow the plan 
laid down by him. 

President McKay has said much on 
this subject, and I should like to read 
at length some of the things he has 
said regarding life and the resurrection. 
He quoted John 3:16: 

"For God so loved the world, that he 
gave his Only Begotten Son, that who- 
soever believeth in him should not 
perish, but have everlasting life." 

Then President McKay goes on to 

"As Christ lived after death so shall 
all men live, each taking his place in 
the next world for which he has best 
fitted himself. The message of the 
resurrection, therefore, is the most com- 
forting, the most glorious ever given 
to man, for when death takes a loved 
one from us, our sorrowing hearts are 
assuaged by the hope and the divine 
assurance expressed in the words: 'He 
is not here; for he is risen.' (Matt. 
28:6.) Because our Redeemer lives, so 
shall we. I bear you my witness that 
he does live, and I know it as I hope 
you know that divine truth." 

Further quoting from President 

"Resurrection and spring are happily 
associated, not that there is anything 
in nature exactly analogous to the 
resurrection, but there is so much 


which suggests the awakening thought. 
Like the stillness of death, old winter 
has held all vegetable life in his grasp, 
but as spring approaches, the tender, 
life-giving power of heat and light 
compels him to relinquish his grip, and 
what seems to have been dead comes 
forth in newness of life, refreshed, in- 
vigorated, strengthened after a peace- 
ful sleep. 

"So it is with man. What we call 
death, Jesus referred to as sleep. In- 
deed, to the Savior of the world there 
is no such thing as death — only life — 
eternal life. Truly he could say, 'I am 
the resurrection, and the life: he that 
believeth in me, though he were dead, 
yet shall he live.' (John 11:25.) 

"With this assurance, obedience to 
eternal law should be a joy, not a 
burden, for life is joy, life is love. It 
is disobedience that brings death. 
Obedience to Christ and his laws brings 

"The Church of Jesus Christ of 
Latter-day Saints stands with Peter, 
with Paul, with James, and with all the 
other apostles who accepted the 
resurrection not only as being literally 
true, but as the consummation of 
Christ's divine mission on earth. Christ 
broke the seal of the grave and re- 
vealed death as the door to immortality 
and eternal life. He is real. He lives. 
God help us to believe in him with all 
our souls, and to make him real in 
our lives." 

President McKay then says: 

"The important question with each 
of us today, as it should be always, is: 
How well prepared are we to meet that 
eventuality in life, that inescapable 
experience called death? One man, 
contemplating this, tried to imagine 
what we could take with us when the 
end came. He wrote: 

" 'Supposing today were your last day 

on earth, 
The last mile of the journey you've 

After all of your struggles, how much 

are you worth? 
How much can you take home to God? 

" 'Don't count as possessions your 
silver and gold, 

Tomorrow you leave these behind : 

And all that is yours to have and to 

Is the service you've rendered man- 
kind.' " 

President McKay concludes: 
"When I first read that, I could not 
agree with him, nor do I today, unless 
he includes in that rendering of service, 
the development of spiritual gifts and 
attainments — the character that we 
have developed, the virtues which have 

been ours through righteous living in 
this mortal stage, and the credit of 
service to others." 

During the months and years in 
which he was restricted in his activities, 
he carried on, giving leadership to the 
Church, and never at any time did I 
hear him complain. Last Friday morn- 
ing as I called to inquire if he would 
like to see his counselors, the nurse 
replied that he was not able to see us. 
This Friday morning was the first time 
in months that he was not up, dressed, 
and in his study. He was determined 
and valiant to the very end. He was 
an inspiration and strength to all of 
us. And now he has gone to his great 
reward. What a glorious welcome he 
will receive from those who have gone 
on before him! Winston Churchill's 
statement when speaking of the late 
King George VI applies so well to our 
beloved President: 

"He was sustained not only by his 

natural buoyancy but by the sincerity 
of his Christian faith. During these 
last months the King walked with 
death as if death were a companion, 
an acquaintance whom he recognized 
but did not fear. In the end death 
came as a friend, and after a happy 
day of sunshine and sport. After 'good 
night' to those who loved him best, he 
fell asleep, and as every man and 
woman who strives to fear God and 
nothing else in the world may hope 
to do." 

I wish to bear my witness that God 
lives, and that Jesus is the Christ, the 
Savior of the world. He has given us 
the plan of life and salvation through 
his gospel, which, if accepted and lived, 
will make it possible for us to enjoy 
with our great leader, President David 
O. McKay, immortality and eternal 
life. May the Lord bless us all to this 
end, I pray, in the name of Jesus Christ. 
Amen. O 


He Lighted the Lamps 

of Faith" 

President Harold B. Lee 

First Counselor in the First Presidency 
and President of the Council of the Twelve 

• To all of us who have been closely 
associated with President McKay, we 
have fervently wished that this day 
would never come. And so with hearts 
filled to overflowing, and with a sense 
of gratitude and responsibility, I yield 
myself now to the spirit, in the hope 
that in these next few moments as we 
close this service I might follow along 
as the Spirit has guided the brethren 
thus far. 

I should like to take as something of 
a text the ninth Article of Faith: "We 
believe all that God has revealed, all 
that He does now reveal, and we be- 
lieve that He will yet reveal many 
great and important things pertaining 
to the Kingdom of God." 

The distinctive characteristic of the 
Church over which President David O. 
McKay has presided for nearly nineteen 
years as its President is expressed in 
that Article of Faith which I have just 

Anciently when the church was es- 
tablished, it was the apostle Paul who 
declared it was "built upon the founda- 
tion of the apostles and prophets, 
Jesus Christ himself being the chief 

corner stone." (Eph. 2:20.) Anchored 
by that divine conviction, we have 
often heard our beloved leader pray, 
"O God, we pray that the channel of 
communication will be always open 
between thee and us." That his prayer 
has been answered has been continual- 
ly witnessed by those of us who have 
labored close to him and have heard 
his profound conviction, "The Lord 
has spoken!" 

This expression leads us to another 
declaration concerning the exalted 
position in which he has served. In 
the position of President of The Church 
of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 
he has been sustained as a prophet, a 
seer, and a revelator. A prophet is an 
inspired and divinely appointed re- 
vealer and interpreter of God's mind 
and will. He has held the keys to the 
kingdom of God in our day, such as 
were given to Peter as the earthly head 
of the church in his day, there being 
only one man on the earth at a time 
holding such keys. 

The meaning of the title of seer is 
explained in reputable commentaries 
and by an ancient prophet. I read 

Era, February 1970 93 

Scene at Salt Lake cemetery burial site 

these to you that you may glimpse the 
spiritual stature of this man. You 
have been made aware of the outward 
evidences of the greatness of this man, 
David O. McKay. I would now desire 
to give you an insight into that other 
dimension of his great soul. The En- 
cyclopedia Britannica defines seer as 

"Seers create the expectation of indi- 
viduals in mysterious contact with God, 
standing in his counsel, knowing his 
secrets, whose words therefore should 
have absolute authority in times of 

The prophet Ammon declared: 

"And the king said that a seer is 
greater than a prophet. 

"And Ammon said that a seer is a 
revelator and a prophet also; and a gift 
which is greater can no man have, ex- 
cept he should possess the power of 
God, which no man can; yet a man 
may have great power given him from 

"But a seer can know of things 
which are past, and also of things 
which are to come, and by them shall 
things be revealed, or, rather, shall 
secret things be made manifest, and 
hidden things shall come to light, and 
things which are not known shall be 
made known by them, and also things 
shall be made known by them which 
otherwise could not be known. 

"Thus God has provided a means 
that man, through faith, might work 
mighty miracles; therefore he becom- 
eth a great benefit to his fellow beings." 
(Mosiah 8:15-18.) 

In those words you have dramatically 
portrayed the spiritual stature of this 
great man of God who has now been 
called home to report and to give an 

accounting of his earthly stewardship. 

Someone has written a summation 
that well expresses the feelings of all 
of us: "His love was pure and kind. 
Though he was gentle, he was firm. 
Though he was humble, he was not 
without courage. Though he was 
forgiving to the truly repentant, he 
never condoned sin. Though he had 
seen many changes in the standards of 
living, and had seen many advance- 
ments in science, he never changed any 
principles of the gospel. He brought 
honor and respect for the Church and 
Kingdom of God the world over. He 
was honored by all respectable people. 
He was genuine. He talked with God. 
He was and is a prophet of the Living 
God. That man and prophet is David 
O. McKay." 

His preparation for this mission be- 
gan in the premortal world, where 
Abraham tells us there were great and 
noble ones, from among whom God 
said he would make his rulers. To 
Abraham the Lord declared, as he did 
to Jeremiah, as well as to others, ". . . 
thou art of them; thou wast chosen 
before thou wast born." (Abr. 3:23.) 
There is no doubt in the minds of 
thousands who knew the life of David 
O. McKay that like Abraham and 
Jeremiah and others of the prophets, 
David O. McKay was chosen before 
he was born. 

Joseph Smith, the first prophet of this 
dispensation, once explained, "A man 
is only a prophet when he is acting 
as such." This enlightening declara- 
tion doubtless holds true of all proph- 
ets, ancient as well as modern men of 
God. Very likely they receive their 
polishing by the sometimes refining 
processes, as Paul declared of the Mas- 

ter: "Though he were a Son, yet 
learned he obedience by the things 
which he suffered." (Heb. 5:8.) 

A prophet, then, does not become a 
spiritual leader by studying books about 
religion, nor does he become one by 
attending a theological seminary. One 
becomes a prophet, a divinely called 
religious leader, by actual spiritual 
contacts. He gets his diploma, as it 
were, directly from God. 

Historically most prophet- leaders 
were chosen from humble walks of 
life. David O. McKay came of the 
pioneer, farmer family. He resided in 
a small hamlet known as Huntsville, 
nurtured among the hills up Ogden 
Canyon, isolated in a Bethlehem-like 
community as related to the larger 
centers of population. But like others 
of those pioneers, he and his family, 
while living in log cabins, dreamed of 
grand temples of God. Our President 
was a mighty instrument through 
which God moved to make that dream 
come true. During his lifetime as an 
apostle and as President of the Church, 
most of our holy temples of today have 
been constructed. "And by this vision 
splendid, he was on his way attended," 
and like Samuel of old, he grew on, and 
the Lord was with him, and he "was in 
favour both with the Lord, and also 
with men." (1 Sam. 2:26.) 

President McKay once said, "The 
poorest shack in which prevails a 
united family is of far greater value to 
God and to humanity than any other 
riches. In such a home God can work 
miracles and will work miracles. Pure 
hearts in a pure home are always in 
whispering distance of heaven." He 
should know, for the home of his child- 
hood and the one in which he was the 
father and presided were within "whis- 
pering distance of heaven." 

In the public press and by radio and 
television during the last few days the 
accomplishments of his life have been 
well documented and need not be 
further elaborated, but his great love 
for people urged him to give impetus to 
the Cburch-wide welfare movement, 
designed to give aid to the needy and 
the unfortunate to be uplifted in the 
Lord's own way. And in the beginning 
of that movement, I was called to be 
close to President McKay, and was 
called to his office sometimes not once 
but several times, as he directed the 
molding of what we call the Welfare 
Program of the Church. 

As he sensed the decline in family 
home life in this and other nations, 
he directed the establishment of a 
Church-wide family home evening 
program, as has been referred to, with 
a well-defined program of weekly 
religious and moral teachings, an ac- 
tivity designed to draw parents and 


children together. He said, "One of our 
most precious possessions in our family 
home is the school of human virtues. 
Its responsibilities, joys and sorrows, 
smiles, tears, hopes and solicitudes 
form the chief interests of life." 

He was alert to the moral decline 
and mounting juvenile delinquency 
and the ever-increasing crime wave. 
He made it clear to all of us that the 
world was in need of a unifying force, 
and such an ideal is the gospel of 
Jesus Christ. Throughout the whole 
Church, in the family home, and in 
all Church organizations, these gospel 
ideals must be constantly impressed, 
to minimize, if possible, these evils in 
the world. This has required a lifetime 
effort on his part to urge us to inte- 
grate all lesson materials for all ages, 
and thereby build a solid foundation 
of faith, that they become an anchor to 
the many who are floundering and in 
danger of moral shipwreck. 

None of us will ever forget the touch- 
stone of his soul, which was the secret 
of his nobility, when he declared, 
"What you think of Christ will deter- 
mine in large measure what you are. 
That man is greatest who is most 

As a special witness of our Lord and 
Master, he lighted the lamps of faith 
of many by the intensity of the fire 
within his own soul. His was the sure 
word of prophecy that Jesus Christ was 
indeed our Savior and our Redeemer 
and literal Son of God our Heavenly 

There could be no doubt but that 
his calling and election are made sure, 
and that he is a worthy recipient of 
the highest privileges accorded to those 
who have lived the laws of the celes- 
tial kingdom while on this earth. If I 
were an artist and had been retained 
to paint a picture of a prophet of God, 
I could choose no more worthy repre- 
sentative to stand for a picture of that 
prophet, past or present, than our own 
beloved President David O. McKay. 

Someone remarked, with reference to 
his passing, "The world was left poorer 
and heaven richer when he passed 
away." I would say it differently: "He 
left the world richer and heaven more 
glorious by the rich treasures he has 
brought to each." From one of his 
"heart petals," as he called them, on 
his ninetieth birthday, when the Gen- 
eral Authorities and the family gath- 
ered, he gave us this little verse, 
addressed in the closing words to one 
who is dear and precious to him: 

"Family cares came heavy but not a 

Forty-four children now crown her as 

Companion, counselor, adviser alway, 

My wife for eternity, my own Emma 

You insist that I'm ninety? 
My limbs say you are right, 
As I hobble along a pitiable sight; 
But I shall always feel young 
With the gospel that's true, 
With loved ones around me, and 

friends like you." 

As I have witnessed the throng of 
people waiting, waiting, almost around 
the entire block surrounding the 
Church Office Building, for the last 
glimpse of their departed leader, I have 
repeated to myself: That person who 
has lived best is he who in his passing 
has taken up most hearts with him. 
Amidst the turmoil in all the world, 
we lean upon the assurances that the 
Lord has given us, that when the devil 
shall have power over his own domin- 
ion, as he said he would in our day, we 
lean upon the promise of our Heavenly 
Father that in this day he would reign 
in the midst of his saints. (See D&C 

To you, his beloved family: You bear 
one of the greatest family names that 
has ever been among all the children 
of men on this earth. Teach your 
children and your children's children 
to the last generation to honor that 
name and never defile it, that the 
name of the McKay family might be 
perpetuated through all time. 

And to the Church: Cherish his 
memory, you Church members, by liv- 
ing in your youth, in your marriage, in 
your homes, as nearly to the perfection 
that he has demonstrated. He has 
been called home. New leadership will 
carry on, not to take his place — no one 
can take his place — but merely to fill 
the vacancy caused by his passing. If 
we look to the leadership that God 
will place and will follow thereafter as 
we have followed President McKay, all 
will be right with the world; and in 
the words of some, "stick with the old 
ship," the kingdom of God, and trust in 
Almighty God, and he will bring us 
safely through. 

There are evidences today of oppres- 
sion to the Church and kingdom of 
God, but like the apostle Paul we say, 
"For we preach not ourselves, but 
Christ Jesus the Lord; and ourselves 
your servants for Jesus' sake. . . . 

"We are troubled on every side, yet 
not distressed; we are perplexed, but 
not in despair. 

"Persecuted, but not forsaken; cast 
down, but not destroyed." (2 Cor. 5; 

Along with Job in the midst of his 
suffering, we declare, "For I know that 
my Redeemer liveth, and that he shall 
stand at the latter day upon the earth: 
And though after my skin worms de- 
stroy this body, yet in my flesh shall I 

see God" (Job 19:25-26), if I am 
worthy and hopefully to stand by the 
side of this noble leader, whom we 
have loved so much in life. 

"In my Father's house are many 
mansions: if it were not so, I would 
have told you. I go to prepare a place 
for you . . . that where I am, there 
ye may be also." (John 14:2-3.) I can 
imagine his wanting to say that to us 
here today. There are many mansions 
in our Father's kingdom beyond this. 
"I go to prepare a place for you. . . . 
that where I am, there ye may be also. 
And whither I go ye know, and the way 
ye know." "Let not your heart be 
troubled, neither let it be afraid." (John 

And so as one who bears the responsi- 
bility of being a special witness, as was 
President McKay, and as we have 
come one by one into the Council of 
the Twelve, we have been enjoined to 
remember that our greatest responsi- 
bility is to bear a true witness of the 
divine mission of our Lord and Savior 
Jesus Christ. And so with all the fervor 
of my soul, I join with my fellow mem- 
bers of the apostleship. We know, as 
President McKay knew, that Jesus 
lives, that he is the Redeemer of the 
world, and that comfort will come to 
you as a family and to you sorrowing 
friends, associates in the Church and 
out of the Church, to the extent that 
you too can receive that divine witness 
that Jesus is the Savior of the world, 
and that this life is but a schooling to 
prepare us for the life beyond this. To 
that I bear humble testimony and be- 
speak to you, our beloved Sister McKay, 
to all of you sons and daughters, grand- 
children, you sons-in-law, you daugh- 
ters-in-law, and all who have the blood 
of the McKay family in your veins, 
God grant you peace, and may you 
go from here with hearts uplifted, 
strengthened with a new resolution to 
carry on as you know he would want 
you to carry on. 

He won't be far away from you, 
Sister McKay. He will be waiting. I 
think he can't be long without you over 
there. He probably knows that you 
won't want to be long without him. He 
will be waiting. Have no fear. Be of 
good peace, and that time will come 
and that glorious reunion where time 
is no more, where there will be no 
tears, no sorrow. All these former 
things are done away in Christ. To 
that I bear my witness to all who are 
present and to all who are listening, 
far and near, and may we cling to that 
iron rod lest we in an evil moment fall 
prey to the wiles of the evil one and 
miss the golden opportunities that are 
ours if we remain true to the faith, for 
which I pray humbly in the name of 
the Lord Jesus Christ. Amen. Q 

Era, February 1970 95 

End of an Era 




The stake president, 

hi conducting stake conference, 

announced that he loould 

be the concluding speaker. 

"Then," he continued, "after 

I give my closing remarks 

the choir ivill sing 

'Let the Mountains Shout for 

Joy.' " He paused, puzzled, 

as several persons in 

the congregation began to laugh; 

then a slow smile started 

on his face, and soon the 

whole congregation ivas 

convulsed with laughter. 

— Kathy Peeler son, Provo, Utah 

In the mission field 
people often ask us, while 
we're tracting, if we 
are insurance salesmen. 
One of my companions, 
exasperated at being so 
frequently questioned, 
finally said, "Yes, 
we're with Eternal Life !" 
-Elder Elvin Frank Jones, 
Texas Mission 

'End of an Era" will pay $3 for humorous anecdotes and experiences that relate to the Latter-day Saint way of life. Maximum length 150 words. 

The best way I know of 

to win an argument is to start by 

being in the right. 

— Lord Hailsham 

Open-minded or 
empty-headed — if depends 
on ivhether you're 
defining yourself or 
someone else. 

Nagging wife: Wake up! 
You're talking in your sleep! 
Husband: My goodness, do you 
begrudge me those few words? 

He that falls in love with himself 
will have no rivals. 

— Benjamin Franklin 

A reckless driver is one who 
passes you in spite of all 
your car can do. 

Each one of us is the architect 
of his own fate, and he is 
unfortunate indeed who will try 
to build himself without the 
inspiration of God, without 
realizing that he grows from 
within, not from without. 

— President David 0. McKay 

"Doctor, I'm suffering from 
a pain in my right leg." 
"There's no cure, alas. It's 
because of old age," the doctor 
replied. "You must be 
mistaken, doctor. The left, leg 
is as old as the right, 
and it doesn't hurt at /all!" 

Fireworks at Dawn 
By Maureen Cannon 

Our father, barricaded 

Behind the headlines, is 

Each morning whoUy shaded 

From view except for his 

Two hands which grasp the pages, 

White-knuckled, while he rages. 

It hardly seems the time for me to mutter 

"I wonder, darling, woidd you pass the butter?" 

On days when Ships of State are plainly rudderless, 

I'd better reach my own. Or else go butter-less. 

96 Era, February 1970 


I , 

■ -.-.-■-i;- ^i 






" # \ 


c WIio said BYU 
college kids? 






/ , 

I ■;■'■ 

Come summer, youth 12 through 20 
from all over the nation make the 
summer scene at BYU. In fact they 
make the place hop! Hop with art, 
music, debate, publications, speed 
reading, broadcasting, and theatri- 
cal fun, with boys' sports and sur- 
vival aventures, with girls' personal 
development programs. 

It's all part of BYU's 1970 Summer 
Youth Programs. Programs geared 
to fire kids up ... to develop their 
aesthetic and leadership skills . . . 
to strengthen their spiritual base . . . 
to move them now into new areas 
of personal achievement — in an 
unexcelled LDS environment. 

Take your pick of these thirteen 
never-to-be-forgotten summer 
youth programs at BYU: 


(Personal Development for Girls) 

June 15-26, June 29 - July 10, 
July 13-24, July 25-31 


June 15- July 17 


June 15-26, June 29 -July 10 



(Personal Development for Overweight Girls) 

June 15- July 24 


June 15-26 


June 18-27, June 27 - July 6, 
July 23 - August 1 , August 1 -1 


June 22-July 10, July 27-August 14 

June 29- July 17 


July 6-10 



(Debate and Speech) 

July 20-31 


July 27-August 8 


(Radio / TV) 

August 3-7 



August 10-14 


242-E HRCB 

Brigham Young University 

Provo, Utah 84601 

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Member First Security Corporation System of Banks 

First Security Bank of Utah, National Association. 
First Security Bank of Idaho, National Association. 
First Security State Bank. 
First Security Bank of Rock Springs, Wyoming. 

Members Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation